Nottingham

Nottingham - Wikipedia Nottingham From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the city in England. For other uses, see Nottingham (disambiguation). Nottingham City and unitary authority area City of Nottingham From top left: Robin Hood, Council House, NET Tram, Castle Rock Brewery, Trent Bridge, the Castle Gate House, Wollaton Hall, Ye Olde Trip to Jerusalem and Nottingham Forest's City Ground Nickname(s): "the Queen of the Midlands"[1] Motto(s): Vivit Post Funera Virtus (Virtue Outlives Death)[2] Nottingham shown within Nottinghamshire and England Nottingham Location of Nottingham in the United Kingdom Show map of the East Midlands Nottingham Nottingham (the United Kingdom) Show map of the United Kingdom Nottingham Nottingham (Europe) Show map of Europe Coordinates: 52°57′12″N 1°09′00″W / 52.95333°N 1.15000°W / 52.95333; -1.15000Coordinates: 52°57′12″N 1°09′00″W / 52.95333°N 1.15000°W / 52.95333; -1.15000 Sovereign state  United Kingdom Constituent country  England Region East Midlands Ceremonial county  Nottinghamshire Settled 600 City Status 1897 Administrative HQ Loxley House Government  • Type Unitary authority  • Governing body Nottingham City Council  • Council Leader Cllr Jon Collins (Lab)  • Executive Labour  • MPs Chris Leslie (Lab) Alex Norris (Lab) Lilian Greenwood (Lab)  • Lord Mayor Cllr Michael Edwards Area  • City 74.61 km2 (28.81 sq mi) Elevation[3] 46 m (151 ft) Population (2015)  • City 321,500  • Density 4,359/km2 (11,290/sq mi)  • Urban 915,977 (LUZ:975,800)  • Metro 1,610,000 (Nottingham-Derby)[4]  • Ethnicity(2011 Census)[5] 71.5% White (65.4% White British) 13.1% Asian 7.3% Black British 6.7% Mixed Race 1.5% Other Demonym(s) Nottinghamian Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)  • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1) Postal Code NG Area code(s) 0115 Grid Ref. SK570400 ONS code 00FY (ONS) E06000018 (GSS) ISO 3166-2 GB-NGM NUTS 3 UKF14 Website www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk Nottingham (/ˈnɒtɪŋəm/ ( listen) NOT-ing-əm) is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, 128 miles (206 km) north of London, in the East Midlands. Nottingham has links to the legend of Robin Hood and to the lace-making, bicycle (notably Raleigh bikes), and tobacco industries. It was granted its city charter in 1897 as part of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. Nottingham is a tourist destination; in 2011, visitors spent over £1.5 billion—the thirteenth-highest amount in England's 111 statistical territories.[6] In 2015, Nottingham had an estimated population of 321,550[7] with the wider urban area, which includes many of the city's suburbs, having a population of 915,977. Its urban area is the largest in the east Midlands and the second-largest in the Midlands.[8] The population of the Nottingham/Derby metropolitan area is estimated to be 1,610,000.[4] Its metropolitan economy is the seventh largest in the United Kingdom with a GDP of $50.9bn (2014).[9] The city is also ranked as a sufficiency-level world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[10] Nottingham has an award-winning public transport system,[11] including the largest publicly owned bus network in England[12] and is also served by Nottingham railway station and the modern Nottingham Express Transit tram system. It is also a major sporting centre, and in October 2015 was named 'Home of English Sport'.[13] The National Ice Centre, Holme Pierrepont National Watersports Centre, and Trent Bridge international cricket ground are all based in or around the city, which is also the home of two professional league football teams; the world's oldest professional league club Notts County, and Nottingham Forest, famously two-time winners of the UEFA European Cup under Brian Clough in 1979 and 1980. The city also has professional rugby, ice hockey and cricket teams, and the Aegon Nottingham Open, an international tennis tournament on the ATP and WTA tours. This accolade came just over a year after Nottingham was named as the UK's first City of Football.[14] On 11 December 2015, Nottingham was named a "City of Literature" by UNESCO, joining Norwich, Melbourne, Prague and Barcelona as one of only a handful in the world.[15] The title reflects Nottingham's literary heritage, with Lord Byron, D. H. Lawrence and Alan Sillitoe having links to the city, as well as a strong contemporary literary community, a thriving publishing industry and a vibrant poetry scene.[16] It has two universities, the University of Nottingham and Nottingham Trent University, which are attended by over 60,000 students — University of Nottingham having >33,000, and Nottingham Trent University having ~27,000, according to the respective university websites.[17][18] Contents 1 History 2 Government 2.1 Local government 2.2 UK Parliament 2.3 European Parliament 2.4 Other 3 Geography 3.1 Map 3.2 Within the city 3.3 Around the city 3.4 Climate 3.5 Air quality 3.6 Green Belt 4 Architecture 4.1 Lace Market 4.2 Pubs 5 Education 6 Economy 6.1 Shopping 6.1.1 History 6.1.2 Other shopping outlets 6.2 Enterprise zone 6.3 Creative-quarter 7 Culture 7.1 Theatres 7.2 Galleries and museums 7.3 Cinemas 7.4 Music and entertainment 7.5 Arts and crafts 7.6 Food 7.7 Tourism 7.8 People 7.9 Miscellaneous 8 Sport 9 Transport 10 Crime 11 Religion 12 Demography 13 Media 13.1 Television 13.2 Radio 13.2.1 Student radio 13.3 Newspapers and magazines 13.4 Film 14 Twin cities 15 Notable people 15.1 List of Mayors and Lord Mayors 15.2 The Sheriff of Nottingham 16 See also 17 References 18 External links History[edit] Main article: History of Nottingham See also: Timeline of Nottingham The city predates Anglo-Saxon times and was known in Brythonic as Tigguo Cobauc, meaning Place of Caves (known also as "City of Caves"). In modern Welsh it is known poetically as Y Ty Ogofog and Irish as Na Tithe Uaimh "The Cavey Dwelling".[19] When it fell under the rule of a Saxon chieftain named Snot it became known as "Snotingaham"; the homestead of Snot's people (-inga = the people of; -ham = homestead).[20] Some authors derive "Nottingham" from Snottenga, caves, and ham, but "this has nothing to do with the English form".[21] Nottingham Castle Nottingham Castle was constructed in 1068 on a sandstone outcrop by the River Leen. The Anglo-Saxon settlement was originally confined to the area today known as the Lace Market and was surrounded by a substantial defensive ditch and rampart, which fell out of use following the Norman Conquest and was filled by the time of the Domesday Survey (1086).[22] Following the Norman Conquest the Saxon settlement developed into the English Borough of Nottingham and housed a Town Hall and Law Courts. A settlement also developed around the castle on the hill opposite and was the French borough supporting the Normans in the castle. Eventually, the space between was built on as the town grew and the Old Market Square became the focus of Nottingham several centuries later.[22] Defences, consisted initially of a ditch and bank in the early 12th century. The ditch was later widened, in the mid-13th century, and a stone wall built around much of the perimeter of the town. A short length of the wall survives, and is visible at the northern end of Maid Marian Way, and is protected as a Scheduled Monument.[22] On the return of Richard the Lionheart from the Crusades, the castle was occupied by supporters of Prince John, including the Sheriff of Nottingham. It was besieged by Richard and, after a sharp conflict, was captured.[23] In the legends of Robin Hood, Nottingham Castle is the scene of the final showdown between the Sheriff and the hero outlaw.