cayman islands

Cayman Islands - Wikipedia Cayman Islands From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Redirected from Cayman islands) Jump to navigation Jump to search This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. (April 2016) Coordinates: 19°30′N 80°30′W / 19.500°N 80.500°W / 19.500; -80.500 Cayman Islands British Overseas Territory Flag Coat of arms Motto: "He hath founded it upon the seas"[1] Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (official)National song: "Beloved Isle Cayman" Status British Overseas TerritoryCapitaland largest city George Town19°20′N 81°24′W / 19.333°N 81.400°W / 19.333; -81.400Official languages EnglishLocal dialect Cayman Islands EnglishEthnic groups (2011) 40% Mixed20% Black20% White20% Asian and other[2]Demonym CaymanianGovernment Parliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy • Monarch Elizabeth II• Governor Anwar Choudhury• Premier Alden McLaughlin• UK government minister[a] Tariq Ahmad Legislature Legislative AssemblyEstablished as a Crown colony • Established 1962• Current constitution 6 November 2009 Area • Total 264 km2 (102 sq mi)• Water (%) 1.6Population• Census 60,765 as of 2016• Density 212[3]/km2 (549.1/sq mi) (59th)GDP (PPP) 2014[4] estimate• Total $2.507 billion[4] (192nd)• Per capita $73,800 (2004 est.)[4] (11th)GDP (nominal) 2014[5] estimate• Total $3.480 billion[5][6] (160th)• Per capita $58,808[5][6] (9th)HDI (2013) 0.888very highCurrency Cayman Islands dollar (KYD)Time zone EST (UTC–5) Daylight Saving Time (DST) is not observed. Eastern Standard Time (EST) all year.Drives on the leftCalling code +1-345ISO 3166 code KYInternet TLD .ky Websitehttps://www.cayman.com.kyThe Cayman Islands (/ˈkeɪmən/ or /keɪˈmæn/) is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea. The 264-square-kilometre (102-square-mile) territory comprises the three islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, which are located to the south of Cuba and northeast of Honduras, between Jamaica and the Yucatán Peninsula. The total population of the three islands is approximately 60,765.[7] The capital city is George Town, situated on Grand Cayman. The Cayman Islands is considered to be part of the geographic Western Caribbean Zone as well as the Greater Antilles. The territory is often considered a major world offshore financial haven for international businesses and many wealthy individuals.[8] Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Fauna 2.2 Climate 3 Demographics 3.1 District populations 4 Economy 4.1 Tourism 4.2 Shipping 4.3 Financial services industry 4.3.1 Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act 4.3.2 Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 4.4 Labour 4.4.1 Work permits for non-citizens 4.4.2 CARICOM Single Market Economy 5 Government 5.1 Defence and law enforcement 5.2 Taxation 5.3 Foreign relations 6 Infrastructure 6.1 Ports 6.2 Air transport 7 Education 7.1 Primary and secondary schools 7.2 Colleges and universities 8 Health and public safety 8.1 Healthcare 8.2 Emergency services 8.3 Health City Cayman Islands 9 Sports 10 Music 11 Media 12 Notable Caymanians 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links History[edit] Main article: History of the Cayman Islands The Cayman Islands remained largely uninhabited until the 17th century. While there is no archaeological evidence for an indigenous people on the islands, a variety of settlers from various backgrounds made their home on the islands, including pirates, shipwrecked sailors, and deserters from Oliver Cromwell's army in Jamaica.[9] Folklore suggests that the emergence of the name ‘Cayman’ is a result of a captive’s successful flee from Cromwell’s army. His name was Cayman Cushing, and he supposedly initiated the escape. It is believed that several other captives escaped to the islands alongside Cushing. As a result of his bravery, the runaway prisoners settled on what they called the Cayman Islands.[10] Cayman Islands National Museum, George Town, Grand Cayman The first recorded permanent inhabitant of the Cayman Islands, Isaac Bodden, was born on Grand Cayman around 1661. He was the grandson of the original settler named Bodden who was probably one of Oliver Cromwell's soldiers at the taking of Jamaica in 1655.[11]England took formal control of the Cayman Islands, along with Jamaica, as a result of the Treaty of Madrid of 1670. Following several unsuccessful attempts at settlement, a permanent English-speaking population in the islands dates from the 1730s. With settlement, after the first royal land grant by the Governor of Jamaica in 1734, came the perceived need for slaves.[12] Many were brought to the islands from Africa; this is evident today with the majority of native Caymanians being of African and English descent. The results of the first census taken in the islands in 1802 showed the population on Grand Cayman to be 933 with 545 of those inhabitants being enslaved. Slavery was abolished in the Cayman Islands in 1833. At the time of abolition, there were over 950 Blacks of African ancestry enslaved by 116 white families of English ancestry.[13]The islands continued to be governed as part of the Colony of Jamaica until 1962, when they became a separate Crown colony while Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm.[14] The Heroes Square in the centre of George Town, which commemorates Cayman Islands' war dead. The Legislative Assembly building is at the left. On 8 February 1794, the Caymanians rescued the crews of a group of ten merchant ships, including HMS Convert, an incident that has since become known as the Wreck of the Ten Sail. The ships had struck a reef and run aground during rough seas.[15] Legend has it that King George III rewarded the island with a promise never to introduce taxes as compensation for their generosity, as one of the ships carried a member of the King's own family. While this remains a popular legend, the story is not true.[16]The Cayman Islands historically has been a tax-exempt destination. The government of the Cayman Islands has always relied on indirect and not direct taxes. The territory has never levied income tax, capital gains tax, or any wealth tax, making them a popular tax haven.[17]On 11 September 2004 the island of Grand Cayman, which lies largely unprotected at sea level, was hit by Hurricane Ivan, creating an 8-ft (2.4 m) storm surge which flooded many areas of Grand Cayman. An estimated 83% of the dwellings on the island were damaged including 4% requiring complete reconstruction. A reported 70% of all dwellings suffered severe damage from flooding or wind. Another 26% sustained minor damage from partial roof removal, low levels of flooding, or impact with floating or wind driven hurricane debris.[18] Power, water and communications were disrupted for months in some areas as Ivan was the worst hurricane to hit the islands in 86 years.[19] Grand Cayman began a major rebuilding process and within two years its infrastructure was nearly returned to pre-hurricane status. Due to the tropical location of the islands, more hurricanes or tropical systems have affected the Cayman Islands than any other region in the Atlantic basin; it has been brushed or directly hit, on average, every 2.23 years.[20] Geography[edit] Map of the Cayman Islands, showing the three main islands about 120 kilometres (75 miles) apart Main article: Geography of the Cayman Islands The islands are in the western Caribbean Sea and are the peaks of a massive underwater ridge, known as the Cayman Ridge (or Cayman Rise). This ridge flanks the Cayman Trough, 6,000 m (20,000 ft) deep[21] which lies 6 km (3.7 mi) to the south.[22] The islands lie in the northwest of the Caribbean Sea, east of Quintana Roo, Mexico and Yucatán State, Mexico, northeast of Costa Rica, north of Panama, south of Cuba and west of Jamaica. They are situated about 700 km (430 mi) south of Miami,[23] 750 km (470 mi) east of Mexico,[24] 366 km (227 mi) south of Cuba,[25] and about 500 km (310 mi) northwest of Jamaica.[26]Grand Cayman is by far the largest, with an area of 197 km2 (76 sq mi).[27] Grand Cayman's two "sister islands", Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, are about 120 km (75 mi) east north-east of Grand Cayman and have areas of 38 and 28.5 km2 (14.7 and 11.0 sq mi)[28] respectively. George Town waterfront All three islands were formed by large coral heads covering submerged ice age peaks of western extensions of the Cuban Sierra Maestra range and are mostly flat. One notable exception to this is The Bluff on Cayman Brac's eastern part, which rises to 43 m (141 ft) above sea level, the highest point on the islands.