Kerala Backwaters

Kerala backwaters - Wikipedia Kerala backwaters From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Designations Ramsar Wetland Official name Ashtamudi Wetland Designated 19 August 2002 Reference no. 1204[1] Ramsar Wetland Official name Vembanad-Kol Wetland Designated 19 August 2002 Reference no. 1214[2] A house Boat View from Vembanad Lake Map of Backwaters in Kerala The Kerala backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India. The network includes five large lakes linked by canals, both man made and natural, fed by 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of Kerala state. The backwaters were formed by the action of waves and shore currents creating low barrier islands across the mouths of the many rivers flowing down from the Western Ghats range. The Kerala Backwaters are a network of interconnected canals, rivers, lakes and inlets, a labyrinthine system formed by more than 900 km of waterways, and sometimes compared to the American Bayou.[3] In the midst of this landscape there are a number of towns and cities, which serve as the starting and end points of backwater cruises.[4]National Waterway 3 from Kollam to Kottapuram, covers a distance of 205 km and runs almost parallel to the coastline of southern Kerala facilitating both cargo movement and backwater tourism.[5] The important rivers from north to south are the Valapattanam (110 km.), Chaliyar (169 km.), Kadalundipuzha (130 km.), Bharathappuzha (209 km.), Chalakudy (130 km.), Periyar (244 km), Pamba (176 km), Achankovil (128 km.) and Kalladayar (121 km.). Other than these, there are 35 more small rivers and rivulets flowing down from the Ghats. Most of these rivers are navigable up to the midland region, in country crafts. Vembanad is the largest of the lakes, covering an area of 2033 km². The lake has a large network of canals that meander through the region of Kuttanad. The backwaters have a unique ecosystem: freshwater from the rivers meets the seawater from the Arabian Sea. A barrage has been built near Thanneermukkom, so salt water from the sea is prevented from entering the deep inside, keeping the fresh water intact. Such fresh water is extensively used for irrigation purposes.[5][6] Many unique species of aquatic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water birds such as terns, kingfishers, darters and cormorants, and animals such as otters and turtles live in and alongside the backwaters. Palm trees, pandanus shrubs, various leafy plants, and bushes grow alongside the backwaters, providing a green hue to the surrounding landscape.[6] Sunset in the backwaters Kerala backwaters in the Kuttanad area Contents 1 Tourism 1.1 Houseboats 1.2 Ferry services 1.3 Resorts 1.4 Impact on ecosystem 2 Economic significance 3 Ecological significance 4 Boat races 5 Backwater regions 5.1 Kuttanad 5.2 Kollam 5.2.1 Islands of Kollam 5.2.2 Estuaries of Paravur 5.3 Munroe Island 5.4 Kasargod 5.5 Thiruvallam 5.6 Kozhikode 6 Literature 7 Movies 8 Photo gallery 9 References 10 External links Tourism[edit] Kerala was ranked as one of the "50 destinations of a lifetime" by National Geographic Traveler in a special collectors' issue released just before the turn of the millennium, with houseboat and backwater resort tourism in Alappuzha seen as leading factors.[7] Houseboats[edit] A backwater in the Kollam region, c.a. 1913 House Boat on Vembanad lake The kettuvallams (Kerala houseboats) in the backwaters are one of the prominent tourist attractions in Kerala. More than 2000 kettuvallams ply the backwaters.