[24] Nottingham from the east, c. 1695, painted by Jan Siberechts By the 15th century Nottingham had established itself as a centre of a thriving export trade in religious sculpture made from Nottingham Alabaster.[25] The town became a county corporate in 1449[26] giving it effective self-government, in the words of the charter, "for eternity". The Castle and Shire Hall were expressly excluded and remained as detached Parishes of Nottinghamshire. One of those highly impressed by Nottingham in the late 18th century was the German traveller C. P. Moritz, who wrote in 1782, "Of all the towns I have seen outside London, Nottingham is the loveliest and neatest. Everything had a modern look, and a large space in the centre was hardly less handsome than a London square. A charming footpath leads over the fields to the highway, where a bridge spans the Trent. … Nottingham … with its high houses, red roofs and church steeples, looks excellent from a distance."[27] During the Industrial Revolution, much of Nottingham's prosperity was founded on the textile industry; in particular, the city became an internationally important centre of lace manufacture. In 1831 citizens rioted in protest against the Duke of Newcastle's opposition to the Reform Act 1832, setting fire to his residence, Nottingham Castle. Nottingham in 1831 In common with the UK textile industry, Nottingham's textile sector fell into decline in the decades following World War II.[citation needed] Little textile manufacture now takes place in Nottingham; however, many of the former industrial buildings in the Lace Market district have been restored and put to new uses. Nottingham was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, and at that time consisted of the parishes of St Mary, St Nicholas and St Peter. It was expanded in 1877 by adding the parishes of Basford, Brewhouse Yard, Bulwell, Radford, Sneinton, Standard Hill, and parts of the parishes of West Bridgford, Carlton, Wilford (North Wilford). In 1889 Nottingham became a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888. City status was awarded as part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of Queen Victoria, being signified in a letter from the prime minister, the Marquess of Salisbury to the mayor, dated 18 June 1897. Nottingham was extended in 1933 by adding Bilborough and Wollaton, parts of the parishes of Bestwood Park and Colwick, and a recently developed part of the Beeston Urban District. A further boundary extension was granted in 1951 when Clifton and Wilford (south of the River Trent) were incorporated into the city.[28][29] Demographic evolution of Nottingham Year Pop. 4th century <37 10th century <1,000 11th century 1,500 Year Pop. 14th century 3,000 Early 17th century 4,000 Late 17th century 5,000 Year Pop. ±% 1801 29,000 —     1811 34,000 +17.2% 1821 40,000 +17.6% 1831 51,000 +27.5% 1841 53,000 +3.9% 1851 58,000 +9.4% 1861 76,000 +31.0% Year Pop. ±% 1871 87,000 +14.5% 1881 159,000 +82.8% 1901 240,000 +50.9% 1911 260,000 +8.3% 1921 269,000 +3.5% 1931 265,000 −1.5% 1951 306,000 +15.5% Year Pop. ±% 1961 312,000 +2.0% 1971 301,000 −3.5% 1981 278,000 −7.6% 1991 273,000 −1.8% 2001 275,000 +0.7% Electric trams were introduced to the city in 1901; they served the city for 35 years until 1936. Trams were reintroduced after 68 years when a new network opened in 2004.[29] In the sporting world, Nottingham is home to the world's oldest professional football club, Notts County, which was formed in 1862. The town's other football club, Nottingham Forest, had a period of success between 1977 and 1993 under manager Brian Clough, winning the First Division, four League Cups, a UEFA Super Cup and two European Cups.[30] During this time Forest signed Trevor Francis, Britain's first £1 million footballer, who joined the club in February 1979 from Birmingham City.[31] The city was the site of race riots in 1958, centred on the St Ann's neighbourhood.[32] During the second half of the 20th century Nottingham saw urban growth with the development of new public and private housing estates and new urban centres, which have engulfed former rural villages such as Bilborough, Wollaton, Gedling and Bramcote. South of the river there has also been expansion with new areas such as Edwalton and West Bridgford, adding to Nottingham's urban sprawl. Although this growth slowed towards the end of the century, the modern pressures for more affordable and council housing is back on the political agenda and there is now pressure on the Green Belt which surrounds the city.[citation needed] Government[edit] Local government[edit] Nottingham Council House Nottingham City Council is a unitary authority based at Nottingham Council House in Old Market Square. It consists of 55 councillors, representing 20 wards, who are elected every four years; the last elections being held on 7 May 2015. The city also has a Lord Mayor who is selected by city councillors from among themselves. The position is ceremonial and has no formal power or authority. The City of Nottingham's boundaries are tightly drawn and exclude several suburbs and satellite towns that are usually considered part of Greater Nottingham. The western suburbs of Beeston, Stapleford and Eastwood are administered by Broxtowe borough council. Further west still, the Nottingham urban district extends into Derbyshire where Ilkeston and Long Eaton are administered by Erewash borough council, and Ripley by Amber Valley. To the north, Hucknall is controlled by Ashfield district council, while in the east Arnold and Carlton form part of the borough of Gedling. South of the river, the suburb of West Bridgford lies in Rushcliffe, as do the outlying villages of Ruddington and Tollerton and the town of Bingham. Map illustrating the boundaries of the city and the wider Greater Nottingham area UK Parliament[edit] Nottingham has three UK parliamentary constituency seats within its boundaries. Nottingham North has been represented since 2017 by Labour MP Alex Norris, Nottingham East since 2010 by Labour MP Chris Leslie and Nottingham South since 2010 by Labour MP Lilian Greenwood. European Parliament[edit] Nottingham lies within the East Midlands European parliamentary constituency. In 2014, it elected five MEPs: Margot Parker (UKIP), Roger Helmer (UKIP), Andrew Lewer (Conservative), Emma McClarkin (Conservative) and Glenis Willmott (Labour).[33] Other[edit] Emergency services are provided by Nottinghamshire Police, Nottinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service and East Midlands Ambulance Service. Geography[edit] Nottingham is situated on an area of low hills[34] along the lower valley of the River Trent, and is surrounded by the Sherwood Forest in the north, the Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire Coalfield in the west, and the Trent and Belvoir Vales in the east and south. Map[edit] [Full screen] Map of Nottingham showing the city boundary Destinations from Nottingham Sheffield, Ripley, Heanor, Chesterfield, Matlock Arnold, Hucknall, Mansfield Gedling, Newark-on-Trent, Southwell, Lincoln University of Nottingham, Beeston, Stapleford, Ilkeston, Wollaton, Derby, Stoke-on-Trent Nottingham Carlton, Grantham, Bingham Long Eaton, East Midlands Airport, Tamworth, Birmingham West Bridgford, Clifton, Ruddington, Edwalton, Leicester, Loughborough Melton Mowbray, Oakham Main article: List of places in Nottinghamshire Within the city[edit] Alexandra Park The Arboretum Aspley Bakersfield Basford Beechdale Bestwood Bestwood Park Bilborough Broxtowe Bulwell Bulwell Hall Carrington Cinderhill Clifton Dunkirk Forest Fields Highbury Vale Hockley Hyson Green Lace Market Lenton Lenton Abbey Mapperley Mapperley Park The Meadows New Basford Nottingham City Centre