[29]Terrain is mostly a low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs. Fauna[edit] Further information: List of mammals of the Cayman IslandsFurther information: List of birds of the Cayman IslandsFurther information: List of butterflies of the Cayman Islands The mammalian species in the Cayman Islands include the introduced Central American agouti[30] and eight species of bats. At least three now extinct native rodent species were present up until the discovery of the islands by Europeans. Marine life around the island of the Grand Cayman includes tarpon, silversides (Atheriniformes), French angelfish (Pomacanthus paru), and giant barrel sponges. A number of cetaceans are found in offshore waters. These species include the goose-beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris), Blainville's beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) and sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). Cayman avian fauna includes two endemic subspecies of Amazona parrots: Amazona leucocephala hesterna or Cuban amazon, presently restricted to the island of Cayman Brac, but formerly also on Little Cayman, and Amazona leucocephala caymanensis or Grand Cayman parrot, which is native to the Cayman Islands, forested areas of Cuba, and the Isla de la Juventud. Little Cayman and Cayman Brac are also home to red-footed and brown boobies.[31][32] Although the barn owl (Tyto alba) occurs in all three of the islands but they are not commonplace. The Cayman Islands also possess five endemic subspecies of butterflies on the islands.[33] These butterfly breeds can be viewed at the Queen Elizabeth II Botanic Park on the Grand Cayman. Among other notable fauna at the Queen Elizabeth II Botanic Park is the critically threatened blue iguana which is also known as the Grand Cayman iguana (Cyclura lewisi). The blue iguana is endemic to the Grand Cayman[34] particularly because of rocky, sunlit, open areas near the island's shores that are advantageous for the laying of eggs. Nevertheless, habitat destruction and invasive mammalian predators remain primary reasons that blue iguana hatchlings do not survive naturally.[35]The Cuban crocodile (Crococylus rhombifer) formerly occurred on the islands; possibly also the American crocodile (C. acutus). The name 'Cayman' is derived from a Carib word for various crocodilians.[citation needed] Climate[edit] Signs at Rum Point commemorating landed and near-miss hurricanes Main article: Climate of the Cayman Islands The Cayman Islands has a tropical wet and dry climate, with a wet season from May to October, and a dry season that runs from November to April. Seasonally, there is little temperature change.[36]A major natural hazard is the tropical cyclones that form during the Atlantic hurricane season from June to November. On 11 and 12 September 2004, Hurricane Ivan struck the Cayman Islands. The storm resulted in two deaths and caused great damage to the infrastructure on the islands. The total economic impact of the storms was estimated to be $3.4 billion.[37] Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of the Cayman Islands The Cayman Islands have more registered businesses than people.[38] In 2016 the Cayman Islands had an estimated population of about 60,765,[7] representing a mix of more than 100 nationalities. Out of that number, about half are of Caymanian descent. About 60% of the population is of mixed race (mostly mixed African-Caucasian). The islands are almost exclusively Christian, with large numbers of Baptists, Presbyterians and Catholics, but also hosts Jewish,[39] Muslim and Hindu communities. The vast majority of the population resides on Grand Cayman, followed by Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, respectively.[4] The capital of the Cayman Islands is George Town, on the southwest coast of Grand Cayman. District populations[edit] Traditional Caymanian home at East End, Grand Cayman According to the Cayman Islands 2016 Compendium of Statistics released by the Economics and Statistics Office (ESO) the estimated resident population is above 61,000 people,[40] broken down as follows: George Town: 31,935 West Bay: 11,686 Bodden Town: 12,669 North Side: 1,460 East End: 1,511 Cayman Brac and Little Cayman (Sister Islands): 2,099Economy[edit] Graphical depiction of the Cayman Islands' product exports Main article: Economy of the Cayman Islands Sir Vassel Johnson, who became the only Caymanian ever knighted, was a pioneer of Cayman’s financial services industry. Cayman Islands Past Governor Stuart Jack said ‘As one of the architects of modern Cayman, especially the financial industry, Sir Vassel guided the steady growth of these Islands as the first financial secretary. His remarkable vision set the foundation for the prosperity and economic stability of these islands. Without his input, Cayman might well have remained the islands that time forgot.’[41]With an average income of around KYD$47,000, Caymanians have the highest standard of living in the Caribbean. According to the CIA World Factbook, the Cayman Islands GDP per capita is the 38th highest in the world, but the CIA's data for Cayman dates to 2004 and is likely to be lower than present-day values.[42] The territory prints its own currency, the Cayman Islands dollar (KYD), which is pegged to the US dollar 1.227 USD to 1 KYD. However, in many retail stores throughout the islands, the KYD is typically traded at 1.25 USD.[43] The government has established a Needs Assessment Unit to relieve poverty in the islands.[44]The government's primary source of income is indirect taxation: there is no income tax, capital gains tax, or corporation tax.[17] An import duty of 5% to 22% (automobiles 29.5% to 100%) is levied against goods imported into the islands. Few goods are exempt; notable exemptions include books, cameras, gold, and perfume.[45]On 15 July 2012 one of the Cayman Islands' former Premiers McKeeva Bush announced the intended introduction of a "community enhancement fee" in the form of a payroll tax to be paid solely by expatriate workers. Caymanians themselves were to remain exempt from this tax. This would have been the first direct tax on income in the Cayman Islands' history.[46] Bush also announced a five percent fee on "certain categories of employment" to be payable by businesses. However, the payroll tax was scrapped before it had been implemented.[47] Tourism[edit] See also: Scuba diving in the Cayman Islands Panorama of Seven Mile Beach on Grand Cayman. One of Grand Cayman's main attractions is Seven Mile Beach, site of a number of the island's hotels and resorts. Named one of the Ultimate Beaches by Caribbean Travel and Life, Seven Mile Beach is on the western shore of Grand Cayman Island. It is a public property and possible to walk the full length of the beach, past all the hotels, resorts, and public beach bars.[48] Historical sites in Grand Cayman, such as Pedro St. James Castle in Savannah, also attract visitors.[49] Tourists also visit the "sister islands", Little Cayman[50] and Cayman Brac.[51] Stingray passing through – Stingray City, Grand Cayman Stingrays pass each other at Stingray City sandbar off Grand Cayman Island All three islands offer scuba diving, and the Cayman Islands is home to several snorkelling locations where tourists can swim with stingrays. The most popular area to do this is Stingray City, Grand Cayman. Stingray City is a top attraction in Grand Cayman and originally started in the 1980s, when divers started feeding squid to stingrays. The stingrays started to associate the sound of the boat motors with food, and thus visit this area year round.[52]There are two shipwrecks off the shores of Cayman Brac, including the MV Captain Keith Tibbetts;[53] Grand Cayman also has several shipwrecks off its shores, including one deliberate one. On 30 September 1994 the USS Kittiwake was decommissioned and struck from the Naval Vessel Register. In November 2008 her ownership was transferred for an undisclosed amount to the government of the Cayman Islands, which had decided to sink the Kittiwake in June 2009 to form a new artificial reef off Seven Mile Beach, Grand Cayman. Following several delays, the ship was finally scuttled according to plan on 5 January 2011. The Kittiwake has become a dynamic environment for marine life. While visitors are not allowed to take anything, there are endless sights. Each of the five decks of the ship offers squirrelfish, rare sponges, Goliath groupers, urchins, and more. Experienced and beginner divers are invited to swim around the Kittiwake.[54] Pirates Week, an annual 11-day November festival, was started in 1977 by Jim Bodden, then Minister of Tourism, to boost tourism during the country's tourism slow season.[55]Other Grand Cayman tourist attractions include: the ironshore landscape of Hell; the 23-acre (93,000 m2) marine theme park "Cayman Turtle Centre: Island Wildlife Encounter", previously known as "Boatswain's Beach"; the production of gourmet sea salt; and the Mastic Trail, a hiking trail through the forests in the centre of the island. The National Trust for the Cayman Islands provides guided tours weekly on the Mastic Trail and other locations.[56]Another attraction to visit on Grand Cayman is the Observation Tower, located in Camana Bay. The Observation Tower is 75 feet tall and provides 360-degree views across Seven Mile Beach, George Town, the North Sound, and beyond. It is free to the public and climbing the tower has become a popular thing to do in the Cayman Islands.