[8] The Kerala government has classified the tourist houseboats as platinum, gold and silver. The kettuvallams were traditionally used as grain barges, to transport the rice harvested in the fertile fields alongside the backwaters. Thatched roof covers over wooden hulls, 100 feet (30 m) in length, provided protection from the elements. At some point in time the boats were used as living quarters by the royalty. Converted to accommodate tourists, the houseboats have become floating cottages having a sleeping area, with western-style toilets, a dining area and a sit out on the deck. Most tourists spend the night on a houseboat. Food is cooked on board by the accompanying staff – mostly having a flavour of Kerala. The houseboats are of various patterns and can be hired as per the size of the family or visiting group. The living-dining room is usually open on at least three sides providing a grand view of the surroundings, including other boats, throughout the day when it is on the move. It is brought to a standstill at times of taking food and at night. After sunset, the boat crew provide burning coils to drive away mosquitoes. Ketuvallams are motorised but generally proceed at a slow speed for smooth travel. All ketuvallams have a generator and most bedrooms are air-conditioned. At times, as per demand of customers, electricity is switched off and lanterns are provided to create a rural setting[5][6] A launch wades through water hyacinth in an Alappuzha canal Beypore, located 10 km south of Kozhikode at the mouth of the Chaliyar River, is a famous fishing harbour, port and boatbuilding centre. Beypore has a 1,500-year tradition of boatbuilding. The skills of the local shipwrights and boatbuilders have widely sought after. Ferry services[edit] Regular ferry services connect most locations on both banks of the backwaters.[5] The Kerala State Water Transport Department operates ferries for passengers as well as tourists. It is the cheapest mode of transport through the backwaters. Resorts[edit] Resort at Kumarakom Ashtamudi lake, which was a sleepy destination for years, has been transformed into a busy tourist destination with plush resorts around the Lake and the backwaters.[5] Impact on ecosystem[edit] The unregulated proliferation of motorised houseboats in the lakes and backwaters has raised concerns regarding the adverse impact of pollution from diesel engines and outboard motors on the fragile ecosystem. Economic significance[edit] Connected by artificial canals, the backwaters form an economical means of transport, and a large local trade is carried on by inland navigation. Fishing, along with fish curing, is an important industry. Kerala backwaters have been used for centuries by the local people for transportation, fishing and agriculture. The region has supported the efforts of the local people to earn a livelihood. In more recent times, agricultural efforts have been strengthened with reclamation of some backwater lands for rice growing, particularly in the Kuttanad area. Boat-making has been a traditional craft, so has been the coir industry.[6] Paddy fields in the Kuttanad region Kuttanad region is crisscrossed with waterways that run alongside extensive paddy fields, as well as fields of cassava, banana and yam. The crops are grown on the low-lying ground and irrigated with fresh water from canal and waterways connected to Vembanad lake. The area is similar to the dikes of the Netherlands, where land has been reclaimed from the sea and crops are grown.[9] Ecological significance[edit] Vembanad Wetland is included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.[10] Boat races[edit] See also: Vallam Kali Chundan vallams or snake boats are narrow boats over 100 feet (30 m) long, with a raised prow that stands 10 feet (3.0 m) above water and resembles the hood of a snake. Traditionally these were used by local rulers to transport soldiers during waterfront wars. In modern times, it has spawned a new sport – the Vallam Kali (boat race). Each chundan vallam accommodates about a hundred muscular oarsmen.