Old Basford The Park Radford Rise Park Sherwood Sherwood Rise Silverdale Snape Wood Sneinton St Anns Strelley Thorneywood Top Valley Whitemoor Wilford Wollaton Around the city[edit] Arnold Attenborough Beeston Bestwood Village Bingham Bramcote Bulcote Burton Joyce Calverton Carlton Chilwell Colwick Cotgrave Daybrook Eastwood East Leake Edwalton Gamston Gedling Giltbrook Heanor (Derbyshire) Holme Pierrepont Hucknall Ilkeston (Derbyshire) Keyworth Killisick Kimberley Kirkby-in-Ashfield Lady Bay Langley Mill (Derbyshire) Lambley Long Eaton (Derbyshire) Lowdham Mansfield Netherfield Nuthall Radcliffe-on-Trent Redhill Ripley (Derbyshire) Ruddington Sandiacre (Derbyshire) Sawley (Derbyshire) Stapleford Strelley Village Sutton-in-Ashfield Toton Trowell Warren Hill West Bridgford Woodthorpe Climate[edit] Like the rest of the United Kingdom, Nottingham has a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) and experiences warm mild summers and mild to cool winters with abundant precipitation throughout the year. There are weather-reporting stations close to Nottingham—the former "Nottingham Weather Centre", at Watnall, about 6 miles (10 km) north-west of the city centre; and the University of Nottingham's agricultural campus at Sutton Bonington, about 10 miles (16 km) to the south-west of the city centre. The highest temperature recorded in Nottingham (Watnall) stands at 34.6 °C (94.3 °F),[35] whilst at Sutton Bonington stands at 34.8 °C (94.6 °F)[36] both recorded on 3 August 1990, and the record-high minimum temperature is 19.9 °C (67.8 °F)[37] recorded in August 2004. On average, a temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) or above is recorded on 11.0 days per year[38] at Watnall (1981–2010), and the warmest day of the year reaches an average of 29.4 °C (84.9 °F).[39] For the period 1981–2010 Nottingham (Watnall) recorded on average 42.9 days of air frost per year,[40] and Sutton Bonington 47.1.[41] The lowest recorded temperature in Nottingham (Watnall) is −13.3 °C (8.1 °F) recorded in January 1963[42] and January 1987.[43] The record-low maximum temperature is −6.3 °C (20.7 °F)[44] recorded in January 1963. For the period of 1981–2010, the coldest temperature of the year reaches an average of −6.6 °C (20.1 °F)[45] in Nottingham (Watnall). Climate data for Nottingham Watnall[a], elevation: 117 m or 384 ft, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1960–present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 14.5 (58.1) 17.3 (63.1) 22.8 (73) 25.6 (78.1) 27.6 (81.7) 30.8 (87.4) 33.9 (93) 34.6 (94.3) 29.2 (84.6) 28.4 (83.1) 17.9 (64.2) 15.0 (59) 34.6 (94.3) Mean maximum °C (°F) 11.8 (53.2) 12.5 (54.5) 15.5 (59.9) 19.6 (67.3) 23.7 (74.7) 26.3 (79.3) 27.8 (82) 27.4 (81.3) 23.7 (74.7) 19.2 (66.6) 14.8 (58.6) 12.5 (54.5) 29.4 (84.9) Average high °C (°F) 6.6 (43.9) 7.0 (44.6) 9.7 (49.5) 12.5 (54.5) 16.1 (61) 18.9 (66) 21.3 (70.3) 21.0 (69.8) 17.9 (64.2) 13.7 (56.7) 9.4 (48.9) 6.7 (44.1) 13.4 (56.1) Daily mean °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 4.1 (39.4) 6.3 (43.3) 8.4 (47.1) 11.6 (52.9) 14.5 (58.1) 16.7 (62.1) 16.5 (61.7) 14.0 (57.2) 10.4 (50.7) 6.7 (44.1) 4.2 (39.6) 9.8 (49.6) Average low °C (°F) 1.3 (34.3) 1.1 (34) 2.8 (37) 4.3 (39.7) 7.1 (44.8) 10.0 (50) 12.1 (53.8) 12.0 (53.6) 10.0 (50) 7.1 (44.8) 3.9 (39) 1.6 (34.9) 6.1 (43) Mean minimum °C (°F) −4.5 (23.9) −4.1 (24.6) −2.5 (27.5) −0.9 (30.4) 2.1 (35.8) 5.4 (41.7) 8.0 (46.4) 7.6 (45.7) 5.3 (41.5) 1.0 (33.8) −2.1 (28.2) −4.5 (23.9) −6.6 (20.1) Record low °C (°F) −13.3 (8.1) −11.1 (12) −10.6 (12.9) −4.6 (23.7) −2.1 (28.2) 1.0 (33.8) 4.4 (39.9) 4.5 (40.1) 0.9 (33.6) −3.1 (26.4) −9.2 (15.4) −12.0 (10.4) −13.3 (8.1) Average precipitation mm (inches) 61.2 (2.409) 47.2 (1.858) 49.5 (1.949) 53.8 (2.118) 51.8 (2.039) 62.5 (2.461) 57.6 (2.268) 62.0 (2.441) 58.6 (2.307) 71.2 (2.803) 65.7 (2.587) 68.6 (2.701) 709.4 (27.929) Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.8 10.0 11.1 9.9 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.4 9.4 11.2 11.8 12.1 124.2 Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.7 73.2 104.2 141.0 181.6 170.6 191.1 180.1 131.2 99.4 63.7 49.2 1,440.1 Source #1: Met Office[46] Source #2: KNMI[47][48] Climate data for Nottingham Watnall, elevation: 117 m or 384 ft, 1971–2000 normals Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 6.3 (43.3) 6.6 (43.9) 9.4 (48.9) 11.9 (53.4) 15.7 (60.3) 18.4 (65.1) 21.1 (70) 20.7 (69.3) 17.5 (63.5) 13.4 (56.1) 9.1 (48.4) 7.2 (45) 13.1 (55.6) Daily mean °C (°F) 3.7 (38.7) 3.8 (38.8) 5.9 (42.6) 7.9 (46.2) 11.1 (52) 13.9 (57) 16.4 (61.5) 16.1 (61) 13.5 (56.3) 10.1 (50.2) 6.3 (43.3) 4.6 (40.3) 9.4 (48.9) Average low °C (°F) 1.1 (34) 1.0 (33.8) 2.5 (36.5) 3.9 (39) 6.6 (43.9) 9.5 (49.1) 11.7 (53.1) 11.6 (52.9) 9.5 (49.1) 6.7 (44.1) 3.5 (38.3) 2.0 (35.6) 5.8 (42.4) Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.8 (2.551) 51.1 (2.012) 54.2 (2.134) 52.2 (2.055) 49.8 (1.961) 61.1 (2.406) 52.0 (2.047) 57.0 (2.244) 59.3 (2.335) 64.5 (2.539) 63.2 (2.488) 70.9 (2.791) 700.5 (27.579) Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.0 10.1 11.9 9.6 9.2 9.1 8.1 8.8 9.0 10.9 11.0 12.5 122.3 Source: KNMI[49] Climate data for Sutton Bonington[b], elevation: 48 m or 157 ft, 1981–2010 normals Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 7.5 (45.5) 10.3 (50.5) 12.9 (55.2) 16.3 (61.3) 19.2 (66.6) 21.7 (71.1) 21.4 (70.5) 18.4 (65.1) 14.2 (57.6) 10.0 (50) 7.3 (45.1) 13.9 (57) Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4 (39.9) 4.4 (39.9) 6.7 (44.1) 8.5 (47.3) 11.6 (52.9) 14.5 (58.1) 16.8 (62.2) 16.7 (62.1) 14.2 (57.6) 10.7 (51.3) 7.1 (44.8) 4.5 (40.1) 10.0 (50) Average low °C (°F) 1.6 (34.9) 1.3 (34.3) 3.0 (37.4) 4.1 (39.4) 6.8 (44.2) 9.8 (49.6) 11.9 (53.4) 11.9 (53.4) 9.9 (49.8) 7.2 (45) 4.1 (39.4) 1.7 (35.1) 6.1 (43) Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.2 (2.055) 38.9 (1.531) 43.9 (1.728) 48.9 (1.925) 44.2 (1.74) 60.2 (2.37) 54.1 (2.13) 55.5 (2.185) 51.0 (2.008) 61.0 (2.402) 54.5 (2.146) 55.9 (2.201) 620.2 (24.417) Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.9 9.1 10.6 9.7 8.7 9.4 8.7 8.6 8.2 10.2 10.2 10.9 115.2 Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.3 74.4 107.4 143.9 178.2 158.1 188.0 179.0 134.1 104.0 60.9 43.3 1,423.5 Source: Met Office[50] Air quality[edit] In 2017 it was reported that Nottingham is one of a number of UK cities that break WHO air pollution guidelines for the maximum concentration of small particulate matter. Pollution in part being caused by harmful wood-burning stoves.[51] Green Belt[edit] Further information: Nottingham and Derby Green Belt Nottingham is bounded by a green belt area, provisionally drawn up from the 1950s. Completely encircling the city, it extends for several miles into the surrounding districts, as well as towards Derby. Architecture[edit] The geographical centre of Nottingham is usually defined as the Old Market Square.[citation needed] The square is dominated by the Council House, which replaced the Nottingham Exchange Building, built in 1726. The Council House was built in the 1920s to display civic pride, ostentatiously using baroque columns and placing stone statues of two lions at the front to stand watch over the square. The Exchange Arcade, on the ground floor, is an upmarket shopping centre containing boutiques. Nottingham Trent University, Arkwright Building Tall office buildings line Maid Marian Way. The Georgian area around Oxford and Regent Streets is dominated by small professional firms. The Albert Hall faces the Gothic revival St Barnabas' Roman Catholic Cathedral by Pugin. Nottingham Castle and its grounds are located further south in the western third of the city. The central third descends from the University district in the north, past Nottingham Trent University's Gothic revival Arkwright Building. The university also owns many other buildings in this area. The Theatre Royal on Theatre Square, with its pillared façade, was built in 1865. King and Queen Streets are home to striking Victorian buildings designed by such architects as Alfred Waterhouse and Watson Fothergill.