[57]Points of interest include the East End Light (sometimes called Gorling Bluff Light), a lighthouse at the east end of Grand Cayman island. The lighthouse is the centrepiece of East End Lighthouse Park, managed by the National Trust for the Cayman Islands; the first navigational aid on the site was the first lighthouse in the Cayman Islands. Shipping[edit] The merchant marine total is 123 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totalling 2,402,058 GRT/3,792,094 metric tons deadweight (DWT). The fleet includes 22 bulk carriers, 5 cargo ships, 31 chemical tankers, 2 container ships, 1 liquefied gas transport, 21 petroleum tankers, 35 refrigerated cargo ships, 5 roll-on/roll-off vessels and 1 specialised tanker. (Note: some foreign ships register in the Cayman Islands as a flag of convenience. In 2002 ships from eleven countries took advantage of this option, including 15 from Greece, 5 from the United States, 5 from the United Kingdom, 2 from Cyprus, 2 from Denmark and 3 from Norway.) Financial services industry[edit] Butterfield Bank in George Town The Cayman Islands is a major international financial centre. The largest sectors are "banking, hedge fund formation and investment, structured finance and securitisation, captive insurance, and general corporate activities".[58] Regulation and supervision of the financial services industry is the responsibility of the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA). Sir Vassel Johnson was a pioneer of Cayman’s financial services industry. Sir Vassel, who became the only Caymanian ever knighted in 1994, served as the Cayman Islands financial secretary from 1965 through 1982 and then as an Executive Council member from 1984 through 1988. In his government roles, Sir Vassel was a driving force in shaping the Cayman Islands financial services industry.[59]The Cayman Islands is the fifth-largest banking centre in the world,[60] with $1.5 trillion in banking liabilities as of June 2007[update].[58] In March 2017 there were 158 banks, 11 of which were licensed to conduct banking activities with domestic (Cayman-based) and international clients, and the remaining 147 were licensed to operate on an international basis with only limited domestic activity.[61] Financial services generated KYD$1.2 billion of GDP in 2007 (55% of the total economy), 36% of all employment and 40% of all government revenue. In 2010, the country ranked fifth internationally in terms of value of liabilities booked and sixth in terms of assets booked. It has branches of 40 of the world's 50 largest banks. The Cayman Islands is the second largest captive domicile (Bermuda is largest) in the world with more than 700 captives, writing more than US$7.7 billion of premiums and with US$36.8 billion of assets under management.[62]There are a number of service providers. These include global financial institutions including HSBC, Deutsche Bank, UBS, and Goldman Sachs; over 80 administrators, leading accountancy practices (incl. the Big Four auditors), and offshore law practices including Maples & Calder.[63] They also include wealth management such as Rothschilds private banking and financial advice.[64]Since the introduction of the Mutual Funds Law in 1993, which has been copied by jurisdictions around the world, the Cayman Islands has grown to be the world's leading offshore hedge fund jurisdiction.[63] In June 2008, it passed 10,000 hedge fund registrations, and over the year ending June 2008 CIMA reported a net growth rate of 12% for hedge funds.[65]Starting in the mid-late 1990s, offshore financial centres, such as the Cayman Islands, came under increasing pressure from the OECD for their allegedly harmful tax regimes, where the OECD wished to prevent low-tax regimes from having an advantage in the global marketplace. The OECD threatened to place the Cayman Islands and other financial centres on a "black list" and impose sanctions against them.[66] However, the Cayman Islands successfully avoided being placed on the OECD black list in 2000 by committing to regulatory reform to improve transparency and begin information exchange with OECD member countries about their citizens.[66]In 2004, under pressure from the UK, the Cayman Islands agreed in principle to implement the European Union Savings Directive (EUSD), but only after securing some important benefits for the financial services industry in the Cayman Islands. As the Cayman Islands is not subject to EU laws, the implementation of the EUSD is by way of bilateral agreements between each EU member state and the Cayman Islands. The government of the Cayman Islands agreed on a model agreement, which set out how the EUSD would be implemented with the Cayman Islands.[67]A report published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in March 2005, assessing supervision and regulation in the Cayman Islands' banking, insurance and securities industries, as well as its money laundering regime, recognised the jurisdiction's comprehensive regulatory and compliance frameworks. "An extensive program of legislative, rule and guideline development has introduced an increasingly effective system of regulation, both formalizing earlier practices and introducing enhanced procedures", noted IMF assessors. The report further stated that "the supervisory system benefits from a well-developed banking infrastructure with an internationally experienced and qualified workforce as well as experienced lawyers, accountants and auditors", adding that, "the overall compliance culture within Cayman is very strong, including the compliance culture related to AML (anti-money laundering) obligations".[68][69]On 4 May 2009, the United States President, Barack Obama, declared his intentions to curb the use of financial centres by multinational corporations. In his speech, he singled out the Cayman Islands as a tax shelter.[70] The next day, the Cayman Island Financial Services Association submitted an open letter to the president detailing the Cayman Islands' role in international finance and its value to the US financial system.[71]The Cayman Islands was ranked as the world's second most significant tax haven on the Tax Justice Network's "Financial Secrecy Index" from 2011, scoring slightly higher than Luxembourg and falling behind only Switzerland.[72] In 2013, the Cayman Islands was ranked by the Financial Secrecy Index as the fourth safest tax haven in the world, behind Hong Kong but ahead of Singapore. In the first conviction of a non-Swiss financial institution for US tax evasion conspiracy, two Cayman Islands financial institutions pleaded guilty in Manhattan Federal Court in 2016 to conspiring to hide more than $130 million in Cayman Islands bank accounts. The companies admitted to helping US clients hide assets in offshore accounts, and agreed to produce account files of non-compliant US taxpayers.[73] Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act[edit] On 30 June 2014, the tax jurisdiction of the Cayman Islands was deemed to have an inter-governmental agreement (IGA) with the United States of America with respect to the "Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act" of the United States of America.[74]The Model 1 Agreement recognizes:[74] The Tax Information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) between the United States of America and The Cayman Islands which was signed in London, United Kingdom on 29 November 2013. Page 1 – Clause 2 of the FATCA Agreement.[74] The Government of Great Britain and Northern Ireland provided a copy of the Letter of Entrustment which was sent to the Government of the Cayman Islands, to the Government of the United States of America "via diplomatic note of October 16, 2013". The Letter of Entrustment dated 20 October 2013, The Govt of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, authorized the Govt of the Cayman Islands to sign an agreement on information exchange to facilitate the Implementation of the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act – Page 1 – Clause 10.[74]On 26 March 2017, the US Treasury site disclosed that the Model 1 agreement and related agreement were "In Force" on 1 July 2014. Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act[edit] Under the UK Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2018, beneficial ownership of companies in British overseas territories such as the Cayman Islands must be publicly registered for disclosure by 31 December 2020.[75] The Government of the Cayman Islands plans to challenge this law, arguing that it violates the Constitutional sovereignty granted to the islands.[75] Labour[edit] Jamaican-born roadside woodcarver working outside Bodden Town The Cayman Islands has a small population of 60,765 (as of 2016) and therefore a limited workforce. Work permits may, therefore, be granted to foreigners. On average, there have been more than 21,000 foreigners holding valid work permits.[76] Work permits for non-citizens[edit] To work in the Cayman Islands as a non-citizen, a work permit is required. This involves passing a police background check and a health check. A prospective immigrant worker will not be granted a permit unless certain medical conditions are present which include testing negative for syphilis and HIV. A permit may be granted to individuals on special work. A foreigner must first have a job to move to the Cayman Islands. The employer applies and pays for the work permit.