Climbing - Wikipedia Climbing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Activity to ascend a steep object This article is about human climbing. For climbing in other animals, see Arboreal locomotion. For other uses, see Climbing (disambiguation). This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Part of a series onClimbing Background Golden age of alpinism History of rock climbing Types Aid Big wall Bouldering Buildering Competition Crack Deep water solo Face Free Free solo Ice Indoor Lead Mixed Mountain Rock Rope Roped solo Slab Solo Speed Sport Top rope Trad Tree Lists Climbers Equipment Knots Terminology First ascents First free ascents Terms Abseiling Belaying Grades Gear Belay device Dynamic rope Harness Protection Shoes Helmet vte Climber on Mount Fitz Roy, Argentina. Rock climbers on Valkyrie at The Roaches in Staffordshire, England. A competitor in a rope climbing event, at Lyon's Part-Dieu shopping centre. An ice climber using ice axes and crampons. Climbing is the activity of using one's hands, feet, or any other part of the body to ascend a steep topographical object. It is done for locomotion, recreation and competition, and within trades that rely on ascension; such as emergency rescue and military operations. It is done indoors and out, on natural and man-made structures. Professional mountain guides or rock climbing guides, such as members of the IFMGA, have been known to be a historically significant element of developing the popularity of the sport in the natural environment, and remain so today. Contents 1 Types 2 Film 3 See also 4 References 5 External links Types[edit] Climbing activities include: Bouldering: Ascending boulders or small outcrops, often with climbing shoes and a chalk bag or bucket. Usually, instead of using a safety rope from above, injury is avoided using a crash pad and a human spotter (to direct a falling climber on to the pad. They can also give beta, or advice) Buildering: Ascending the exterior skeletons of buildings, typically without protective equipment. Canyoneering: Climbing along canyons for sport or recreation. Chalk climbing: Ascending chalk cliffs uses some of the same techniques as ice climbing. Competition climbing: A formal, competitive sport of recent origins, normally practiced on artificial walls that resemble natural formations. The International Federation of Sport Climbing (IFSC) is the official organization governing competition rock climbing worldwide and is recognized by the IOC and GAISF and is a member of the International World Games Association (IWGA). The UIAA is the official organization governing competition ice climbing worldwide. Competition climbing has three major disciplines: Lead, Bouldering and Speed. Free Climbing: a form of rock climbing in which the climber uses climbing equipment such as ropes and other means of climbing protection, but only to protect against injury during falls and not to assist progress. Ice climbing: Ascending ice or hard snow formations using special equipment, usually ice axes and crampons. Techniques of protecting the climber are similar to those of rock climbing, with protective devices (such as ice screws and snow wedges) adapted to frozen conditions. Indoor climbing: Top roping, lead climbing, and bouldering artificial walls with bolted holds in a climbing gym. Ladder climbing: Climbing ladders for exercise. This may involve climbing up and down the underside of a ladder, or along a horizontally aligned ladder or 'monkey bars'. The ladder may be climbed going forwards, backwards, or sideways. Lumberjack tree-trimming and competitive tree-trunk or pole climbing for speed using spikes and belts. Mallakhamba: A traditional Indian sport which combines climbing a pole or rope with the performance of aerial Yoga and gymnastics. Mountaineering: Ascending mountains for sport or recreation. It often involves rock and/or ice climbing (Alpine climbing). Pole climbing: Climbing poles and masts without equipment. Rock climbing: Ascending rock formations, often using climbing shoes and a chalk bag. Equipment such as ropes, bolts, nuts, hexes and camming devices are normally employed, either as a safeguard or for artificial aid. Rope access: Industrial climbing, usually abseiling, as an alternative to scaffolding for short works on exposed structures. Rope climbing: Climbing a short, thick rope for speed. Not to be confused with roped climbing, as in rock or ice climbing. Scrambling which includes easy rock climbing, and is considered part of hillwalking. Sport climbing is a form of rock climbing that relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, and possibly bolts, for protection, (in contrast with traditional climbing, where the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchors and bolts, and where climbers must place removable protection as they climb). Top roping: Ascending a rock climbing route protected by a rope anchored at the top and protected by a belayer below Traditional climbing (more casually known as Trad climbing) is a form of climbing without fixed anchors and bolts. Climbers place removable protection such as camming