[citation needed] To the south, is Broadmarsh Shopping Centre. The Canal-side further south of this is adjacent to Nottingham railway station and home to numerous redeveloped 19th-century industrial buildings, reused as bars and restaurants.[citation needed] The eastern third of the city centre contains the Victoria Shopping Centre, built in the 1970s on the site of the demolished Victoria Railway Station. All that remains of the old station is the clock tower and the station hotel, now the Nottingham Hilton Hotel. The 250-foot-high Victoria Centre flats stand above the shopping centre and are the tallest buildings in the city. The eastern third contains Hockley Village. Hockley is where many of Nottingham's unique, independent shops are to be found. It is also home to two alternative cinemas. Lace Market[edit] Galleries of Justice in the Lace Market The Lace Market area just south of Hockley has streets with four to seven-storey red brick warehouses, iron railings and red phone boxes. Buildings have been converted into apartments, bars and restaurants. Adams Building, built by Thomas Chambers Hine for Thomas Adams (1817–1873), is currently used by New College Nottingham. The Georgian-built Shire Hall is home to the Galleries of Justice and was Nottingham's main court and prison building. Pubs[edit] Ye Olde Trip To Jerusalem (the Trip), partially built into the cave system beneath Nottingham Castle, is a contender for the title of England's Oldest Pub, as it is supposed to have been established in 1189.[52]The Bell Inn in the Old Market Square, and Ye Olde Salutation Inn (the Salutation) in Maid Marian Way have both disputed this claim. The Trip's current timber building probably dates back to the 17th or 18th century, but the caves are certainly older and may have been used to store beer and water for the castle during medieval times. There are also caves beneath the Salutation that date back to the medieval period, although they are no longer used as beer cellars. The Bell Inn is probably the oldest of the three pub buildings still standing, according to dendrochronology, and has medieval cellars that are still used to store beer.[53] Education[edit] The south side of Nottingham High School See also: Education in Nottingham and List of schools in Nottingham Over 61,000 students attend the city's two universities, Nottingham Trent University and the University of Nottingham, both of which have several campuses in the city. In 2011/12, Nottingham Trent University had 27,930 students, and the University of Nottingham had 35,630.[54] The University of Nottingham Medical School is part of the Queen's Medical Centre.[55] Four further education colleges are located in Nottingham. Bilborough College is solely a sixth-form college. Central College was formed from the merger of South Nottingham College and Castle College. New College was formed from a merger of four smaller further education colleges.[citation needed]. The Confetti Institute of Creative Technologies is a further education college that specialises in media, and is owned by Nottingham Trent University.[56] Nottingham also has dozens of sixth-form colleges and academies that provide education and training for adults aged over sixteen.[57] Nottingham also has a number of independent schools, with Nottingham High School—which was founded in 1513[58][59]—being the city's oldest educational establishment.[citation needed] Economy[edit] Part of the HMRC Castle Meadow Campus in Nottingham In 2010, Nottingham City Council announced that the target sectors of their economic development strategy would include low-carbon technologies; digital media; life sciences; financial and business services; and retail and leisure.[60] Nottingham is home to the headquarters of several companies. These include Alliance Boots (formerly Boots the Chemists); Chinook Sciences; GM (cricket bats); Pedigree pet food; VF Cooperation (American clothing); Changan Automobile (Chinese-made automobiles); the credit reference agency Experian; energy company E.ON UK; betting company Gala Group; amusement and gambling machine manufacturer Bell-Fruit-Games; engineering company Siemens; sportswear manufacturers Speedo; high-street opticians Vision Express and Specsavers; games and publishing company Games Workshop; PC software developer Serif Europe (publisher of PagePlus and other titles); web hosting provider Heart Internet; the American credit card company Capital One; and the national law firm Browne Jacobson. Nottingham also has offices of Nottingham Building Society (established 1849); HM Revenue and Customs; the Driving Standards Agency; Ofsted; the Care Quality Commission; and BBC East Midlands. Nottingham was named one of the UK's six science cities in 2005 by the then Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown. Among the science-based industries within the city is BioCity. Founded as a joint venture between Nottingham Trent University and the University of Nottingham, it is the UK's biggest bioscience innovation and incubation centre, housing around 80 science-based companies.[61] Economic trends Year Regional Gross Value Added (£m) Agriculture (£m) Industry (£m) Services (£m) 1995 4,149 2 1,292 2,855 2000 5,048 1 912 4,135 2003 5,796 – 967 4,828 source: Office for National Statistics Until recently, bicycle manufacturing was a major industry: the city was the birthplace of Raleigh Cycles in 1886, later joined by Sturmey-Archer, the developer of three-speed hub gears. However, Raleigh's factory on Triumph Road, famous as the location for the filming of Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, was demolished in 2003 to make way for the University of Nottingham's expansion of its Jubilee Campus. The schools and aerial photographers, H Tempest Ltd, were Nottingham-based for many years, until relocating to St. Ives (Cornwall) around 1960. Nottingham is also host to the UK's first and only local authority-owned and not-for-profit energy company: Robin Hood Energy.[62][63] In 2015, Nottingham was ranked in the top 10 UK cities for job growth (from 2004 to 2013), in the public and private sectors.[64] And in the same year, it was revealed that more new companies were started in Nottingham in 2014-15 than in any other UK city, with a 68% year-on-year increase.[65] Shopping[edit] The Exchange Arcade inside the Council House In 2014, Nottingham came seventh in CACI's Retail Footprint rankings of retail expenditure in the UK, behind the West End of London, Glasgow, Birmingham, Manchester and Liverpool.[I make that 6th][66] This is a slip of four places since 2010, primarily due to major developments in other parts of the UK and a relative lack of investment in Nottingham. However Intu, the owners of the two main shopping centres (the Victoria Centre and the Broadmarsh Centre) have plans to upgrade and extend them both.[67] The Victoria Centre was built on the site of the former Nottingham Victoria railway station, and was the first to be built in the city, with parking for up to 2,400 cars on several levels, and a bus station. History[edit] Nottingham City Council, then owners of the Broadmarsh Centre, had been trying to redevelop it for "almost two decades".[68] Work on redeveloping Broadmarsh, at a cost of £400 million (creating 400 stores, 136,000 m2 of shopping space), was due to start in 2008.