[77] Work permits are not granted to foreigners who are in the Cayman Islands (unless it is a renewal). The Cayman Islands Immigration Department requires foreigners to remain out of the country until their work permit has been approved.[78]The Cayman Islands presently imposes a controversial "rollover" in relation to expatriate workers who require a work permit. Non-Caymanians are only permitted to reside and work within the territory for a maximum of nine years unless they satisfy the criteria of key employees. Non-Caymanians who are "rolled over" may return to work additional nine-year periods, subject to a one-year gap between their periods of work. The policy has been the subject of some controversy within the press. Law firms have been particularly upset by the recruitment difficulties that it has caused.[79] Other less well-remunerated employment sectors have been affected as well. Concerns about safety have been expressed by diving instructors, and realtors have also expressed concerns. Others support the rollover as necessary to protect Caymanian identity in the face of immigration of large numbers of expatriate workers.[80]Concerns have been expressed that in the long term, the policy may damage the preeminence of the Cayman Islands as an offshore financial centre by making it difficult to recruit and retain experienced staff from onshore financial centres. Government employees are no longer exempt from this "rollover" policy, according to this report in a local newspaper.[81] The governor has used his constitutional powers, which give him absolute control over the disposition of civil service employees, to determine which expatriate civil servants are dismissed after seven years service and which are not.[citation needed]This policy is incorporated in the Immigration Law (2003 revision), written by the United Democratic Party government, and subsequently enforced by the People's Progressive Movement Party government. Both governments agree to the term limits on foreign workers, and the majority of Caymanians also agree it is necessary to protect local culture and heritage from being eroded by a large number of foreigners gaining residency and citizenship.[82] CARICOM Single Market Economy[edit] In recognition of the CARICOM (Free Movement) Skilled Persons Act which came into effect in July 1997 in some of the CARICOM countries such as Jamaica and which has been adopted in other CARICOM countries, such as Trinidad and Tobago[83] it is possible that CARICOM nationals who hold the "A Certificate of Recognition of Caribbean Community Skilled Person" may be allowed to work in the Cayman Islands[84] under normal working conditions. Government[edit] Main article: Politics of the Cayman Islands The Legislative Assembly building in George Town Map of the European Union in the world with overseas countries and territories and outermost regions The Cayman Islands is a British overseas territory, listed by the UN Special Committee of 24 as one of the 16 non-self-governing territories. The current Constitution, incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom in 2009.[85] A 19-seat (not including two non-voting members appointed by the Governor which brings the total to 21 members) Legislative Assembly is elected by the people every four years to handle domestic affairs.[86] Of the elected Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs), seven are chosen to serve as government Ministers in a Cabinet headed by the Governor. The Premier is appointed by the Governor.[87]A Governor is appointed by the Queen of the United Kingdom on the advice of the British Government to represent the monarch.[88] Governors can exercise complete legislative and executive authority if they wish through blanket powers reserved to them in the constitution.[89] Bills which have passed the Legislative Assembly require royal assent before becoming effective. The Constitution empowers the Governor to withhold royal assent in cases where the legislation appears to him or her to be repugnant to or inconsistent with the Constitution or affects the rights and privileges of the Legislative Assembly or the Royal Prerogative, or matters reserved to the Governor by article 55.[90] The executive authority of the Cayman Islands is vested in the Queen and is exercised by the Government, consisting of the Governor and the Cabinet.[91] There is an office of the Deputy Governor, who must be a Caymanian and have served in a senior public office. The Deputy Governor is the acting Governor when the office of Governor is vacant, or the Governor is not able to discharge his or her duties or is absent from the Cayman Islands.[92] The current Governor of the Cayman Islands is Anwar Choudhury.[93][94]The Cabinet is composed of two official members and seven elected members, called Ministers; one of whom is designated Premier. The Premier can serve for two consecutive terms after which he is barred from attaining the office again. Although an MLA can only be Premier twice any person who meets the qualifications and requirements for a seat in the Legislative Assembly can be elected to the Legislative Assembly indefinitely.[95]There are two official members of the Legislative Assembly, the Deputy Governor and the Attorney General. They are appointed by the Governor in accordance with Her Majesty's instructions, and although they have seats in the Legislative Assembly, under the 2009 Constitution, they do not vote. They serve in a professional and advisory role to the MLAs, the Deputy Governor represents the Governor who is a representative of the Queen and the British Government. While the Attorney General serves to advise on legal matters and has special responsibilities in the LA, he is generally responsible for changes to the Penal code among other things. The seven Ministers are voted into office by the 19 elected members of the Legislative Assembly of the Cayman Islands. One of the Ministers, the leader of the majority political party, is appointed Premier by the Governor. After consulting the Premier, the Governor allocates a portfolio of responsibilities to each Cabinet Minister. Under the principle of collective responsibility, all Ministers are obliged to support in the Assembly any measures approved by Cabinet. Almost 80 departments, sections and units carry out the business of government, joined by a number of statutory boards and authorities set up for specific purposes, such as the Port Authority, the Civil Aviation Authority, the Immigration Board, the Water Authority, the University College Board of Governors, the National Pensions Board and the Health Insurance Commission. Since 2000, there have been two official major political parties: The Cayman Democratic Party (CDP) and the People's Progressive Movement (PPM). While there has been a shift to political parties, many contending for office still run as independents. The two parties are notably similar, though they consider each other rivals in most cases, their differences are generally in personality and implementation rather than actual policy. The Cayman Islands currently lacks any real liberal or progressive representation in the Legislative Assembly or in the form of organized political parties.[citation needed] Defence and law enforcement[edit] The defence of the Cayman Islands is the responsibility of the United Kingdom. Law enforcement in the country is provided chiefly by the Royal Cayman Islands Police Service and the Cayman Islands Customs Department. These two agencies co-operate in aspects of law enforcement, including their joint marine unit. The Cayman Islands Cadet Corps was formed in March 2001 and carries out military-type training with teenage citizens of the country. As of 2017 the PPM led Coalition government have pledged to form a Coast Guard to protect the interests of the Islands, especially in terms of illegal immigration and illegal drug importation. Taxation[edit] No direct taxation is imposed on residents and Cayman Islands companies. The government receives the majority of its income from indirect taxation. Duty is levied against most imported goods, which is typically in the range of 22% to 25%. Some items are exempted, such as baby formula, books, cameras and certain items are taxed at 5%. Duty on automobiles depends on their value. The duty can amount to 29.5% up to $20,000.00 KYD CIF (cost, insurance and freight) and up to 42% over $30,000.00 KYD CIF for expensive models. The government charges flat licensing fees on financial institutions that operate in the islands and there are work permit fees on foreign labour. A 13% government tax is placed on all tourist accommodations in addition to US$37.50 airport departure tax which is built into the cost of an airline ticket. There are no taxes on corporate profits, capital gains, or personal income. There are no estate or death inheritance taxes payable on Cayman Islands real estate or other assets held in the Cayman Islands.