Holiday

Holiday - Wikipedia Holiday From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about days of observance. For a leave of absence or a trip, see Vacation. For leave from employment, see Annual leave. For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation) and Observance (disambiguation). This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Victory Day in Donetsk in 2013. A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate an event or tradition of cultural or religious significance. Holidays may be designated by governments, religious institutions, or other groups or organizations. The degree to which normal activities are reduced by a holiday may depend on local laws, customs, the type of job held or personal choices. The concept of holidays often originated in connection with religious observances. The intention of a holiday was typically to allow individuals to tend to religious duties associated with important dates on the calendar. In most modern societies, however, holidays serve as much of a recreational function as any other weekend days or activities. In many societies there are important distinctions between holidays designated by governments and holidays designated by religious institutions. For example, in many predominantly Christian nations, government-designed holidays may center on Christian holidays, though non-Christians may instead observe religious holidays associated with their faith. In some cases, a holiday may only be nominally observed. For example, many Jews in the Americas and Europe treat the relatively minor Jewish holiday of Hanukkah as a "working holiday", changing very little of their daily routines for this day. The word holiday has differing connotations in different regions. In the United States the word is used exclusively to refer to the nationally, religiously or culturally observed day(s) of rest or celebration, or the events themselves, whereas in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations, the word may refer to the period of time where leave from one’s duties has been agreed, and is used as a synonym to the US preferred vacation. This time is usually set aside for rest, travel or the participation in recreational activities, with entire industries targeted to coincide or enhance these experiences. The days of leave may not coincide with any specific customs or laws. Employers and educational institutes may designate ‘holidays’ themselves which may or may not overlap nationally or culturally relevant dates, which again comes under this connotation, but it is the first implication detailed that this article is concerned with. Contents 1 Etymology 2 Types of holiday (observance) 2.1 Northern Hemisphere winter holidays 2.2 National holidays 2.3 Other secular holidays 2.4 Unofficial holidays 2.5 Religious holidays 3 See also 4 References 5 External links Etymology[edit] The word holiday comes from the Old English word hāligdæg (hālig "holy" + dæg "day").[1] The word originally referred only to special religious days. In modern use, it means any special day of rest or relaxation, as opposed to normal days away from work or school. Types of holiday (observance)[edit] Further information: Lists of holidays Northern Hemisphere winter holidays[edit] Main article: Christmas and holiday season Winter in the Northern Hemisphere features many holidays that involve festivals and feasts. The Christmas and holiday season surrounds the Christmas and other holidays, and is celebrated by many religions and cultures. Usually, this period begins near the start of November and ends with New Year's Day. Holiday season in the US, to the period that begins with Thanksgiving and ends with New Year's Eve. Some Christian countries consider the end of the festive season to be after the feast of Epiphany. National holidays[edit] See also: National Day Sovereign nations and territories observe holidays based on events of significance to their history. For example, Americans celebrate Independence Day, celebrating the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Other secular holidays[edit] See also: Category:Secular holidays. Other secular (non-religious) holidays are observed nationally, internationally (often in conjunction with organizations such as the United Nations), and across multi-country regions. The United Nations Calendar of Observances[2] dedicates decades to a specific topic, but also a complete year, month, week and days. Holidays dedicated to an observance such as the commemoration of the ending of World War II, or the Shoah, can also be part of the reparation obligation as per UN OHCHR Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law.[3] Another example of a major secular holiday is the Lunar New Year, which is celebrated across Asia. Many other days are marked to celebrate events or people, but are not strictly holidays as time off work is rarely given; examples include Arbor Day (originally U.S.), Labor Day (celebrated sometimes under different names and on different days in different countries), and Earth Day (22 April). Unofficial holidays[edit] See also: List of minor secular observances These are holidays that are not traditionally marked on calendars. These holidays are celebrated by various groups and individuals. Some promote a cause, others recognize historical events not officially recognized, and others are "funny" holidays celebrated with humorous intent. For example, Monkey Day is celebrated on December 14, International Talk Like a Pirate Day is observed on September 19, and Blasphemy Day is held on September 30. Other examples are April Fool's Day on April 1 and Liberation Day (Expatriates) on May 31. Various community organizers and marketers promote odd social media holidays. Religious holidays[edit] Many holidays are linked to faiths and religions (see etymology above). Christian holidays are defined as part of the liturgical year, the chief ones being Easter and Christmas. The Orthodox Christian and Western-Roman Catholic patronal feast day or "name day" are celebrated in each place's patron saint's day, according to the Calendar of saints. Jehovah's Witnesses annually commemorate "The Memorial of Jesus Christ's Death", but do not celebrate other holidays with any religious significance such as Easter, Christmas or New Year's. This holds especially true for those holidays that have combined and absorbed rituals, overtones or practices from non-Christian beliefs into the celebration, as well as those holidays that distract from or replace the worship of Jehovah.