Eureka Tower - Wikipedia
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Eureka TowerEureka Tower, Southbank, Melbourne, as viewed from Rialto TowersRecord heightTallest in Melbourne since 2006[I]Preceded by120 Collins StreetGeneral informationStatusCompleteTypeResidential Apartment Building, Observation TowerArchitectural styleModernLocationSouthbank, Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaCoordinates37°49′18″S 144°57′52″E / 37.82167°S 144.96444°E / -37.82167; 144.96444Coordinates: 37°49′18″S 144°57′52″E / 37.82167°S 144.96444°E / -37.82167; 144.96444Construction startedAugust 2002CompletedOctober 2006CostU$415m in 2006HeightArchitectural297.3 metres (975 ft)Top floor292.3 metres (959 ft)Observatory282 metres (925 ft)Technical detailsFloor count91 plus 1 undergroundFloor area123,000 m2 (1,323,961 sq ft)Design and constructionArchitectFender KatsalidisDeveloperEureka Tower Pty LtdMain contractorGroconReferencesEureka Tower is a 297.3-metre (975 ft) skyscraper located in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Construction began in August 2002 and the exterior completed on 1 June 2006. The plaza was finished in June 2006 and the building was officially opened on 11 October 2006. The project was designed by Melbourne architectural firm Fender Katsalidis Architects and was built by Grocon (Grollo Australia). The developer of the tower was Eureka Tower Pty Ltd, a joint venture consisting of Daniel Grollo (Grocon), investor Tab Fried and one of the Tower's architects Nonda Katsalidis. It was the world's tallest residential tower when measured to its highest floor, until surpassed by Ocean Heights and the HHHR Tower in Dubai. It is the second tallest building in Australia, behind Q1, Queensland, and is the tallest to roof (excluding spire). As of 2016 it was the 15th tallest residential building in the world.
1 Design and features
2 Observation deck (Eureka Skydeck 88)
2.1 The Edge
2.2 Air plant experiment
3.1 Construction methods
4 Eureka Climb
6 See also
8 External links
Design and features
Open space outside the tower
Eureka Tower Residence Entrance
Eureka Tower is named after the Eureka Stockade, a rebellion during the Victorian gold rush in 1854. This has been incorporated into the design, with the building's gold crown representing the gold rush and a red stripe representing the blood spilt during the revolt. The blue glass cladding that covers most of the building represents the blue background of the stockade's flag and the white lines also represent the Eureka Stockade flag. The white horizontal stripes also represent markings on a surveyor's measuring staff.At the base of the tower is an art installation containing bees inside a white box, resembling a manmade beehive. There are two regular sized bees outside the box, and one queen bee on the top. The gold colour of the bees complements the gold at the top of the tower. The installation was created by Richard Stringer and Nonda Katsalidis, and was complete in December 2007.When measured either by the height of its roof, or by the height of its highest habitable floor, Eureka Tower was the tallest residential building in the world when completed. It is also currently the building with the most floors available for residential occupancy in the world. The building stands 297 metres (974 ft) in height, with 91 storeys above ground plus one basement level. It is one of only seven buildings in the world with 90 or more storeys and is the equal 77th tallest building in the world. It is also the second-tallest building in Australia and the tallest building in Melbourne. The single level basement and first 9 floors contain car parking. The building's proximity to the water table as well as the Yarra River made the construction of a basement car park uneconomical. In all, there are 84 floors of apartments (including some floors shared between car parking and apartments), with the remainder being used for building facilities and the observation deck.According to the ranking system developed by the U.S.-based Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, the Eureka Tower qualifies as the tallest building in three of the four categories in which heights are ranked, namely height to the floor of the highest occupied floor of the building. For comparison, the Q1 apartment tower on the Gold Coast has its highest habitable floor (the observation deck), reaching a height of 235 m (771 ft), some 62 m (203 ft) lower than Eureka Tower's highest habitable floor. Q1's highest penthouse apartment is 217 m (712 ft) whilst Eureka's penthouse is 278 m (912 ft) high. However, the spire attached to the top of Q1 exceeds the Eureka Tower in the other two categories, namely "Height to the tip of spire, pinnacle, antenna, mast or flag pole" – in this case, spire – and height to architectural top of the building.
13 lifts travelling up to 9 metres per second (30 ft/s)
52,000 square metres (560,000 sq ft) of windows
110,000 tonnes (110,000 long tons; 120,000 short tons) of concrete
5,000 tonnes (4,900 long tons; 5,500 short tons) of reinforced steel
Building weighs 200,000 tonnes (200,000 long tons; 220,000 short tons)Floors 82 to 87, marketed as Summit Levels, contain only one apartment per floor, each with an original price of A$7 million for the unfurnished floor space alone.The highest floors of the tower house an observation deck (level 88), restaurant (level 89), communications room and balcony (90) and water tanks (90 and 91). A system of pumps constantly moves water between the two 300,000 litre tanks to counteract wind-induced oscillations.