[96] Foreign relations[edit] Main article: Foreign relations of the Cayman Islands Postage stamp with portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, 1953 Foreign policy is controlled by the United Kingdom, as the islands remain an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Although in its early days, the Cayman Islands' most important relationships were with Britain and Jamaica, in recent years, as a result of economic dependence, a relationship with the United States has developed. Though the Cayman Islands is involved in no major international disputes, they have come under some criticism due to the use of their territory for narcotics trafficking and money laundering. In an attempt to address this, the government entered into the Narcotics Agreement of 1984 and the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty of 1986 with the United States, to reduce the use of their facilities associated with these activities. In more recent years, they have stepped up the fight against money laundering, by limiting banking secrecy, introducing requirements for customer identification and record keeping, and requiring banks to co-operate with foreign investigators. Due to their status as an overseas territory of the UK, the Cayman Islands has no representation either in the United Nations or in most other international organisations. However, the Cayman Islands still participates in some international organisations, being an associate member of Caricom and UNESCO, and a member of a sub-bureau of Interpol.[97] Infrastructure[edit] Main article: Transport in the Cayman Islands Ports[edit] George Town is the port capital of Grand Cayman. There are no berthing facilities for cruise ships, but up to 4 cruise ships can anchor in designated anchorages. There are three cruise terminals in George Town, the North, South, and Royal Watler Terminals. The ride from the ship to the terminal is about 5 minutes.[98] Air transport[edit] See also: List of airports in the Cayman Islands Education[edit] Main article: Education in the Cayman Islands Primary and secondary schools[edit] Main article: List of schools in the Cayman Islands The Cayman Islands Education Department operates state schools. Caymanian children are entitled to free primary and secondary education. There are two public high schools on Grand Cayman, John Gray High School and Clifton Hunter High School, and one on Cayman Brac, Layman E. Scott High School. Various churches and private foundations operate several private schools. Colleges and universities[edit] St. Matthew's University campus The University College of the Cayman Islands has campuses on Grand Cayman and Cayman Brac and is the only government-run university on the Cayman Islands.[99] A hall at the University College of the Cayman Islands is named after Sir Vassel Johnson, who The Cayman Islands Financial Services Association credited as one of the founding fathers of the financial services sector in the Cayman Islands. Sir Vassel is also the only person to ever be knighted in any British Dependent Territory. http://www.gov.ky/portal/page/portal/cighome/pressroom/archive/200811/governorstributetosirvassel The International College of the Cayman Islands is a private college in Grand Cayman. The college was established in 1970 and offers associate's, bachelor's and master's degree programmes.[100] Grand Cayman is also home to St. Matthew's University, which includes a medical school and a school of veterinary medicine.[101] The Cayman Islands Law School, a branch of the University of Liverpool, is based on Grand Cayman.[102]The Cayman Islands Civil Service College, a unit of Cayman Islands government organised under the Portfolio of the Civil Service, is in Grand Cayman. Co-situated with University College of the Cayman Islands, it offers both degree programs and continuing education units of various sorts. The college opened in 2007 and is also used as a government research centre. There is a University of the West Indies Open campus in the territory.[103] Health and public safety[edit] Healthcare[edit] There are four hospitals in the Cayman Islands. Grand Cayman is home to the private Health City Cayman Islands as well as the Chrissie Tomlinson Memorial Hospital. The public hospitals include the Cayman Islands Hospital (commonly known as the George Town Hospital); and Faith Hospital on Cayman Brac.[104]In 2007, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unit was installed at the Chrissie Tomlinson Memorial Hospital, replacing the one destroyed by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. In 2009, a stand-alone open MRI facility was opened. This centre provides MRI, CT, X-ray and DEXA (bone density) scanning. Also housed in this building is the Heart Health Centre, which provides ultrasound, nuclear medicine, echocardiography and cardiac stress testing.[105]For divers and others in need of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, there is a two-person recompression chamber at the Cayman Islands Hospital on Grand Cayman, run by Cayman Hyperbaric Services. Hyperbaric Services has also built a hyperbaric unit at Faith Hospital in Cayman Brac.[106][107]In 2003, the Cayman Islands became the first country in the world to mandate health insurance for all residents.[108] Emergency services[edit] The Royal Cayman Islands Police Service (RCIPS) provides law enforcement for the three islands. Regular off-shore marine and air patrols are conducted by the RCIP using a small fleet of vessels and a helicopter. Grand Cayman is a port of call for Britain's Royal Navy and the United States Coast Guard who often assist with sea rescues when their resources are in the Cayman Islands area. The Cayman Islands Fire Service provides fire prevention, fire fighting and rescue.[109] Its headquarters are in George Town and has substations in Frank Sound, West Bay, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman.[110] Emergency Medical Services are provided by paramedics and Emergency Medical Technicians using ambulances based in George Town, West Bay and North Side in Grand Cayman and in Cayman Brac. EMS is managed by the Government's Health Services Authority. Grand Cayman Island, from space Access to Emergency Services is available using 9-1-1, the Emergency telephone number, the same number as is used in Canada and the United States.[111] The Cayman Islands Department of Public Safety's Communications Centre processes 9-1-1 and non-emergency law enforcement, EMS, fire, and Search and Rescue calls for all three islands. The Communications Centre dispatches RCIP and EMS units directly, however, the Cayman Islands Fire Service maintains their own dispatch room at the airport fire station.[112] Health City Cayman Islands[edit] Main article: Health City Cayman Islands Sports[edit] Truman Bodden Sports Complex is a multi-use complex in George Town. The complex is separated into an outdoor, six-lane 25-metre (82 ft) swimming pool, full purpose track and field and basketball/netball courts. The field surrounded by the track is used for association football matches as well as other field sports. The track stadium holds 3,000 people. Association football is the national and most popular sport, with the Cayman Islands national football team representing the Cayman Islands in FIFA.[citation needed]The Cayman Islands Basketball Federation joined the international basketball governing body FIBA in 1976.[113] The country's national team attended the official 2011 Caribbean Basketball Championship for the first time. Rugby union is a developing sport, and has its own national men's team, women's team, and Sevens team. The Cayman Men's Rugby 7s team is second in the region after the 2011 NACRA 7s Championship. The Cayman Islands is a member of FIFA, the International Olympic Committee and the Pan American Sports Organisation, and also competes in the biennial Island Games.[114]The Cayman Islands is a member of the International Cricket Council which they joined in 1997 as an Affiliate, before coming an Associate member in 2002. The Cayman Islands national cricket team represents the islands in international cricket. The team has previously played the sport at first-class, List A and Twenty20 level. It competes in Division Five of the World Cricket League.[115]Squash is popular in the Cayman Islands with a vibrant community of mostly ex-pats playing out of the 7 court South Sound Squash Club. In addition, the women's professional squash association hosts one of their major events each year in an all glass court being set up in Camana Bay. In December 2012, the former Cayman Open will be replaced by the Women's World Championships, the largest tournament in the world. The top Cayman men's player, Cameron Stafford is No. 2 in the Caribbean and ranked top 200 on the men's professional circuit. Flag football (CIFFA) has men's, women's and co-ed leagues. Other organised sports leagues include softball, beach volleyball, Gaelic football and ultimate frisbee. The Cayman Islands Olympic Committee was founded in 1973 and was recognised by the IOC (International Olympic Committee) in 1976. In the 21st century, skateboarding has become popular among the youth.[citation needed]In February 2010, the first purpose built track for kart racing in the Cayman Islands was opened.[116] Corporate karting Leagues at the track have involved widespread participation with 20 local companies and 227 drivers taking part in the 2010 Summer Corporate Karting League.