[5] Boat races are occasions of great excitement and entertainment with thousands gathered on the banks to watch and cheer. Most of these races are held in the Kuttanad Region[5] Aranmula Uthrattadi Vallamkali The boat races starts with Champakulam Moolam Boat Race which is held on the Pamba River in the village Champakulam on Moolam day (according to the Malayalam Era M.E) of the Malayalam month Midhunam, the day of the installation of the deity at the Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna Temple. Very interesting stories lie behind the origin of Moolam Boat Race. When Jawaharlal Nehru visited Kerala in 1952, four traditional chundan valloms went to receive him. A snake boat race was organised for him. He was so impressed that when he went back to Delhi, he sent back a gleaming silver trophy for a boat race. Even today, the 1.5 km Nehru Trophy Boat Race is the most prestigious. The Thazhathangadi boat race held every year on Meenachil river, at Thazhathangadi, Kottayam is one of the oldest and most popular boat races in the state. Other renowned boat races are: Indira Gandhi Boat Race, Champakulam Moolam Boat Race, Aranmula Uthrattadi Vallamkali, Payippad Jalotsavam, kallada Boat Race and Kumarakom Boat Race. Backwater regions[edit] Kuttanad[edit] A houseboat - Scene from Nedumudi, Kuttanad Kuttanadu is a region covering the Alappuzha and Kottayam Districts, in the state of Kerala, India, well known for its vast paddy fields and geographical peculiarities. The region has the lowest altitude in India, and is one of the few places in the world where farming is carried around 1.2 to 3.0 metres (4 to 10 ft) below sea level. Four of Kerala's major rivers, the Pamba, Meenachil, Achankovil and Manimala flow into the region. Kuttanadu is historically important in the ancient history of South India and is the major rice producer in the state. It is also well known for its boat races. Vembanad Lake, the largest lake in Kerala is at the heart of the Backwater tourism with hundreds of kettuvallams plied on it and numerous resorts on its banks. The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is located on the east coast of the lake. The lake has become a major tourist attraction The major occupation in Kuttanadu is farming, with rice the most important agricultural product. This activity gives the area its moniker of "The Rice Bowl of Kerala". Large farming areas near Vembanad Lake were reclaimed from the lake. In 2013 the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations formally declared the below sea-level farming system in Kuttanad as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).[11] Kollam[edit] A houseboat - Scene from Thevally, Kollam Kollam (earlier known as Quilon) was one of the leading trade centres of the ancient world, eulogised by travellers such as Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo. It is also the starting point of the backwater waterways. The Ashtamudi Kayal, known as the gateway to the backwaters, covers about 30 per cent of Kollam.[5] Sasthamcotta Kayal, the large fresh water lake is 28.5 km from Kollam city. Islands of Kollam[edit] Main article: Islands of Kollam Islands are the eye-catching factors as well as the beauty of Lake Ashtamudi, Kollam. Most of these islands are potential tourism spots in the state. The Indian Railways also planning to develop one of the islands in Kollam for a tourism project.[12] There are big as well as small islands which are inhabited and uninhabited by human beings. There are more than 15 islands in Ashtamudi Lake. The important islands in Kollam are:[13] Aerial view of Ashtamudi backwaters Munroe Island Chavara Thekkumbhagom St. Sebastian Island San Thome Island Our Lady of Fatima Island Pezhumthuruth Kakkathuruth Pattamthuruth Paliyanthuruthu (Palliyamthuruthu) Neettum thuruth Puthenthuruth Poothuruth Pannaykkathuruth Veluthuruth Neeleswaram thuruth Estuaries of Paravur[edit] Estuary at Paravur Thekkumbhagam Main article: Estuaries of Paravur Paravur Estuaries lie near to the south-western coast of Kollam.[14] The place is world-famous for its natural beauties, backwater locations, white-sand beaches and concentration of temples in every square kilometer.[15] The peninsula of Paravur is one of the most visited in Kollam district. Both north and south tips of Paravur town have both peninsula and estuary. Pozhikara is north and Thekkumbhagam is south of Paravur.[14][16] One more estuary mouth in Pozhikara, which is very close to Pozhikara Devi Temple, which has breached in 2014 under the supervision of Water Resources Department (WRD), after a long gap of 14 years.