Observation deck (Eureka Skydeck 88)
The observation deck (Eureka Skydeck 88) occupies the entire 88th floor of the Eureka Tower and is the highest public vantage point in a building in the Southern Hemisphere at 285 m (935 ft). It opened to the public on 15 May 2007. An entry fee applies to access the Skydeck.
The Skydeck features thirty viewfinders that help visitors to pinpoint numerous significant landmarks around all parts of Melbourne, along with several free binoculars. There is a small outside area called The Terrace which is closed in high winds. There is also a glass cube called The Edge, which extends itself from the building to hang over the edge of the tower and add to the viewing experience.
On 10 January 2005, Grocon, the firm building Eureka Tower, proposed adding a 53.8 m (176.5 ft) communications mast/observation tower. The proposal is currently before the local planning commission. This mast would be a significant structure, used for providing an adventure climb to the tip of the summit.
On 16 April 2006, a new proposal was announced that the construction company and developers were considering options for the building to have a "skywalk" that would take daring people up 350 metres (1,150 ft) high. The proposed structure may also include a communications tower.
Skydeck 88 features The Edge – a glass cube which projects 3 m (10 ft) out from the building with visitors inside, suspended almost 300 m (984 ft) above the ground. When one enters, the glass is opaque as the cube moves out over the edge of the building. Once fully extended over the edge, the glass becomes clear.
Air plant experiment
From June 2013, Grant Harris, environmental scientist, Stu Jones structural engineer, and Lloyd Godman, an ecological artist, carried out an experiment by placing Tillandsia plants on four locations on the tower. Two different species were placed at four levels: 56, 65, 91, and on top at level 92. These plants grow with no soil or watering / nutrient system and on Eureka Tower were exposed to the elements where they proved to grow through winter, salt winds over 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph) and a hot dry summer. The plants were checked over a 12-month period, grew and even flowered. As far as can be ascertained this is the highest building with plants on and the experiment paved the way for utilizing Tillandsia on high-rise buildings.
Construction began August 2002 and took 4 years and 2 months.The tower was built using reinforced concrete using a slipform method. Eureka Tower's lift core superseded the height of Rialto Towers on 9 November 2004.
On 23 May 2006, the crane on top of the tower was dismantled by a smaller crane, which was dismantled by a smaller crane that could be taken down the service elevator.
Eureka Tower has 24 carat (99.9%) gold plated glass windows on the top 10 floors of the building. Installation of the gold glass was completed in March 2006. Apartment owners and tenants had taken up residence in the building between Ground Level and Level 80 as of July 2006.
On 11 October 2006, the tower was officially opened by then Premier of Victoria, Steve Bracks.
A 2-floor Grocon-Lubeca jumpform system was used to halve work time, concrete and joints required in the core, as well as increasing structural integrity. Grocon purchased the Singapore company Lubeca in 2000, and then did more R&D to design the 2-floor jumpform system.
Since 2012 the Eureka Climb event has been held annually. Participants climb 1642 steps to the observation deck. The current record is 7 minutes to climb up 88 floors.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eureka Tower.
Looking north-east over Melbourne CBD from Skydeck 88, with reflections in the tower's gold plated windows
The Terrace as seen from ground, The Edge observation cube seen at left
Eureka Tower from across the river
Eureka Skydeck 88 interior
List of tallest buildings in Melbourne
List of tallest buildings in Australia
^ a b c "Eureka Tower, Melbourne, Australia: 34th tallest building in the world". Skyscraperpicture.com. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
^ a b c d e "Eureka Tower - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.
^ a b c "Eureka Tower, Melbourne". Retrieved 24 October 2007.
^ a b "Tallest tower opens in Melbourne". The Australian. Australian Associated Press. 11 October 2006. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
^ a b c "Eureka tower officially opens". The Age. Melbourne. 11 October 2006.
^ "Q1 Tower, Gold Coast City". Emporis. Retrieved 22 September 2016. Height(roof) 245.00 m
^ a b Eureka Tower Facts
^ Eureka Skydeck 88: English Visitor Guide Archived 1 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine
^ "Queen Bee @ Eureka Tower". www.onlymelbourne.com.au. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
^ Chancellor, Jonathan. "Eureka Tower penthouse hoped to fetch sky-high price". www.propertyobserver.com.au.
^ "Eureka 89". Eureka 89. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
^ "Experience the terrifying Edge at Eureka Tower". Herald Sun. news.com.au. 29 April 2007.
^ "Eureka Tower, Melbourne, Victoria". Design Build Network. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
^ "Will Grocon become the king of speed builders?". ITP.net. 17 June 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
^ Zoe Naylor (17 June 2006). "Rose Tower achieves quickest cycles - Media". Arabian Business. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
^ Eureka Climb About Eureka Climb Retrieved April 8, 2015
Eureka Tower Observation Deck Website
Eureka Tower on CTBUH Skyscraper Center
Eureka Tower apartments
Eureka Tower, Melbourne, Victoria - Design Build Network
Eureka Tower at StructuraeList of tallest buildings in Australia
120 Collins Street265 metres (869 ft)
Q1322.5 metres (1,058 ft)
Heights are to highest architectural element.