[citation needed] However, the economic downturn meant that redevelopment was delayed throughout from 2008 to 2010. In the light of the Victoria Centre's redevelopment plans, Westfield announced in 2011 that it was once again planning a £500 million development of Broadmarsh, which would start in 2012. This, however, did not happen either. Broadmarsh was finally sold to Capital Shopping Centres, the owners of the Victoria Centre. The purchase prompted an investigation by the Office of Fair Trading and the Competition Commission, who were concerned that the company's monopoly over the city's shopping centres could have a negative impact on competition.[69] CSC subsequently rebranded itself and the centres use the "Intu" name. Although the new owners wished to start the planned development of the Victoria Centre, Nottingham City Council insisted that Broadmarsh must have priority, with the Council offering £50 million towards its redevelopment.[70] The deputy leader of Nottingham City Council said the Council would withhold planning permission for the development of the Victoria Centre until they saw "bulldozers going into the Broadmarsh Centre."[68] Other shopping outlets[edit] Smaller shopping centres in the city are The Exchange Arcade, the Flying Horse Walk and newer developments in Trinity Square and The Pod. The Bridlesmith Gate area has numerous designer shops, and is the home of the original Paul Smith boutique. There are various side streets and alleys with some interesting and often overlooked buildings and shops—such as Poultry Walk, West End Arcade and Hurts Yard. These are home to many specialist shops, as is Derby Road, near the Roman Catholic Cathedral and once the antiques area. Nottingham has a number of department stores including the House of Fraser, John Lewis and Debenhams. Enterprise zone[edit] In March 2011, the government announced the creation of Nottingham Enterprise Zone, an enterprise zone sited on part of the Boots Estate.[71] In March 2012, Nottingham Science Park, Beeston Business Park and Nottingham Medipark were added to the zone.[72] In December 2014, the government announced that the zone would be expanded again, to include Infinity Park Derby, a planned business park for aerospace, rail and automotive technology adjacent to the Rolls-Royce site in Sinfin, Derby.[73] Creative-quarter[edit] The Creative Quarter is a project started by Nottingham City Council as part of the Nottingham City Deal. Centred on the east of the city (including the Lace Market, Hockley, Broadmarsh East, the Island site and BioCity), the project aims at creating growth and jobs. In July 2012, the government contributed £25 million towards a £45 million venture capital fund, mainly targeted at the Creative Quarter.[74] Culture[edit] The Nottingham Playhouse and the Roman Catholic Cathedral reflected in Anish Kapoor's Sky Mirror Theatres[edit] Nottingham has two large-capacity theatres, the Nottingham Playhouse and the Theatre Royal, which together with the neighbouring Royal Concert Hall forms the Royal Centre. The city also contains smaller theatre venues such as the Nottingham Arts Theatre, the Lace Market Theatre and New Theatre. Galleries and museums[edit] The city contains several notable museums and art galleries including: The National Justice Museum – Museum of Law Trust based at the Shire Hall in the Lace Market Green's Windmill and Science Centre – A unique working windmill in the heart of the city that was home to the 19th-century mathematical physicist and miller, George Green. Nottingham Castle Museum – home to the city's fine and decorative art collections, along with the Story of Nottingham galleries, and the Sherwood Foresters Regimental Museum. Nottingham Contemporary – Contemporary art gallery, which opened in 2009. New Art Exchange - Contemporary art gallery, the largest in the UK dedicated to showing diverse artists, opened in 2008 Nottingham Industrial Museum – in Wollaton Park. Nottingham Natural History Museum – based at Wollaton Hall. National Videogame Arcade – Museum showing recognition, history and the games of the past to the present, based in the Creative Quarter Cinemas[edit] There is a Cineworld and a Showcase in the city. Independent cinemas include the Arthouse Broadway Cinema in Hockley,[75] and the four-screen Art Deco Savoy Cinema.[76] Music and entertainment[edit] The Albert Hall, Nottingham, one of the city's music venues Nottingham has several large music and entertainment venues including the Royal Concert Hall, Rock City, Nottingham Royal Concert Hall (2,500-capacity) and the Nottingham Arena (Social centre). Nottingham's City Ground played host to rock band R.E.M. in 2005, the first time a concert had been staged at the football stadium.[77] Nottingham also has a selection of smaller venues, including the Albert Hall (800-capacity), Ye Olde Salutation Inn, Malt Cross, Rescue Rooms, the Bodega, the Old Angel, the Central, the Maze, the Chameleon and the Corner. 1960s Blues-rock band Ten Years After formed in Nottingham, as did the 1970s pop act Paper Lace and the critically acclaimed Tindersticks. Since the beginning of the 2010s, the city has produced a number of artists to gain media attention, including; Jake Bugg, London Grammar, Indiana, Sleaford Mods, Natalie Duncan, Ady Suleiman, Dog Is Dead, Saint Raymond, Childhood, Rue Royale, Spotlight Kid and Amber Run. The city has an active classical music scene, with long-established ensembles such as the city's Symphony Orchestra, Philharmonic Orchestra, Nottingham Harmonic Society, Bach Choir, Early Music Group Musica Donum Dei and the Symphonic Wind Orchestra giving regular performances in the city.[citation needed] The Sumac Centre is a social centre in Forest Fields. Wollaton Park in Nottingham hosts an annual family-friendly music event called Splendour. In 2009 it was headlined by Madness and the Pogues. The following year it was headlined by the Pet Shop Boys and featured, among others, Calvin Harris, Noisettes, Athlete and OK Go.[78] In 2011, it featured headline acts Scissor Sisters, Blondie, Eliza Doolittle and Feeder. In 2012, performers included Dizzee Rascal, Razorlight, Katy B and Hard-Fi. In 2014, Wollaton Park hosted the first-ever No Tomorrow Festival, featuring the likes of Sam Smith, London Grammar and Clean Bandit.[79] Nottingham is known for its hip-hop scene.[80] Rofl Audio Recording Studios opened in 2013.[81] Arts and crafts[edit] The Hockley Arts Market runs alongside Sneinton Market. Food[edit] There are several hundred restaurants in Nottingham, with there being several AA rosette winning restaurants in 2010[82] Iberico World Tapas, located in the city centre, was awarded a Bib Gourmand in the 2013 Michelin Guide.[83] Sat Bains, on the edge of the city, near Clifton Bridge, is a two-star Michelin restaurant. Tourism[edit] Ferris wheel in Old Market Square In 2010, the city was named as one of the "Top 10 Cities to Visit in 2010" by DK Travel.[84] In 2013 it was estimated the city received 247,000 overseas visitors.[85] There is a Robin Hood Pageant in Nottingham in October. The city is home to the Nottingham Robin Hood Society, founded in 1972 by Jim Lees and Steve and Ewa Theresa West.[86] In February 2008, a Ferris wheel was put up in the Old Market Square and was an attraction of Nottingham City Council's "Light Night" on 8 February. The wheel returned to Nottingham in February 2009 to mark another night of lights, activities, illuminations and entertainment. Initially marketed as the Nottingham Eye, it was later redubbed as the Nottingham Wheel, to avoid any association with the London Eye.