[117] Music[edit] Main article: Music of the Cayman Islands The Cayman National Cultural Foundation manages the F.J. Harquail Cultural Centre and the US$4 million Harquail Theatre. The Cayman National Cultural Foundation, established in 1984, helps to preserve and promote Cayman folk music, including the organisation of festivals such as Cayman Islands International Storytelling Festival, the Cayman JazzFest, Seafarers Festival and Cayfest.[118] The jazz, calypso and reggae genres of music styles feature prominently in Cayman music as celebrated cultural influences.[119] Many of Cayman-inspired pop songs belong to these forms of music styles. Media[edit] There is one print newspaper currently in circulation throughout the islands: the Cayman Compass. There are numerous online news services including Cayman News Service and the Cayman Compass online edition. A local television station, CITN – Cayman 27, shows Cayman Islands news.[120]Local radio stations are broadcast throughout the islands. Feature films that have been filmed in the Cayman Islands include: The Firm, Haven, Cayman Went[121] and Zombie Driftwood.[122] Notable Caymanians[edit] Truman Bodden, politician Gladwyn K. Bush, folk artist McKeeva Bush, politician Marc Chin, cricketer William Warren Conolly, politician and national hero Kenneth Dart, businessman Selita Ebanks, fashion model Frank E. Flowers, filmmaker, director and screenwriter Marshall Forbes, footballer Ronald Forbes, Olympic athlete Brett Fraser, Olympic athlete Shaune Fraser, Olympic athlete Grace Gealey, actress Jason Gilbert, record producer and songwriter Tigerlily Hill, fashion designer and stylist Sybil Joyce Hylton, national hero Kemar Hyman, Olympic athlete Thomas Jefferson, politician Edison Mclean, first Caymanian gold medalist in Olympic skeet, Island Games[123] Cydonie Mothersille, track and field athlete and Olympian Edna Moyle, former Speaker of the House Bernard K. Passman, jeweller, founded his business on Grand Cayman in 1975 Lee Ramoon, footballer Frank Schilling, internet investor Cameron Stafford, 2010 Caribbean Junior Squash Champion Kareem Streete-Thompson, Olympic athlete Tanya Streeter, free-diver Kurt Tibbetts, politician Dow Travers, Olympic athlete Jeffrey Webb, former CONCACAF president and FIFA vice president Michael Wight, cricketer Mary Evelyn Wood, national hero Leila Yates, nurse See also[edit] Caribbean portal United Kingdom portal Outline of Cayman Islands Index of Cayman Islands-related articles Notes[edit] ^ Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office with responsibility for the British Overseas Territories. References[edit] ^ Psalms 24:2 ^ "Background Note: Cayman Islands". State.gov. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "Commonwealth Secretariat – Cayman Islands". Thecommonwealth.org. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ a b c d Cayman Islands. CIA World Factbook. ^ a b c Cayman Islands. Data.un.org. Retrieved on 26 April 2017. ^ a b United Nations Statistics Division. Unstats.un.org. Retrieved on 26 April 2017. ^ a b "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.  ^ Rogoff, Natasha Lance (19 February 2004). "Tax me if you can. Haven or Havoc?". pbs.org.  ^ Bauman, Robert (2007) The Complete Guide to Offshore Residency. p. 115. ISBN 0-9789210-9-7. ^ Bauman, Robert (2007) The Complete Guide to Offshore Residency. p. 117. ISBN 0-9789210-9-7. ^ Keith Thompson, Life in The Caribbean (2010, ISBN 9987-16-015-8), p. 152 ^ "Cayman Islands History". Gocayman.ky. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008.  ^ The Cayman Islands Annual Report 1988 (Cayman Islands, 1988), p. 127 ^ Newman, Graeme R. (2010) Crime and Punishment Around the World: Africa and the Middle East. p. 82. ISBN 0-313-35133-3. ^ Wood, Lawson (2007) The Cayman Islands. p. 12. ISBN 1-84537-897-0. ^ Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso, (1914). Lexografía Antillana. El Siglo XX Press, Havana.  ^ a b Biswas, Rajiv (2002) International Tax Competition: A Developing Country Perspective. Commonwealth Secretariat. p. 38. ISBN 0-85092-688-2. ^ "Hurricane Ivan Remembered". Hazard Management Cayman Islands. Retrieved 26 July 2012.  ^ Thompson, Keith (2010) Caribbean Islands: The Land and the People. p. 152. ISBN 9987-16-018-2. ^ "Grand Cayman's history with tropical systems". hurricanecity.com. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "Publications".  ^ Bush, Phillippe G. Grand Cayman, British West Indies. UNESCO Coastal region and small island papers 3. ^ "Coordinates + total distance". web page. mapcrow. Retrieved 23 October 2011.  ^ "Quintana Roo to Cayman Islands". web page. distancesto. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "Distance from Cayman Islands to Cuba". web page. distancefromto.net/. 2011. 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(2008) Butterflies of the Cayman Islands. Apollo Books, Stenstrup. ISBN 978-87-88757-85-9. ^ Grand Cayman Blue Iguana takes step back from extinction Archived 11 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. IUCN (20 October 2012). Retrieved on 12 April 2014. ^ Cyclura lewisi, IUCN Red List. "Red List of Threatened Species". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 26 June 2018.  ^ "When to Go in Cayman Islands | Frommer's". www.frommers.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.  ^ Boxall, Simon (9 September 2008). "Hurricane Ivan Remembered – Cayman Prepared". gov.ky. Retrieved 22 April 2012.  ^ "Regions and territories: Cayman Islands". BBC News. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "The Jewish Community of Cayman Islands". Retrieved 26 February 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ "The Cayman Islands 2016 Compendium of Statistics" (PDF). Economics and Statistics Office. 7 February 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ Jack, Stuart. "Governor's Tribute to Sir Vassel". Cayman Islands Government. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.  ^ "CIA – The World Factbook – Rank Order – GDP – per capita (PPP)". Retrieved 25 April 2018.  ^ "Moving to Grand Cayman". CaymanNewResident.com. Retrieved 21 July 2014.  ^ "The reality of Poverty In Cayman". Cayman Reporter. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2016.  ^ "A Bill for a Law to Increase Various Duties Under the Customs Tariff Law (2002 Revision); to Increase the Rates of Package Tax; And for Incidental and Connected Purposes" (PDF). Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly. 7 December 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2018.  ^ "Government announces expat tax Pension contributions involved". Caymanian Compass. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.  ^ Hyslop, Leah (10 August 2012) Cayman Islands scrap expat tax. The Daily Telegraph. ^ Seven Mile Beach | Grand Cayman, Caribbean Vacation | Cayman Islands. Caymanislands.ky. Retrieved on 12 April 2014. ^ Pedro St. James | Grand Cayman, Grand Cayman Island | Cayman Islands. Caymanislands.ky. Retrieved on 12 April 2014. ^ "This week's dream: diving and lazing on Little Cayman", (29 November 2008) The Week p. 39, Dennis Publishers, UK ^ Harper, Skip (2001). Adventuring in Cayman Brac. Fort Collins, Colorado, USA: Head and Toe Publishers. ISBN 978-0-9640645-2-2.  ^ Stingray City | Grand Cayman, Grand Cayman Vacation | Cayman Islands. Caymanislands.ky. Retrieved on 12 April 2014. ^ Tim Rock, Lonely Planet Diving & Snorkeling Cayman Islands (2nd edn, 2007, ISBN 1-74059-897-0), p. 99 ^ Kittiwake | Cayman Dive, Cayman Islands Vacation | Cayman Islands. Caymanislands.ky (5 January 2011). Retrieved on 12 April 2014. ^ "piratesweek". piratesweek.  ^ "National Trust For the Cayman islands". Nationaltrust.org.ky. 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Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "EMERGENCIES" (PDF). Travel.State.Gov U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE — BUREAU OF CONSULAR AFFAIRS. 29 July 2018.  ^ "What We Do". www.gov.ky. Retrieved 2018-07-29.  ^ FIBA National Federations – Cayman Islands, fiba.com, accessed 28 October 2015. ^ "NatWest Island Games XVI Jersey 2015 Results – Sports – Swimming – Men's 200m Individual Medley". jersey2015results.com.  ^ "International Cricket Council: Cayman Islands". Icc-cricket.yahoo.net. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.  ^ "Go-karting track up to speed", Caymanian Compass, 23 February 2010 ^ "Parker's eased into top gear", Caymanian Compass, 24 September 2010. ^ CNCF. "Cayman Festival and Events | Cultural Schedule". www.artscayman.org. Retrieved 2018-02-04.  ^ Cayman Islands, Online Radio. "Pop music from Cayman Islands". Online Radio Box. Retrieved 21 June 2018.  ^ "Cayman27".  ^ Quinnie110 (5 June 2009). "Cayman Went (2009)". IMDb.  ^ i-obi. "Zombie Driftwood (2010)". IMDb.  ^ Island Games Results Isle of Wight 2011 | Sports | Shooting | Olympic Skeet Individual – Men. Natwestiowresults2011.com. Retrieved on 12 April 2014. Further reading[edit] Boultbee, Paul G. (1996). Cayman Islands. Oxford: ABC-Clio Press. ISBN 9781851092406. OCLC 35170772.  "History of the Cayman Islands". Caribbean Magazine.  "Cayman Islands". 2005 CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 4 July 2005.  Originally from the CIA World Factbook 2000. Michael Craton and the New History Committee (2003). Founded upon the Seas: A History of the Cayman Islands and Their People. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers. ISBN 0-9729358-3-5.  "Non-Self-Governing Territories listed by General Assembly in 2002". United Nations Special Committee of 24 on Decolonization. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2005. External links[edit] Find more aboutCayman Islandsat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cayman Islands. "Cayman Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). 1911.  Cayman Islands Government Cayman Islands Department of Tourism Cayman Islands Travel Guide Wikimedia Atlas of Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Film Commission "Cayman Islands". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.  Cayman Islands[permanent dead link] from UCB Libraries GovPubs. Cayman Islands at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Cayman National Cultural FoundationvteCayman Islands articlesHistory Slavery PiracyGeography Climate Islands Grand Cayman Cayman Brac Little Cayman Towns and villages WildlifeEducationStateSchools John Gray HS Clifton Hunter HS Layman E. 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StatesIn part Colombia San Andrés and Providencia France Guadeloupe Martinique Caribbean Netherlands Bonaire Saba Sint EustatiusDependenciesDenmark GreenlandFrance Clipperton Island St. Barthélemy St. Martin St. Pierre and MiquelonNetherlands Aruba Curaçao Sint MaartenUnited Kingdom Anguilla Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Montserrat Turks and Caicos IslandsUnited States Navassa Island Puerto Rico United States Virgin IslandsVenezuela Federal Dependencies Nueva Esparta International membershipvteCaribbean Community (CARICOM)Secretariat (Secretary-General)Members Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas1 Barbados Belize Dominica Grenada Guyana Haiti1 Jamaica Montserrat2 St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and TobagoAssociate members Anguilla Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Turks and Caicos IslandsObservers Aruba Colombia Curaçao Dominican Republic Mexico Puerto Rico Sint Maarten VenezuelaInstitutions Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) Court of Justice (CCJ) Disaster Emergency Management (CDEMA) Examinations Council (CXC) Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology Public Health Agency (CARPHA) Single Market and Economy (CSME)Related organizations CARIFORUM Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) 1 Member of the Community but not of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) 2British overseas territory awaiting entrustment to join the CSME UK territoriesvte Countries, territories and dependencies of the United KingdomConstituent countries England Northern Ireland Scotland WalesOverseas territories Akrotiri and Dhekelia1 Anguilla Bermuda British Antarctic Territory2 British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Falkland Islands Gibraltar Montserrat Pitcairn Islands Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Turks and Caicos IslandsCrown dependencies Bailiwick of Guernsey Guernsey Alderney Sark Isle of Man JerseyFormer colonies List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom1Sovereign Base Areas.   2 Partial suspension of sovereignty due to the Antarctic Treaty. vteOutlying territories of European countriesTerritories under European sovereignty but closer to or on continents other than Europe (see inclusion criteria for further information).Denmark GreenlandFrance Clipperton Island French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern and Antarctic Lands Adélie Land Crozet Islands Île Amsterdam Île Saint-Paul Kerguelen Islands Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte New Caledonia Réunion Saint Barthélemy Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Wallis and FutunaItaly Pantelleria Pelagie Islands Lampedusa Lampione LinosaNetherlands Aruba Caribbean Netherlands Bonaire Saba Sint Eustatius Curaçao Sint MaartenNorway Bouvet Island Peter I Island Queen Maud LandPortugal Azores MadeiraSpain Canary Islands Ceuta Melilla Plazas de soberanía Chafarinas Islands Alhucemas Islands Peñón de Vélez de la GomeraUnited Kingdom Anguilla Bermuda British Antarctic Territory British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Falkland Islands Montserrat Pitcairn Islands Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Turks and Caicos Islands vteBritish Empire Legend Current territory Former territory * Now a Commonwealth realm Now a member of the Commonwealth of Nations Historical flags of the British EmpireEurope 1542–1800 Ireland (integrated into UK) 1708–1757, 1763–1782 and 1798–1802 Minorca Since 1713 Gibraltar 1800–1813 Malta (Protectorate) 1813–1964 Malta (Colony) 1807–1890 Heligoland 1809–1864 Ionian Islands 1878–1960 Cyprus 1921–1937 Irish Free StateNorth America17th century and before18th century19th and 20th century 1579 New Albion 1583–1907 Newfoundland 1605–1979 *Saint Lucia 1607–1776 Virginia Since 1619 Bermuda 1620–1691 Plymouth 1623–1883 Saint Kitts 1624–1966 *Barbados 1625–1650 Saint Croix 1627–1979 *Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1628–1883 Nevis 1629–1691 Massachusetts Bay 1632–1776 Maryland since 1632 Montserrat 1632–1860 Antigua 1635–1644 Saybrook 1636–1776 Connecticut 1636–1776 Rhode Island 1637–1662 New Haven 1643–1860 Bay Islands Since 1650 Anguilla 1655–1850 Mosquito Coast 1655–1962 *Jamaica 1663–1712 Carolina 1664–1776 New York 1665–1674 and 1702–1776 New Jersey Since 1666 Virgin Islands Since 1670 Cayman Islands 1670–1973 *Bahamas 1670–1870 Rupert's Land 1671–1816 Leeward Islands 1674–1702 East Jersey 1674–1702 West Jersey 1680–1776 New Hampshire 1681–1776 Pennsylvania 1686–1689 New England 1691–1776 Massachusetts Bay 1701–1776 Delaware 1712–1776 North Carolina 1712–1776 South Carolina 1713–1867 Nova Scotia 1733–1776 Georgia 1754–1820 Cape Breton Island 1762–1974 *Grenada 1763–1978 Dominica 1763–1873 Prince Edward Island 1763–1791 Quebec 1763–1783 East Florida 1763–1783 West Florida 1784–1867 New Brunswick 1791–1841 Lower Canada 1791–1841 Upper Canada Since 1799 Turks and Caicos Islands 1818–1846 Columbia District/Oregon Country1 1833–1960 Windward Islands 1833–1960 Leeward Islands 1841–1867 Canada 1849–1866 Vancouver Island 1853–1863 Queen Charlotte Islands 1858–1866 British Columbia 1859–1870 North-Western Territory 1860–1981 *British Antigua and Barbuda 1862–1863 Stickeen 1866–1871 British Columbia 1867–1931 *Dominion of Canada2 1871–1964 Honduras 1882–1983 *Saint Kitts and Nevis 1889–1962 Trinidad and Tobago 1907–1949 Newfoundland3 1958–1962 West Indies Federation 1. Occupied jointly with the United States. 2. In 1931, Canada and other British dominions obtained self-government through the Statute of Westminster. See Name of Canada. 3. Gave up self-rule in 1934, but remained a de jure Dominion until it joined Canada in 1949.South America 1631–1641 Providence Island 1651–1667 Willoughbyland 1670–1688 Saint Andrew and Providence Islands4 1831–1966 Guiana Since 1833 Falkland Islands5 Since 1908 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands5 4. Now a department of Colombia. 5. Occupied by Argentina during the Falklands War of April–June 1982.Africa17th and 18th centuries19th century20th century Since 1658 Saint Helena14 1792–1961 Sierra Leone 1795–1803 Cape Colony Since 1815 Ascension Island14 Since 1816 Tristan da Cunha14 1806–1910 Cape of Good Hope 1807–1808 Madeira 1810–1968 Mauritius 1816–1965 The Gambia 1856–1910 Natal 1862–1906 Lagos 1868–1966 Basutoland 1874–1957 Gold Coast 1882–1922 Egypt 1884–1900 Niger Coast 1884–1966 Bechuanaland 1884–1960 Somaliland 1887–1897 Zululand 1890–1962 Uganda 1890–1963 Zanzibar 1891–1964 Nyasaland 1891–1907 Central Africa 1893–1968 Swaziland 1895–1920 East Africa 1899–1956 Sudan 1900–1914 Northern Nigeria 1900–1914 Southern Nigeria 1900–1910 Orange River 1900–1910 Transvaal 1903–1976 Seychelles 1910–1931 South Africa 1914–1960 Nigeria 1915–1931 South-West Africa 1919–1961 Cameroons6 1920–1963 Kenya 1922–1961 Tanganyika6 1923–1965 and 1979–1980 Southern Rhodesia7 1924–1964 Northern Rhodesia 6. League of Nations mandate. 