Destinations, Travel List, Travel Tips

Seven wonderful Gothic cathedrals of the world

Saint Vitus’s

It was built up round Saint Vaclav’s tomb, the patron of Bohemia. He was a Christian noble, so much beloved by people. The cathedral was edified where all his dregs were assembled and buried by his brother.
Spiritual symbol of the Czech Republic, the chapel is magnificently decorated and its architecture gives the monument a unique aspect. The gems that decorate it, the painted scenes that date since the 14th century confer it nobleness and the light that bites into, blurred by the Bohemia stained glass enhances its charm. Other really special elements of the building are Crown Room, Queens’ and Kings’ Crypt, Final Judgement’s Mosaic on the south front of the cathedral, plentifully decorated, dating since 1370, considered to be the oldest external monumental mosaic from the Northern Alps.
Witness of the fascinating history of the city where the reformer Jan Hus was burnt at the stake, where the legend of Golem was born, the fantastic creature of Yehuda Levai‘s Rabbi, or мебелиFranz Kafka’s creations, Saint Vitus’s Cathedral keeps vigil silently, surrounded by a mysterious atmosphere, the old and illustrious capital of Bohemia’s kingdom.

Notre Dame

It’s one of the most important cathedrals of the world. Even though the Romanic style is evoked, it is here where, for the first time, were applied architectural solutions belonging to the Gothic style. Possessing imposing proportions, 130 m length, 35 m height, the front nave is embellished with paintings and statues.
Notre – Dame is considered to be the darkest cathedral of the big Gothic ones, the light which is filtered through the colored rosettes giving you mystical feelings in the severe penumbra.

Siena

A gorgeous mixture of Gothic and Romanic styles designed by Nicola Pisano, dating from 1220. Known as being one of the biggest cathedrals from Italy, it could have become even the biggest Christian cathedral if a severe plague of the XIV-th century had not had obstructed the continuation of the already begun plans. The Siena Dome was risen between 1215 and 1263, its architecture belonging, partially, to the Gothic master Nicola Pisano. His son, Jovanni, designed the plans for the inferior part of the facade, begun in 1285.
The exterior is made out of multi-colored marble, while the interior is black and white. Most of the sculptures, placed on its facade, are copies of the originals (which are kept inside for better preservation).

Virgin Mary

Impressing and well-kept, dating from 1220. It is easy to recognize because of the two towers of different patterns and sizes. It is also known for its shire sculpted in wood during the 15th century, by the German Veit Stoss. And if you don’t believe in miracles, you’ll have to pay attention to this one: during the earthquake from 1442, many of the constructions collapsed, but not its big tower, which didn’t even move.

 

Saint Etienne

The magnificent building is a religious edifice from Sens, France. One of the earliest Gothic catherdals in France, its construction had begun in 1140 and belongs almost completely to the 12th century. The bells from the belfry in the tower were very famous during the Middle Ages. The two bells that “survived” until today, La Savinienne and La Potentienne, weigh 15, 3 and 13, 8 tons. From all the marvels existing in the interior of the cathedral, one of the most important is the tomb of the Louis Dauphin of France king. The bas-reliefs in the cathedral describe scenes of Antoine Duprat’s life, the chancellor of France between 1525 and 1535. The mausoleum where these bas-reliefs come from was destroyed during the French Revolution.
The cathedral’s treasury, one of the richest in antiquities of the entire France, keeps a piece of the original cross presented by Charlemange, next to the vestments of Thoman Becket. All these are now kept in this museum, one that truly deserves to be seen in a lifetime.

Westminster

Is one of the most visited churches from the United Kingdom. This is the daily place to come for many English. There are special ceremonies and gatherings of the worshipers, who often fill it up completely. The interior is decorated with a succession of artistic elements which are connected to the dedication day.
Its Byzantine architecture makes it an unique presence in the urbanized London, the atmosphere of deep prayers from inside making the Queen Elisabeth of England to visit it in 1995. Many other personalities have been there to pray or, perhaps, just to visit it as a cultural sanctuary. One of those people is Tony Blair. As he is Christian, he often comes here to collect his thoughts with his wife, Cherie Blair, a well-known Catholic.

Saint Andrew’s

In 1834 began, in Singapore, the building of the first Anglican dwelling cult. Today, the actual cathedral of Singapore, dedicated to Saint Andrew, a veritable architectonic jewel is NOT the original one. The first one was built in 1834 and, destroyed by a lightning, its reconstruction imposing itself as a necessity. At that time, the natives thought it was a sign from God. They suggested cutting thirty heads to make the evil spirits calm down, but, of course, the English refused to listen to that piece of advice. The new structure, in a Gothic English Renaissance style,was finished in 1861.
Placed on a pretty crowded commercial area, Saint Andrew’s Cathedral watches white and serene the urban agitation around it, from the middle of a green area, which makes you think of England’s marvelous nature, while its tower keeps its eyes on the trees all around the park, as a veritable Christian sentinel in this distant Asian city.

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