List of tallest buildings in Melbourne
101 Collins Street260 metres (850 ft)
NilHeights are to highest architectural element.
vteSkyscrapers in Melbourne over 150 metres in heightCompletedOver 250 m
Eureka Tower (297 m, 2006)
Aurora Melbourne Central (270 m, 2019)
120 Collins Street (265 m, 1991)
101 Collins Street (260 m, 1991)
Prima Pearl (254 m, 2014)
Rialto Towers (251 m, 1986)200–249 m
Victoria One (247 m, 2018)
Vision Apartments (229 m, 2016)
568 Collins Street (224 m, 2015)
Bourke Place (224 m, 1991)
Light House Melbourne (218 m, 2017)
Telstra Corporate Centre (218 m, 1992)
Melbourne Central (211 m, 1991)
Freshwater Place North (205 m, 2005)
Eq. Tower (203 m, 2017)150–199 m
Empire Melbourne (198 m, 2017)
Abode318 (187 m, 2015)
Sofitel Hotel (185 m, 1980)
ANZ Tower (185 m, 1978)
Nauru House (182 m, 1977)
MY80 (173 m, 2014)
Upper West Side Tower 5 (170 m, 2016)
385 Bourke Street (169 m, 1983)
Zen Apartments (168 m, 2012)
Platinum Tower One (167 m, 2016)
Australian Stock Exchange Building (167 m, 1991)
Casselden Place (166 m, 1992)
35 Spring Street (166 m, 2017)
The Fifth (166 m, 2017)
Ernst & Young Tower (165 m, 2005)
SX Stage 1 (163 m, 2005)
Royal Domain Tower (162 m, 2005)
ANZ World Headquarters (162 m, 1993)
National Bank House (161 m, 1978)
2 Southbank Boulevard (161 m, 2005)
Verve 501 (159 m, 2006)
Upper West Side Tower 2 (156 m, 2014)
Southbank Central (153 m, 2017)
Optus Centre (153 m, 1975)
Crown Towers (152 m, 1997)
140 William Street (152 m, 2005)
Urban Workshop Lonsdale (150 m, 2005) Melbourne skyline in 2015Under constructionOver 250 m
Australia 108 (317 m, 2020)
West Side Place Tower A (270 m, 2022)
Queens Place North Tower (250 m, 2020)200–249 m
Premier Tower (249 m, 2020)
Swanston Central (237 m, 2019)
Melbourne Square Tower 1 (226 m, 2021)
380 Melbourne (218 m, 2020)
West Side Place Tower B (211 m, 2022)150–199 m
Collins House (190 m, 2018)
80-82 Collins Street (187 m, 2019)
Capitol Grand (178 m, 2019)
Melbourne Square Tower 3 (175 m, 2021)
Victoria Police Centre Tower 2 (171 m, 2020)
Avant (167 m, 2018)
Southbank Place (166 m, 2018)
477 Collins Street (158 m, 2019)
Shadow Play (153 m, 2018)ApprovedOver 250 m
One Queensbridge (323 m, TBA)
25–35 Power Street (280 m, TBA)200–249 m
Queens Place South Tower (251 m, TBA)
Elysium (244 m, TBA)
West Side Place Tower 2 (240 m, TBA)
West Side Place Tower 4 (230 m, TBA)
Melbourne Square Tower 2 (226 m, TBA)150–199 m
Melbourne Square Tower 5 (180 m, TBA)
Melbourne Square Tower 4 (175 m, TBA)
Full list of approved projectsProposed
Green Spine Tower 1 (356 m, TBA)
Green Spine Tower 2 (252 m, TBA)
Full list of proposed projects
Buildings listed in order of height and with year of completion
Building data source: Skyscraper CenterSee also: List of tallest buildings in Melbourne
Category:Buildings and structures in Melbourne
Category:Skyscrapers in Melbourne
vteLandmarks in the Melbourne City CentreNote: this includes landmarks in the Melbourne City Centre and its immediate surrounds, not the Greater Melbourne metropolitan areaPrecincts
Sports and Entertainment
University of MelbourneEntertainment
Convention and Exhibition Centre
Crown Entertainment Complex
Myer Flagship Store
Queen Victoria Market
St. Collins Lane
The District DocklandsPublic museums
Old Melbourne Gaol
Old Treasury Building
Victoria BarracksNotable structures
Royal Exhibition Building
Shrine of Remembrance
St Patrick's Cathedral
St Paul's CathedralSports venues
Docklands (Marvel) Stadium
Grand Prix Circuit
Melbourne Park (Margaret Court Arena - Melbourne Arena - Rod Laver Arena)
Rectangular Stadium (AAMI Park)
Sports and Aquatic Centre
Sports and Entertainment (Holden) Centre
Royal Park Golf Club
State Netball and Hockey CentreParks and gardens
Queen Victoria Gardens
Royal Botanic Gardens
Capital City Trail
City Circle Tram
Flinders Street station
Melbourne Central station
Southern Cross station
West Gate Bridge
See also: Lanes and arcades of Melbourne, List of museums in Melbourne, List of theatres in Melbourne, and Parks and gardens of Melbourne
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