[17] Munroe Island[edit] Main article: Munroe Island Munroethuruth or Munroe Island is a place surrounded by Kallada River, Ashtamudi Lake and Sasthamkotta Lake in Kollam district, Munroe Island is a cluster of eight tiny islands, Blessed with a number of criss-cross canals and zigzag water channels, this Island plays a host to many migratory birds from various countries around the world. You can watch birds such as Kingfisher, Woodpecker, Egret, Bee-eater, Crow pheasant, and Paddy Birds. There is yet another rare chance to see the traditional Indian spice plants such as Pepper, Nutmeg and Cloves.([1]) The first community tourism programme in the State will start functioning from the MunroeThuruthu islands. Coir making is a home industry to almost all the village living people. It is very interesting to watch the coir making by the village ladies with the help of weaving Wheels. They make the coir ropes by hand. In addition to this, on the way, you can see the process of extracting coconut oil from the "copra" [dried coconut]. Among the routine traditional engagements, duck, poultry farm and prawn breeding are common in all houses. Kasargod[edit] Kasargod in north Kerala is a backwater destination, known for rice cultivation, coir processing and lovely landscape, it has the sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the north and east. Cruise options are Chandragiri and Valiyaparamba near Kavvayi Backwater. Chandragiri is situated 4 km to the southeast of Kasargod town and takes tourists to the historic Chandragiri fort. Valiyaparamba is a scenic backwater stretch near Kasargod. Four rivers flow into the backwaters near Kasargod and there are many small islands along these backwater stretches, where birds can be seen. Thiruvallam[edit] Thiruvallam backwaters are just 6 km from Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital. Known for its canoe rides, Thiruvallam is becoming increasingly popular with tourists. Two rivers, the Killi and the Karamana, come together at Thiruvallam. Not far from Thiruvallam is the Veli Lagoon, where there are facilities for water sports, a waterfront park and a floating bridge. The Akkulam Boat club, which offers boating cruises on Akkulam Lake and a park for children, is also a popular tourist attraction near Thiruvallam. Kozhikode[edit] Kozhikode (also known as Calicut) has backwaters which are largely unexplored by tourist hordes. Elathur, the Canoly Canal and the Kallayi River are favourite haunts for boating and cruising. Korapuzha, the venue of the Korapuzha Jalotsavam, is a popular water sport destination. Literature[edit] Two prominent writers in the region are Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai and Arundhati Roy. Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, (1912–1999), the Padmabhusan and Jnanpith and Sahitya Akedemi award-winning writer, was born in Thakazhi village in Alappuzha district.[18] He wrote in Malayalam. His novel Chemmeen has been translated into most Indian languages and several foreign languages. Arundhati Roy (born 1961) was brought up in Ayemenem near Kottayam, and her Booker-Prize-winning The God of Small Things is set in Kerala.[19] Movies[edit] A number of movies were filmed in the backwaters around Alleppey and other parts of the state. Numerous Malayalam movies Some other major movies include Most scenes of Tamil movie Autograph and Kannada movie My Autograph Crucial scenes in Tamil movie Vinnaithaandi Varuvaayaa and its remakes in Hindi Ekk Deewana Tha, Telugu Ye Maaya Chesave Song "Jiya jale" and Scenes in Hindi movie Dil Se.. Hindi movie Tashan (film) Hindi film Alone Tamil movie Kuselan Photo gallery[edit] Estuary in Paravur Public Transport Boat service in Kerala Kerala Backwaters. Houseboats on Kerala water-ways. Kerala Backwaters. Lagoon at Veli - Akkulam stretch, Trivandrum. An evening view of Paravur Lake, City of Kollam Veli Lake and Backwaters, Trivandrum. Backwater in Ashamudi Lake Sunset in the backwaters Children enjoy a game of cricket in a narrow stretch along the backwaters Lagoon near the Cherai Beach in Ernakulam Lagoon near the Cherai Beach in Ernakulam A boat in a canal near Vembanad lake Boats Local villagers References[edit] ^ "Ashtamudi Wetland". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.  ^ "Vembanad-Kol Wetland". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.  ^ "Austin Pick: A Billion People in a Coconut Shell". Retrieved 2008-12-28.  ^ "11 Prime Destinations in Kerala for Backwater Tour". Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h Ayub, Akber (ed), Kerala: Maps & More, Backwaters, 2006 edition 2007 reprint, pp. 40-53, Stark World Publishing, Bangalore, ISBN 81-902505-2-3 ^ a b c d "Backwaters in Kerala". Kerala Backwater. Kerala Backwater Pvt. Ltd. 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2015.  ^ Mathew, Mony K. (13 July 2000). "Going beyond God's own country". Business Line. Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  ^ Abraham, Tanya (31 October 2005). "Eco-friendly boats to ply backwaters". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2015.  ^ "Kuttanad Bacwaters". Kerala Backwater. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ "The List of Wetlands of International Importances" (PDF). The Secretariat of the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) Rue Mauverney 28, CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-07.  ^ "FAO Heritage Status to Kuttanad". Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 2016-12-22.  ^ "Bhushi dam area may get a holiday resort - Times of India". Retrieved 11 March 2015.  ^ "KOLLAM - THE PRINCE OF ARABIAN SEA - The Hindu". Retrieved 11 March 2015.  ^ a b Vishaw (7 December 2007). "Estuaries Of India". Indian Officer. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2015.  ^ "Paravur Municipality". Retrieved 16 March 2015.  ^ "Impact of Sea-Sand Filling in the Paravur-Kappil Backwaters, Southern Kerala with Special Reference to Phytoplankton Productivity" (PDF). Retrieved 16 March 2015.  ^ "Paravur estuary breached :The Hindu". Retrieved 16 March 2015.  ^ "Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai". india9.com. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ "Arundhati Roy – a life full of beginnings and no ends". chitram.org. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kerala Backwaters. Kerala backwaters travel guide from Wikivoyage v t e Hydrography of the Indian subcontinent Inland rivers Beas Betwa Bhagirathi Brahmaputra Chambal Chenab Damodar Godavari Gandaki Ganges Ghaghara Indus Jhelum Kali Kaveri Kosi Krishna Luni Mahanadi Mahaweli Meghna Narmada Padma Ravi Sarasvati Sankosh Sharda Son Sutlej Tapti Yamuna Inland lakes, deltas, etc. Ganges Basin Ganges Delta Indus Delta Dal Lake Pookode Lake Skeleton Lake Chilika Lake Lake Powai Borith Lake Saiful Muluk Gosaikunda Nizam Sagar Red Hills Lake Malampuzha Kerala backwaters Pulicat Lake Coastal Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Mannar Laccadive Sea Palk Strait Categories Lakes of Bangladesh / India / Nepal / Pakistan Reservoirs and dams in India Rivers of Bangladesh / Bhutan / India / Nepal / Pakistan v t e Hydrography of Kerala Rivers Achankovil Ambankadavu Ayalurpuzha Bharathappuzha Chalakudy Chalippuzha Chaliyar Cherukunnapuzha Cherupuzha Cheruthoni Chulliyar Edamalayar Gayathripuzha Iruvanjippuzha Ithikkara Kabini Kadalundi Kallada Kallayi Kalpathipuzha Kanjirappuzha Kannadipuzha Karamana Karimpuzha Karimpuzha River (Palakkad) Korapuzha Korayar Kottappuzha Kunthipuzha Kurumali Kuthirappuzha Madatharuvi Mahé Malampuzha Mangalam Manimala Maruthappuzha Meenachil Meenkarappuzha Mullayar Muthirapuzha Muvattupuzha Neerppuzha Neyyar Pallichelaru Pamba Pambar Pandippuzha Papanasini Parambikulam Payaswini Perinjankutti Periyar Punnappuzha Thuppanadippuzha Thuthapuzha Tirur Valapattanam Vandazhippuzha Lakes,dams and reservoirs Ashtamudi Kavvayi Backwater Kayamkulam Kayal Paravur Punnamada Sasthamkotta Vellayani Lake Vembanad Veeranpuzha Waterfalls Aruvikkuzhy Athirappilly Charpa Kumbhavurutty Manalar Meenmutty, Wayanad Oliyarik Palaruvi Pattathippara Perunthenaruvi Soochipara Thusharagiri Vazhachal Beaches Alappuzha