[87] It was seen again in 2010 and 2015. New buildings on the south side of the Lace Market area People[edit] Many local businesses and organisations use the worldwide fame of Robin Hood to represent or promote their brands. Many residents converse in the East Midlands dialect. The friendly term of greeting "Ay-up me duck" is a humorous example of the local dialect.[88] but with an unclear origin. Miscellaneous[edit] In 2015 the National Videogame Arcade was opened in the Hockley area of the city; being "the UK's first cultural centre for videogames".[89] Nottingham has hosted an annual Asian Mela every summer since about 1989.[90] Nottingham also hosts a parade on St Patrick's Day,[91] Fireworks at the Chinese New Year, Holi in the Park celebrating Hinduism,[citation needed] a West Indian-style carnival, and several Sikh events.[92] Nottingham has featured in a number of fictional works. Sport[edit] Main article: Sport in Nottingham City Ground by the River Trent Nottingham is home to two professional football clubs: Notts County and Nottingham Forest. Their two football grounds, facing each other on opposite sides of the River Trent, are noted for geographically being the closest in English league football. Notts County, formed in 1862, is the oldest professional football club in the world.[93] They were also among the Football League's founder members in 1888. For most of their history they have played their home games at Meadow Lane, which currently holds some 20,000 spectators, all seated. They currently play in Football League Two, at Level 4 in the English football league system (most recently played at Level 1 in May 1992).[94] Nottingham Forest, who currently play in the Level 2 Football League Championship, were English Level 1 champions in 1978 and won the European Cup twice over the next two seasons under the management of Brian Clough, who was the club's manager from January 1975 to May 1993, leading them to four Football League Cup triumphs in that time. They have played at the City Ground, on the south bank of the River Trent, since 1898. Nottingham Forest joined the Football League in 1892, four years after its inception when it merged with the rival Football Alliance, and 100 years later, they were among the FA Premier League's founder members in 1992—though they have not played top division football since May 1999.[95] The City Ground played host to group stage games in the 1996 European Football Championships.[96] Nottingham won the title of 2015 City of Football after five months of campaigning, which resulted in £1.6m in funding for local football ventures and to encourage more people to play the sport.[97] Nottingham was selected to be a host city for the England 2018 FIFA World Cup bid.[98] It was proposed that if the bid were successful, the city would have received a new Nottingham Forest Stadium.[99] Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club play at Trent Bridge—an international cricket venue. The club were 2010 Cricket County Champions. Trent Bridge cricket ground is a host of Test Cricket, and was one of the venues for the 2009 ICC World Twenty20. The Rugby team, Nottingham R.F.C., have played their home games at League One, Notts County's Meadow Lane stadium since 2006. In January 2015 they will play home matches at their training base, Lady Bay Sports Ground. Currently in the RFU Championship, if Nottingham are promoted to the Rugby Premiership they will return to Meadow Lane for home matches.[100]Nottingham Outlaws are an amateur Rugby League club who play in the Rugby League Conference National Division. The Nottingham Caesars who were formed in 1984 play in the British American Football League at the Harvey Hadden Stadium. The city was the birthplace and training location for ice dancers Torvill and Dean, who won Gold at the 1984 Sarajevo Olympics. The National Ice Centre, opened by Bob the Builder, is a national centre for ice sports. The square in-front of the centre is named "Bolero Square" after Torvill and Dean's perfect 6.0 performance. Nottingham is home to the Nottingham Panthers ice hockey team. Other sporting events in the city include the annual tennis Aegon Trophy (which is staged at the City of Nottingham Tennis Centre), the Robin Hood Marathon, Milk Race, the Great Nottinghamshire Bike Ride[101] and the Outlaw Triathlon.[102] Nottingham also has two Roller derby teams: the Nottingham Roller Girls[103] and the Hellfire Harlots.[104] In October 2015, Nottingham was named as the official Home of Sport by VisitEngland for its contributions and recognition of the developments of the games of Football, Cricket, Ice Hockey in Britain, Boxing, Tennis and general Athletics, Gymnastics and Water sports. Transport[edit] Main article: Transport in Nottingham Nottingham railway station Nottingham is served by East Midlands Airport (formerly known as Nottingham East Midlands Airport until it reverted to its original name), near Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, just under 15 miles (24 km) south-west of the city centre. Nottingham Station, the second busiest railway station in the Midlands for passenger entries and exits,[105] provides rail services for the city; with connections operated by CrossCountry, East Midlands Trains and Northern. British Waterways building (formerly the Trent Navigation Company warehouse) on the Nottingham Canal The reintroduction of trams in 2004 made Nottingham the newest of only six English cities to have a light rail system.[106] The trams run from the city centre to Hucknall in the north, with a spur to the Phoenix Park Park and Ride close to Junction 26 of the M1. Two new lines opened in 2015 extending the network to the southern suburbs of Wilford and Clifton and the western suburbs of Beeston and Chilwell.[107] The city has the largest public bus network in the UK,[12] In September 2010, Nottingham was named "England's least car-dependent city" by the Campaign for Better Transport with London and Manchester in second and fourth place respectively.[108] In November 2010, Nottingham City Council won Transport Authority of the Year by the UK Bus Awards, for services for providing safer and sustainable public transport.[109][110] Nottingham's waterways, now primarily used for leisure, have been extensively used for transport in the past. Crime[edit] Nottingham is served by Nottinghamshire Police and has a Crown Court and Magistrates' Court. Laurie Macdonald of Inside One magazine observes that the city's former high crime rate earned it the nickname "Shottingham", but that by 2013 this image was outdated. The article was written in response to a uSwitch survey that had found south Nottinghamshire to be the fourth-best place to live in the UK in terms of living standards. Crime in Nottingham had also fallen by three-quarters since 2007.