7. Self-governing Southern Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence in 1965 (as Rhodesia) and continued as an unrecognised state until the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement. After recognised independence in 1980, Zimbabwe was a member of the Commonwealth until it withdrew in 2003.Asia17th and 18th century19th century20th century 1685–1824 Bencoolen 1702–1705 Pulo Condore 1757–1947 Bengal 1762–1764 Manila and Cavite 1781–1784 and 1795–1819 Padang 1786–1946 Penang 1795–1948 Ceylon 1796–1965 Maldives 1811–1816 Java 1812–1824 Banka and Billiton 1819–1826 Malaya 1824–1948 Burma 1826–1946 Straits Settlements 1839–1967 Aden 1839–1842 Afghanistan 1841–1997 Hong Kong 1841–1946 Sarawak 1848–1946 Labuan 1858–1947 India 1874–1963 Borneo 1879–1919 Afghanistan (protectorate) 1882–1963 North Borneo 1885–1946 Unfederated Malay States 1888–1984 Brunei 1891–1971 Muscat and Oman 1892–1971 Trucial States 1895–1946 Federated Malay States 1898–1930 Weihai 1878–1960 Cyprus 1907–1949 Bhutan (protectorate) 1918–1961 Kuwait 1920–1932 Mesopotamia8 1921–1946 Transjordan8 1923–1948 Palestine8 1945–1946 South Vietnam 1946–1963 North Borneo 1946–1963 Sarawak 1946–1963 Singapore 1946–1948 Malayan Union 1948–1957 Federation of Malaya Since 1960 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (before as part of Cyprus) Since 1965 British Indian Ocean Territory (before as part of Mauritius and the Seychelles)8 League of Nations mandate. Iraq's mandate was not enacted and replaced by the Anglo-Iraqi TreatyOceania18th and 19th centuries20th century 1788–1901 New South Wales 1803–1901 Van Diemen's Land/Tasmania 1807–1863 Auckland Islands9 1824–1980 New Hebrides 1824–1901 Queensland 1829–1901 Swan River/Western Australia 1836–1901 South Australia since 1838 Pitcairn Islands 1841–1907 New Zealand 1851–1901 Victoria 1874–1970 Fiji 1877–1976 Western Pacific Territories 1884–1949 Papua 1888–1901 Rarotonga/Cook Islands9 1889–1948 Union Islands9 1892–1979 Gilbert and Ellice Islands11 1893–1978 Solomon Islands12 1900–1970 Tonga 1900–1974 Niue9 1901–1942 *Australia 1907–1947 *New Zealand 1919–1942 and 1945–1968 Nauru 1919–1949 New Guinea 1949–1975 Papua and New Guinea13 9. Now part of the *Realm of New Zealand. 10. Suspended member. 11. Now Kiribati and *Tuvalu. 12. Now the *Solomon Islands. 13. Now *Papua New Guinea.Antarctica and South Atlantic Since 1658 Saint Helena14 Since 1815 Ascension Island14 Since 1816 Tristan da Cunha14 Since 1908 British Antarctic Territory15 1841–1933 Australian Antarctic Territory (transferred to the Commonwealth of Australia) 1841–1947 Ross Dependency (transferred to the Realm of New Zealand) 14. Since 2009 part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Ascension Island (1922–) and Tristan da Cunha (1938–) were previously dependencies of Saint Helena. 15. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). vteDialects and accents of Modern English by continentEuropeUnited KingdomEnglandVarieties by common name Barrovian Black Country Brummie Bristolian Cheshire Cockney "Mockney" Cornish Cumbrian East Anglian East Midlands Essex Estuary Geordie Kentish Lancastrian Mackem Mancunian Multicultural London Norfolk Northern Pitmatic Potteries Received Pronunciation Scouse Southern Suffolk Sussex West Country "Mummerset" West Midlands YorkshireVarieties by geographic location East of England Essex Norfolk Suffolk East Midlands North Cheshire Cumbria Barrow Lancashire Manchester Merseyside Northumbria Sunderland Tyneside Pitmatic Yorkshire South Kent London Cockney Multicultural London Sussex Thames Estuary West Country Bristol Cornwall Dorset West Midlands Black Country Birmingham Stoke-on-TrentScotland & Northern Ireland Scottish HighlandsWales Abercraf Cardiff Gower Port TalbotIreland Dublin South & West UlsterElsewhere Channel Islands Gibraltar Isle of Man MaltaNorth and South AmericaUnited StatesVarieties by common name African American Vernacular Appalachian Baltimorese Boston Cajun California Chicago; Detroit; Great Lakes Chicano General American Hoi Toider Indian; Native American Maine Miami Midland Midwestern New England New Mexican New York Old Southern Northwestern Philadelphia Pennsylvania Dutch Pittsburghese Rhode Island Southern Texan Upper Midwestern Western Vermont Yat Yeshivish YooperVarieties by geographic location Delaware Valley; Mid-Atlantic Pennsylvania Dutch Philadelphia; South Jersey Baltimore Midland Midwest Great Lakes; Inland North Upper Midwest Upper Peninsula of Michigan New England Boston Maine Rhode Island Vermont New York City; Northeastern New Jersey New York Latino North South Acadiana Appalachia Chesapeake; Pamlico Miami New Orleans Tangier Texas West California New Mexico Pacific Northwest Western PennsylvaniaCanada Aboriginal Atlantic Cape Breton Newfoundland Lunenburg Standard Ottawa Valley Pacific Northwest QuebecCaribbean Bahamas Barbados Dominican Republic Jamaica Puerto Rico TrinidadElsewhere Bermuda Falkland Islands GuyanaOceaniaAustralia Aboriginal Broad; Strine General South Australian Torres Strait West AustralianElsewhere Fiji New Zealand Palau Solomon IslandsOther continentsAfrica Cameroon Ghana Kenya Liberia Malawi Namibia Nigeria Sierra Leone South Africa White Cultivated General Broad Cape Flats Black Indian UgandaAsia Bangladesh Brunei Burma or Myanmar Hong Kong India Malaysia Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka vteEnglish-speaking world Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region Further linksArticles English-speaking world History of the English language British Empire English in the Commonwealth of Nations AnglosphereLists List of countries by English-speaking population List of countries where English is an official language  Countries and territories where English is the national language or the native language of the majorityAfrica Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaAmericas Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda The Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Dominica Falkland Islands Grenada Guyana Jamaica Montserrat Saba Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sint Eustatius Sint Maarten South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Virgin IslandsEurope Guernsey Ireland Isle of Man Jersey United KingdomOceania Australia New Zealand Norfolk Island Pitcairn Islands  Countries and territories where English is an official language, but not the majority first languageAfrica Botswana Cameroon The Gambia Ghana Kenya Lesotho Liberia Malawi Mauritius Namibia Nigeria Rwanda Sierra Leone Somaliland South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Uganda Zambia ZimbabweAmericas Puerto RicoAsia Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hong Kong Special Administrative Region India Pakistan Philippines SingaporeEurope Gibraltar Akrotiri and Dhekelia MaltaOceania American Samoa Cook Islands Fiji Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tokelau Tuvalu VanuatuDependencies shown in italics. Authority control WorldCat Identities GND: 4310479-4 LCCN: n80098315 NARA: 10044899 NDL: 01115563 VIAF: 141893470 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cayman_Islands&oldid=855218827" Categories: Cayman Islands1962 establishments in North AmericaBritish Overseas TerritoriesCountries in the CaribbeanDependent territories in North AmericaEnglish-speaking countries and territoriesFormer English coloniesGreater AntillesSpecial territories of the European UnionStates and territories established in 1962Offshore financeTax avoidanceTax investigationHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksAll articles with dead external linksArticles with dead external links from December 2017Articles with permanently dead external linksWebarchive template other archivesWikipedia indefinitely move-protected pagesWikipedia introduction cleanup from April 2016All pages needing cleanupArticles covered by WikiProject Wikify from April 2016All articles covered by WikiProject WikifyUse British English from December 2012Use dmy dates from April 2017Coordinates on WikidataAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from August 2018Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2007All articles containing potentially dated statementsArticles with unsourced statements from July 2011Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource referenceArticles with dead external links from July 2018Articles with Curlie linksWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with NARA identifiersWikipedia articles with NDL identifiersWikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikivoyage Languages AfrikaansAkanAlemannischአማርኛÆngliscالعربيةAragonésArpetanAsturianuAzərbaycancaتۆرکجهBân-lâm-gúБашҡортсаБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎БългарскиBosanskiBrezhonegCatalàCebuanoČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschދިވެހިބަސްDolnoserbskiEestiΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoEstremeñuEuskaraفارسیFøroysktFrançaisGagauzGalego客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî한국어Հայերենहिन्दीHrvatskiIdoবিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরীBahasa IndonesiaИронÍslenskaItalianoעבריתBasa Jawaಕನ್ನಡქართულიҚазақшаKernowekKinyarwandaKiswahiliKreyòl ayisyenKurdîКырык марыLatinaLatviešuLëtzebuergeschLietuviųLigureLimburgsMagyarМакедонскиമലയാളംमराठीمصرىBahasa MelayuMìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄Nederlands日本語НохчийнNordfriiskNorskNorsk nynorskNovialOccitanଓଡ଼ିଆOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀپنجابیPatoisPiemontèisPlattdüütschPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийScotsShqipSicilianuSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaکوردیСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиBasa SundaSuomiSvenskaTagalogதமிழ்Татарча/tatarçaไทยTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوئۇيغۇرچە / UyghurcheTiếng ViệtWinaray吴语ייִדישYorùbá粵語中文Lingua Franca Nova Edit links This page was last edited on 16 August 2018, at 19:04 (UTC). 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For more information about cayman islands check the Wikipedia article here

ZME Science posts about cayman islands

4 Great Caribbean Destinations

Fri, Mar 30, 2012

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