Bekal Chavakkad Beach Cherai Kappad Kappkadavu Kollam Kovalam Marari Meenkunnu Mundakkal Muzhappilangad Paravur Thekkumbhagam Payyambalam Shankumugham Snehatheeram Thirumullavaram Varkala Boats Types Chundan Vallam Kettuvallam Palliyodam Uru Races Vallam Kali Payippadu Vallam Kali Triprayar Boat Race Kandassankadavu Boat Race Aranmula President's Trophy Boat Race Nehru Trophy Indira Gandhi Champakulam Moolam Sree Narayana Jayanthi Related topics Estuaries of Paravur Islands of Kollam Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Pathiramanal Hydrography of surrounding areas Karnataka Tamil Nadu Kerala portal v t e Kerala topics History Sangam period Edakkal Caves Ariyannur Umbrellas Kudakkallu Parambu Chovvanur burial cave Chera Venad Swaroopam Kerala school Battle of Kulachal Anglo-Mysore Wars Battle of Quilon Vaikom Satyagraham Perumpadapu Swaroopam Malabar Migration GovernmentPolitics Agencies Chief Ministers Governors Legislative Assembly Panchayat elections Saptakakshi Munnani Aikya Munnani Left Democratic Front United Democratic Front Politicians Geography Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Ashtamudi Lake Backwaters Districts Eravikulam National Park Flora and fauna Malabar Coast Marayoor Nelliampathi Mountains Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Nilgiri Hills Palakkad Gap Protected areas Sasthamcotta Lake Vembanad Lake DemographicsEconomyReligion Malayalis Namboothiris Ambalavasis Samanthas Nairs Saint Thomas Christians Kerala Iyers Ezhavas Cochin Jews Jainism in Kerala Pulayar Dravidians Mappilas Adivasis Scheduled Tribes Kerala model Tourism Education colleges and universities Culture Arts Architecture Cuisine Kalarippayattu Literature Sarpam Thullal Triumvirate poets Vallamkali Dance / Drama / Cinema Kathakali Kolkali Koodiyattam Mohiniyattam Margamkali Ottamthullal Theyyam Cinema of Kerala Festivals Vishu Onam Pooram Languages Malayalam Malayalam calendar Mappila dialect Suriyani Malayalam Judeo-Malayalam Irula language Music Chenda (Thayambaka) Kolkali Panchari melam Panchavadyam Sopanam Organisations/Agencies NSS SNDP Tourism Alappuzha Athirappilly Falls Beaches in Kerala Bekal Kerala Backwaters Kollam Islands of Kollam Kovalam Munnar Estuaries of Paravur Visitor attractions in Thrissur Tourism in Thiruvananthapuram Vallamkali Wayanad Portal v t e Tourism in Kerala Organizations Kerala Tourism Development Corporation Department of Tourism (Kerala) Gandhi Seva Sadan Informative articles Chinese fishing nets God's Own Country Chundan Vallam Jatayu Earth’s Center Kerala backwaters Pooram Puli Kali Temple Festivals of Kerala Tourist Resorts (Kerala) Vallam Kali Wildlife of Kerala Airports Aranmula International Airport Sabarigiri International Airport Calicut International Airport Cochin Duty Free Cochin International Airport Kannur International Airport Kollam Airport(Defunct) Trivandrum International Airport Amusement parks Fantasy Park Kottakkunnu Vismaya Wonderla Archaeological sites Anchuthengu Ariyannur Umbrellas Cheraman Parambu Kadavallur Kandanissery Kudakkallu Parambu Pattanam Tangasseri Thovarimala Ezhuthupara Beaches Alappuzha Beach Azheekal beach Chavakkad Beach Cherai Beach Fort Kochi beach Kappad Kappil, Thiruvananthapuram Kappkadavu Kollam Beach Kovalam Mappila Bay Marari Beach Meenkunnu Beach Munakkal Beach Mundakkal Beach Muzhappilangad Beach Muziris beach Payyambalam Beach Poovar Shankumugham Beach Snehatheeram Beach Paravur Thekkumbhagam Thirumullavaram Beach Thottada Beach Varkala Beach Boat races Aranmula Boat Race Champakulam Moolam Boat Race Indira Gandhi Boat Race Kallada Boat Race Kandassankadavu Boat Race Nehru Trophy Boat Race Payippadu Vallam Kali President's Trophy Boat Race Sree Narayana Jayanthi Boat Race Triprayar Boat Race Caves Chovvanur burial cave Edakkal Caves Kottukal cave temple Nedumala caves, Piralimattam Vizhinjam rock caves Dams Banasura Sagar Dam Bhoothathankettu Cheruthoni Dam Chimmony Dam Idamalayar Dam Idukki Dam Kakki Reservoir Karapuzha Dam Malampuzha Dam Mangalam Dam (dam) Mattupetty Dam Mullaperiyar Dam Neyyar Dam Parambikulam Dam