devices, nuts, and other passive and active protection that holds the rope to the rock (via the use of carabiners and webbing/slings) in the event of a fall and/or when weighted by a climber. Solo climbing: Solo climbing or soloing is a style of climbing in which the climber climbs alone, without somebody belaying them. When free soloing, an error usually is fatal as no belay systems are being used. Soloing can also be self-belayed, hence minimizing the risks. Tree climbing: Recreationally ascending trees using ropes and other protective equipment. A tower climber is a professional who climbs broadcasting or telecommunication towers or masts for maintenance or repair.Rock, ice and tree climbing all usually utilize ropes for safety or aid. Pole climbing and rope climbing were among the first exercises to be included in the origins of modern gymnastics in the late 18th century and early 19th century. Film[edit] Main article: Mountain film Climbing has been the subject of both film and documentary film with notable examples being Touching the Void (film), Everest and Free Solo. See also[edit] Aid climbing Clean climbing Climbing clubs Climbing wall Climbing equipment Climbing organizations Fall factor List of climbers – notable rock and ice climbers List of climbing topics Glossary of climbing terms Glossary of knots common in climbing Outdoor education Outdoor activity Running belay Parkour Scrambling Speed climbingReferences[edit] External links[edit] Climbing at Curlie Climbing portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to Climbing.vteClimbingTypes Aid Bouldering Clean Competition Crack Deep-water solo Direttissima Face Free Free solo Grass Ice Indoor Lead Rock Mixed Mountaineering Slab Speed Sport Top rope Trad TreeLists Alpine clubs Climbers Deaths on eight-thousanders Equipment Everest deaths First ascents Knots Mount Hood incidents TerminologyTerminology Abseiling Alpenstock Anchor Approach shoe Ascender Bachar ladder Belay device Belaying Bolt Bouldering mat Cam Carabiner Crampons Dry-tooling Dynamic rope Exposure Fifi hook Grades Grade (bouldering) Harness Head for heights Mountaineering boot Hex Ice axe Ice screw Ice tool Nut Picket Pitch Piton Protection Quickdraw Self-locking device Shoes Sling Snow fluke Snow protection Snowshoe Spotting Sure-footedness Tricam WebbingMedia Climbing Rock & Ice Mountain filmCompanies Black Diamond CAMP Cascade Designs Early Winters Eastern Mountain Sports Five Ten Frostline Kits GERRY Mountain Sports Grivel Holubar Mountaineering JanSport Kelty La Sportiva Lowe Alpine Mammut Marmot Mountain Works Mountain Safety Research Mountain Equipment Co-op Sierra Designs The North Face Therm-a-Rest Outdoor Research Petzl Rab REI Wild CountryOrganizations Alpine Club Alpine Club of Canada American Alpine Club Appalachian Mountain Club Austrian Alpine Club Austrian Tourist Club Club Alpin Français Club Alpino Italiano Den Norske Turistforening Federación Española de Deportes de Montaña y Escalada Fédération française de la montagne et de l'escalade German Alpine Club International Federation of Sport Climbing International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation South African National Climbing Federation South Tyrol Alpine Club Swedish Tourist Association Swiss Alpine Club USA Climbing Portal Category Commons WikiProject vteAdventure travelTypes Accessible tourism Active travel Adjectival tourisms Adventure recreation Agritourism Backpacking (travel) Backpacking (wilderness) Bicycle touring Camping Climbing Cultural tourism Ecotourism Exploration Extreme tourism Freighthopping Glamping Hang gliding Hiking Hitchhiking Migrating Jungle tourism Kloofing Mountain biking Mountaineering Naked hiking Navigation Overlanding Paragliding Rafting River trekking Rogaining Safari Scuba diving Slum tourism Tramping Travel Trekking Ultralight backpacking Urban exploration Vagabonding Volunteer travel Wildlife tourism Zip-liningMiscellaneous Backpack Campsite Discovery Exploration Geocaching Geohashing Google Maps Gypsy Hiking equipment Hobo Hospitality service Interpersonal relationship Lifestyle travelling Naturism Nomad Perpetual traveler Polyphasic sleep Sattvic diet Schengen Area Sleeping bag Sleeping pad Social photography Squatting Street food Street people Swiss Army knife Ten Essentials Tramp Vagrancy Wanderlust vteExtreme and adventure sportsBoardsports Bellyboarding Bodyboarding Dirtsurfing Kite landboarding Kiteboarding Longboarding Mountainboarding River surfing Riverboarding Sandboarding Skateboarding Skimboarding Skysurfing Snowboarding Snowskating Street luging Surfing Wakeboarding WindsurfingMotorsports Drifting Motocross Rallying Snocross SupercrossWater sports Coasteering Freediving High diving Jet Skiing Scuba diving Cave diving Technical diving Snorkeling Water skiing Whitewater canoeing Whitewater kayaking Whitewater raftingClimbing Bouldering Canyoning Free solo climbing Ice climbing Mountaineering Rock climbing SkyrunningFalling BASE jumping Bungee jumping Cliff-diving Cliff jumping Parachuting (skydiving)Flying Air racing Gliding Hang gliding Paragliding 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