[4] In Islam, the largest holidays are Eid ul-Fitr (immediately after Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (at the end of the Hajj). Ahmadi Muslims additionally celebrate Promised Messiah Day, Promised Reformer Day, and Khilafat Day, but contrary to popular belief, neither are regarded as holidays. Hindus, Jains and Sikhs observe several holidays, one of the largest being Diwali (Festival of Light). Japanese holidays contain references to several different faiths and beliefs. Celtic, Norse, and Neopagan holidays follow the order of the Wheel of the Year. Some are closely linked to Swedish festivities. The Bahá'í Faith observes 11 annual holidays on dates determined using the Bahá'í calendar. Jews have two holiday seasons: the Spring Feasts of Pesach (Passover) and Shavuot (Weeks, called Pentecost in Greek); and the Fall Feasts of Rosh Hashanah (Head of the Year), Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), Sukkot (Tabernacles), and Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly). See Category:Religious holidays for complete listings of holidays associated with particular religions. See also[edit] Holidays portal Christmas and holiday season Christmas controversy Holiday heart syndrome Public holiday National Day List of holidays by countryCommemoration (Anglicanism)Commemorations and tributesReferences[edit] ^ "holiday - Origin and meaning of holiday by Online Etymology Dictionary". etymonline.com. Retrieved 20 February 2018. ^ "International Days". United Nations. Retrieved August 10, 2018. ^ "Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law". December 16, 2005. Retrieved August 10, 2018. ^ Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Reasoning from the Scriptures. Watchtower, 1985, pp. 176–182 External links[edit] Holidays at Curlie Lallanilla, Marc (November 24, 2004). "Holiday Stress Brings Anxiety and Abuse". ABC News.vteFolklore genres, types, and subtypesNarrative Animal tale Fable Fairytale/Märchen Legend Oral tradition Personal narrativeVerbal art Folk etymology Joke Rhyme (Nursery rhyme) Proverb Riddle Saying Word gameFoodways RecipeReligion and folk belief Folk religion Myth Old wives' tale Ritual (Legend tripping)Folk music Folk song Folk instrumentArt Folk art Outsider artCalendar HolidayOther GhostloreSee also Folkloristics Morphology (folkloristics) Motif (folkloristics) Aarne–Thompson classification systems vteTourismTypes Accessible Adventure Agritourism Alternative Atomic Birth Business Culinary Enotourism Cultural Archaeological Bookstore Heritage Militarism heritage Literary Tolkien Music Pop-culture Dark Holocaust Disaster Domestic Drug Ecotourism Shark Extreme Factory Tourism Garden Genealogy Geotourism Honeymoon Jihadi Jungle Justice LGBT Medical Dental Moon Nautical Rail Religious Christian Halal Kosher Rural Sacred Safaris Science Sex Child sex Female sex Slum Space Sports Stag party Suicide Sustainable Vacation Volunteer travel War Water Wellness WildlifeHospitalityindustry Bed and breakfast Boutique hotel Conference and resort hotels Convention center Destination spa Front desk General manager Homestay Hospitality management studies Hospitality services Hostel Hotel Hotel manager Inn Island resort Motel Referral chain Resort Resort town Restaurant Seaside resort Ski resortTerminology Campus tour Convention (meeting) Gift shop Grand Tour Holiday (vacation) Hypermobility Package tour Passport Perpetual traveler Road trip Roadside attraction Souvenir Staycation Sunday drive Tour guide Tour operator Tourism geography Tourism minister Tourism region Tourist attraction Tourist gateway Tourist trap Touron Transport Travel Travel agency Travel behavior Travel document Travel insurance Travel literature Travel medicine Travel survey Travel technology Travel warning Travel website Trip planner Visa Visitor centerIndustry organizations, rankings and events American Bus Association American Hotel and Lodging Association American Hotel & Lodging Educational Institute BEST Education Network Caribbean Tourism Organization Destination marketing organization European Travel Commission Historical archive on tourism South-East Asian Tourism Organisation Tourism Radio Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report Wikivoyage World Federation of Travel Journalists and Writers World Tourism Day World Tourism Organization World Tourism rankings World Travel and Tourism Council World Travel MonitorLists Adjectival tourisms Attractions Bibliography Casino hotels Casinos Convention and exhibition centers Hotels Largest hotels in the world Most internationally-visited cities Motels Travel magazines UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists World Heritage Sites by country Category Commons Portal WikiProject vtePublic holidays of the WorldvtePublic holidays in AfricaSovereign states Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) Central African Republic Chad Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Eswatini (Swaziland) Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia ZimbabweStates with limitedrecognition Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic SomalilandDependencies andother territories Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla  (Spain) Madeira (Portugal) Mayotte / Réunion (France) Saint Helena / Ascension Island / Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) Western SaharavtePublic holidays in AsiaSovereign states Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor (Timor-Leste) Egypt Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam YemenStates withlimited recognition Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus Palestine South Ossetia TaiwanDependencies andother territories British Indian Ocean Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hong Kong Macau Book Category Asia portalvtePublic holidays in EuropeSovereign states Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican CityStates with limitedrecognition Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia TransnistriaDependencies andother entities Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey SvalbardOther entities European UnionvtePublic holidays in North America Sovereign states Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United StatesDependencies andother territories Anguilla Aruba Bermuda Bonaire British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Curaçao Greenland Guadeloupe Martinique Montserrat Puerto Rico Saint Barthélemy Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saba Sint Eustatius Sint Maarten Turks and Caicos Islands United States Virgin IslandsvtePublic holidays in OceaniaSovereign states Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu VanuatuAssociated statesof New Zealand Cook Islands NiueDependenciesand other territories American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and FutunavtePublic holidays in South AmericaSovereign states Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay VenezuelaDependencies andother territories Falkland Islands French Guiana South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Find out more on Wikipedia'sSister projectsMediafrom CommonsDefinitionsfrom WiktionaryTextbooksfrom WikibooksQuotationsfrom Wikiquote Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Holiday&oldid=871315191" Categories: Lists of public holidays by countryHolidaysHidden categories: Articles that may contain original research from December 2013All articles that may contain original 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Celebrate Fall: From Columbus Ohio, to Dublin Ireland

Wed, Aug 22, 2012

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