Pazhassi Dam Peechi Dam Peringalkuthu Dam Peruvaripallam Dam Ponmudi Dam Poomala Dam Pothundi Dam Sholayar Dam Siruvani Dam Thanneermukkom Bund Thenmala Dam Thunakkadavu Dam Vazhani Dam Walayar Dam Festivals Aanayoottu Aaraattu Aluva Sivarathri festival Arattupuzha Pooram Edakkunni Uthram Vilakku Feast of Saint Raphael, Ollur Gandharvanpattu Ilanjithara Melam India International Boat Show International Film Festival of Kerala Kadavallur Anyonyam Kanyarkali Karivela Kerala Adventure Carnival Keralotsavam Kollam Pooram Kottakkal pooram Kottankulangara Festival Machad Mamangam Nalukulangara Pooram Kalpathi Ratholsavam Nenmara Vallanghy Vela Onam Onathallu or Avittathallu Peruvanam Pooram Tattamangalam Kuthira Vela Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram Thrissur Pooram Uthralikavu Pooram Forts Anchuthengu Fort Bekal Fort Chandragiri Fort, Kerala Cranganore Fort East Fort Fort Emmanuel Hosdurg Fort Nedumkotta Overbury's Folly Palakkad Fort Pallipuram Fort St Thomas Fort, Tangasseri St. Angelo Fort Tellicherry Fort William Fort Islands Dharmadam Island Ezhumanthuruthu Gundu Island Islands of Kollam Kavvayi Kuruvadweep Munroe Island Parumala Pizhala Pulinkunnoo Ramanthuruthu Valiyaparamba Vallarpadam Vypin Willingdon Island Lakes Ashtamudi Lake Enamakkal Lake Mananchira Oranju Poika Padinjarechira Paravur Lake Pookode Lake Sasthamcotta Lake Veeranpuzha Vellayani Lake Vadakkechira Vanchikulam Vembanad Lighthouses Vizhinjam Tangasseri Kovilthottam Alappuzha Manakkodam Vypin Azhikode Chetwai Ponnani Beypore Kozhikode Kannur Mountains Aathanad Agastya Mala Ambanad Hills Ambukuthi mala Anamudi Anginda peak Banasura Hill Chembra Peak Elivai Malai Ilaveezha Poonchira Illickal Kallu Kunnathoor Padi Marayur Meenuliyan Para Nelliampathi Paithalmala Ponmudi Poomala Urakam Hill Vagamon Vagavurrai Vellarimala Museums 8 Point Gallery Cafe, Kollam Arakkal Museum Archaeological Museum, Thrissur Indian Business Museum Indo-Portuguese Museum Kerala Science and Technology Museum Kerala Soil Museum Munnar Tea Museum Napier Museum Pazhassi Raja Archaeological Museum Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Museum, Kollam Teak Museum Wayanad Heritage Museum Palaces Aranmula Kottaram Bolgatty Palace British Residency Cheena Kottaram Halcyon Castle Hill Palace, Tripunithura Kanakakkunnu Palace Kilimanoor Palace Kodungallur Kovilakam Kollengode Palace Kowdiar Palace Koyikkal Palace Krishnapuram Palace Kuthira Malika Laxmipuram Palace Mattancherry Palace Merry Lodge Palace Pandalam Palace Punnathurkotta Puthen Kovilakam Shakthan Thampuran Palace Sri Moolam Thirunal Palace Thevally Palace Waterfalls Adyanpara Falls Aripara Falls Aruvikkuzhi Waterfalls Athirappilly Falls Charpa Falls Cheeyappara Kumbhavurutty Waterfalls Lakkom Water Falls Manalar Waterfalls Marmala waterfall Meenmutty Falls, Thiruvananthapuram Meenmutty Falls, Wayanad Oliyarik Waterfalls Palaruvi Falls Panieli Poru waterfalls Pattathippara Falls Perunthenaruvi Perunthenaruvi Falls Soochipara Falls Thommankuthu Thusharagiri Falls Thuvanam Waterfalls Vazhachal Falls Vazhvanthol waterfalls Wildlife sanctuaries Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kurinjimala Sanctuary Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Pathiramanal Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary Periyar Tiger Reserve Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary Thattekad Bird Sanctuary Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary Zoos Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre Parassinikkadavu Snake Park Thiruvananthapuram Zoo Thrissur Zoo Thrissur Zoological Park Wildlife Conversation & Research Centre Templates Portal Category WikiProject Coordinates: 9°51′49″N 76°21′34″E / 9.86348°N 76.3594°E / 9.86348; 76.3594 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kerala_backwaters&oldid=840397721" Categories: Tourism in KeralaEstuaries of IndiaRamsar sites in IndiaLandforms of KeralaLagoons of IndiaWater transport in KeralaHidden categories: Use Indian English from November 2014All 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