[111] Religion[edit] The Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Barnabas from Derby Road Unitarian Chapel on High Pavement, now the Pitcher and Piano public house Historically, the requirement for city status was the presence of a (Church of England) cathedral. Nottingham, however, does not have one, having only been designated a city in 1897, in celebration of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. From around AD 1100 Nottingham was part of the Diocese of Lichfield, controlled as an archdeaconry from Lichfield Cathedral in Staffordshire. However, in 1837 the archdeaconry was placed under the control of the Diocese of Lincoln. In 1884 it became part of the newly created Diocese of Southwell, which it, and the city, are still part of today. The bishop is based at Southwell Minster, 14 miles (23 km) north-east of the city. Despite not having a cathedral, Nottingham has three notable historic Anglican parish churches, all of which date back to the Middle Ages. St. Mary the Virgin, in the Lace Market, is the oldest and largest. The church dates from the eighth or ninth centuries, but the present building is at least the third on the site, dating primarily from 1377 to 1485. St. Mary's is considered the mother church of the city and civic services are held here, including the welcome to the new Lord Mayor of Nottingham each year. It is a member of the Greater Churches Group. St. Peter's in the heart of the city is the oldest building in continuous use in Nottingham, with traces of building starting in 1180. St. Nicholas' is the third. A variety of chapels and meeting rooms are in the town. Many of these grand buildings have been demolished, including Halifax Place Wesleyan Chapel, but some have been re-used, notably High Pavement Chapel which is now a public house. There are three Christadelphian meeting halls in the city and the national headquarters of the Congregational Federation is in Nottingham. Nottingham is one of 18 British cities that do not have an Anglican cathedral.[112][113] It is, however, home to the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Barnabas, which was designed by Augustus Pugin and consecrated in 1844. It is the cathedral church for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Nottingham. Today there are places of worship for all major religions, including Christianity and Islam with 32 mosques in Nottingham.[114] Nottingham has 30,000 Muslims, 15,000 Sikhs, 8,000 Hindus and 2,000 Jews.[115] Demography[edit] Main article: Demography of Nottingham Contemporary and projected Population growth in Nottingham Year 1981 1991 2001 2011 2016 2021 2031 Population 263,581 263,526 266,987 305,680 325,282 332,500 354,000 Census[116] ONS[117] ONS Projections[118] The ONS 2014 basis population projections indicate that the city is once again in a phase of steady population growth and that the 350,000 mark should be reached around 2030. The city of Nottingham has a population at 312,900 with the Greater Nottingham population at 729,977 and the Metro population at 1,543,000. The city of Nottingham has a density of 4,073/km2. 65.4% are White British, 6.1% are European/North American, 13.1% Asian, 4.3% African, 1.6% Middle Eastern, 1.1% South/Central American and 8.2% of West Indian origins. Nottingham is a very multi-cultural city with people from 93 different countries and 101 spoken languages with cuisines, religious institutions/places of worship, businesses and supermarkets all over Nottingham especially situated in Hyson Green, Forest Fields, Carrington, Radford, Lenton, Meadows, Dunkirk, Rylands, St Ann's, Sneinton, Aspley, Broxtowe, City, Basford, Bakersfield, Carlton and Arnold. Media[edit] Television[edit] Main articles: BBC East Midlands and Carlton Studios, Nottingham The BBC has its East Midlands headquarters in Nottingham on London Road. BBC East Midlands Today is broadcast from the city every weeknight at 6.30 pm. From 1983 to 2005 Central Television (the ITV region for the east Midlands) had a studio complex on Lenton Lane, producing programmes for various networks and broadcasting regional news. The city was recently granted permission by Ofcom to set up its own local television station. After a tender process, Confetti College was awarded the licence. The station was declared open by Prince Harry in April 2013 and Notts TV began broadcast in spring 2014.[119] Radio[edit] In addition to the national commercial and BBC radio stations, the Nottingham area is served by licensed commercial radio stations (though all broadcast to a wider area than the city). Radio stations include: BBC Radio Nottingham Gold Gem 106 Capital East Midlands Smooth Radio East Midlands Kemet FM Radio Dawn Student radio[edit] The city's two universities both broadcast their own student radio stations. Nottingham Trent University's FlyFM is based at the university's city campus and is broadcast online.[120] Nottingham University's University Radio Nottingham is broadcast around the main and Sutton Bonnington campuses on medium wave (AM), as well as over the internet.[121] Newspapers and magazines[edit] Nottingham's main local newspaper, the Nottingham Post, is owned by Northcliffe Media and is published daily from Monday to Saturday each week. LeftLion magazine (established 2003) is distributed for free across the city. Covering Nottingham culture including music, art, theatre, comedy, food and drink. Student tabloid The Tab also publishes online content and has teams at both universities.[122][123] Film[edit] Wollaton Hall was used as Wayne Manor in the Batman film The Dark Knight Rises. Nottingham has been used as a location in many locally, nationally, and internationally produced films. Movies that have been filmed (partly or entirely) in Nottingham include:[124] Saturday Night and Sunday Morning (1960) The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962) The Ragman's Daughter (1972) Robin Hood (1973) In Celebration (1975) Twenty Four Seven (1997) Once Upon a Time in the Midlands (2002) This Is England (2006) Magicians (2007) Control (2007) Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007) Mum & Dad (2008) Easy Virtue (2008) Bronson (2009) The Unloved (2009) Le Donk & Scor-zay-zee (2009) Goal 3 (2009) Bunny and the Bull (2009) A Boy Called Dad (2009) Oranges and Sunshine (2010) The Dark Knight Rises (2011) Weekend (2011) Twin cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom Nottingham is twinned with the following cities:[125] Ljubljana, Slovenia (1963)[125][126] Minsk, Belarus (1966)[125][127] Karlsruhe, Germany (1969)[125][128] Harare, Zimbabwe (1981)[125] Ghent, Belgium (1985)[125][129] Ningbo, China (2005)[125] Timişoara, Romania (2008)[125] Krasnodar, Russia (2012)[130] Września, Poland[131] Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Nottingham See also: Category:People from Nottingham List of Mayors and Lord Mayors[edit] Main article: Lord Mayor of Nottingham The Sheriff of Nottingham[edit] Main articles: Sheriff of Nottingham and Sheriff of Nottingham (position) See also[edit] List of public art in Nottingham 1185 East Midlands earthquake Snotingas References[edit] ^ "Nottingham, "The Queen City of the Midlands," The official guide, Sixth Edition (1927)". 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Retrieved 13 July 2010.  ^ "Line Up". No Tomorrow Festival. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015.  ^ Atkinson, Mike (29 September 2011). "Nottingham's music scene: soon to be heard?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 March 2013.  ^ "Georgie Rose in session at ROFL Audio for this weekend's Sound of Nottingham". Musicnottingham.com. 23 August 2013. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2014.  ^ "restaurant guide". Go dine. Retrieved 13 July 2010.  ^ Stagg, James. (27 September 2012) New Michelin Bib Gourmands for 38 restaurants – Caterer and Hotelkeeper. Caterersearch.com. Retrieved 17 July 2013. ^ Bremner, Charles; Robertson, David (25 November 2009). "The Top 10 cities to visit in 2010". The Times. London. Retrieved 10 April 2010.  ^ Tourism in England#Heritage Cities in England ^ "obinhood.info". Robinhood.info. 18 November 2001. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2010.  ^ "Big wheel forced to change name". 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Archived from the original on 19 September 2014.  ^ "The 12 cities which will form England's 2018 World Cup bid". Retrieved 10 April 2015.  ^ "Nottingham Forest hope new ground will stage 2018 World Cup matches". Retrieved 10 April 2015.  ^ "Nottingham Rugby to leave Meadow Lane home in 2015". BBC Sports. Retrieved 11 October 2014.  ^ "塾代に使い続けたキャッシング". Greatnottsbikeride.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.  ^ "The Outlaw Triathlon 2018". Visit Nottinghamshire 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ "Nottingham Roller Derby". Retrieved 15 March 2018.  ^ "Hellfire Harlots". Retrieved 22 February 2014.  ^ "Station Usage 2014–15 Data". Office of Rail and Road. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ "Systems in the British Isles – Modern Systems". UK Tram Ltd. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ "Nottingham tram official website". Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2015.  ^ Milmo, Dan (14 September 2010). "Nottingham named England's least car-dependent city". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 September 2013.  ^ "City Council is Bus Authority of the Year". Nottingham City Council. 17 November 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.  ^ "Transport Authority of the Year 2010". Ukbusawards.org.uk. November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.  ^ Macdonald, Laurie (27 November 2013). "Shottingham? I think Notts". Inside One magazine. Milford Scott. Retrieved 4 November 2014. Nottingham seems to have been given a bad reputation by the rest of the country, with nickname 'Shottingham' being the favourite  ^ "City Status". Lovemytown.co.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014.  ^ "Cathedrals". Lovemytown.co.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014.  ^ "UK Mosque Masjid Directory, Muslim directory". Islamicguide.co.uk. Islamic directory.  ^ "Local Business Listings UK, Maps & Directions, Local Events". Locallife.co.uk.  ^ Vision of Britain through time ^ mid year estimate ^ ONS population projections 2014 base / projections uplifted by '21-4,800/'31-5,300 given underestimation at 2016 - c. 5,000/ ^ "Notts TV". Confetti. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013.  ^ "Home". FLY FM. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015.  ^ University Radio Nottingham ^ The Tab — Nottingham ^ The Tab — Trent ^ "Most Popular Titles With Filming Locations Matching "Nottingham"". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 23 March 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h "European networks and city partnerships". Nottingham City Council. 11 March 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.  ^ "[Twin towns and Sister cities of Minsk]" (in Russian). Minsk City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.  ^ "Städtepartnerschaften" [Town twinning] (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. 16 December 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.  ^ "Ghent Zustersteden" [Ghent Sister cities]. Stad Gent (in Dutch). City of Ghent. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ "Ноттингем" [Nottingham]. Krd.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 9 November 2017.  ^ Jakub Goc (22 July 2017). "Historia miasta" [City history]. Września (in Polish). Retrieved 9 November 2017.  Find more aboutNottinghamat Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons Travel guide from Wikivoyage Data from Wikidata External links[edit] Nottingham City Council website v t e Nottingham About Nottingham City Centre Nottingham Urban Area History City Council Sport Transport Education Schools Famous residents Water supply Gas supply Public art Areas of Nottingham Arboretum Aspley Bakersfield Basford Bilborough Bulwell Carrington Clifton Dunkirk Forest Fields Hockley Hyson Green Lace Market Lenton Lenton Abbey Mapperley The Meadows The Park Radford Sherwood Sneinton St Ann's Strelley Top Valley Wilford Wollaton v t e Ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire Unitary authorities Nottingham Boroughs or districts Ashfield Bassetlaw Broxtowe Gedling Mansfield Newark and Sherwood Rushcliffe Major settlements Arnold Beeston Bingham Bircotes Bulwell Cotgrave Eastwood Harworth Hucknall Kimberley Kirkby-in-Ashfield Mansfield Netherfield Newark-on-Trent Nottingham Ollerton Retford Stapleford Southwell Sutton-in-Ashfield West Bridgford WorksopSee also: List of civil parishes in Nottinghamshire Topics Flag Parliamentary constituencies Places ( · by Population) SSSIs Places of interest Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Schools Museums Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs v t e Districts of the East Midlands region of England Derbyshire Amber Valley Bolsover Chesterfield Derby Derbyshire Dales Erewash High Peak North East Derbyshire South Derbyshire Leicestershire Blaby Charnwood Harborough Hinckley and Bosworth Leicester Melton North West Leicestershire Oadby and Wigston Lincolnshire Boston East Lindsey Lincoln North Kesteven South Holland South Kesteven West Lindsey Nottinghamshire Ashfield Bassetlaw Broxtowe Gedling Mansfield Newark and Sherwood Nottingham Rushcliffe Northamptonshire Corby Daventry East Northamptonshire Kettering Northampton South Northamptonshire Wellingborough Rutland Rutland v t e Core Cities Group England Birmingham Bristol Leeds Liverpool Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Nottingham Sheffield Scotland Glasgow Wales Cardiff v t e Cities of the United Kingdom England Bath Birmingham Bradford Brighton and Hove Bristol Cambridge Canterbury Carlisle Chelmsford Chester Chichester Coventry Derby Durham Ely Exeter Gloucester Hereford Kingston upon Hull Lancaster Leeds Leicester Lichfield Lincoln Liverpool London Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Norwich Nottingham Oxford Peterborough Plymouth Portsmouth Preston Ripon St Albans Salford Salisbury Sheffield Southampton Stoke-on-Trent Sunderland Truro Wakefield Wells Westminster Winchester Wolverhampton Worcester York Scotland Aberdeen Dundee Edinburgh Glasgow Inverness Perth Stirling Wales Bangor Cardiff Newport St Asaph St Davids Swansea Northern Ireland Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry v t e Unitary authorities of England Districts Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire East Cheshire West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York Councils Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire East Cheshire West and Chester Cornwall Derby Durham Darlington East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York Local elections Bath and North East Somerset Bedford Blackburn with Darwen Blackpool Bournemouth Bracknell Forest Brighton and Hove Bristol Central Bedfordshire Cheshire East Cheshire West and Chester Cornwall County Durham Darlington Derby East Riding of Yorkshire Halton Hartlepool Herefordshire Isle of Wight Kingston upon Hull Leicester Luton Medway Middlesbrough Milton Keynes North East Lincolnshire North Lincolnshire North Somerset Northumberland Nottingham Peterborough Plymouth Poole Portsmouth Reading Redcar and Cleveland Rutland Shropshire Slough Southampton Southend-on-Sea South Gloucestershire Stockton-on-Tees Stoke-on-Trent Swindon Telford and Wrekin Thurrock Torbay Warrington West Berkshire Wiltshire Windsor and Maidenhead Wokingham York v t e Robin Hood Characters Robin Hood Maid Marian Merry Men Much the Miller's Son Little John Friar Tuck Alan-a-Dale Will Scarlet Will Stutely Gilbert Whitehand Arthur a Bland David of Doncaster The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield Sheriff of Nottingham Guy of Gisbourne Prince John Bishop of Hereford Richard at the Lee King Richard Settings Sherwood Forest Nottingham Loxley Barnsdale Wentbridge Screen Film Robin Hood (1912) Robin Hood (1922) The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) The Bandit of Sherwood Forest (1946) The Prince of Thieves (1948) The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952) The Men of Sherwood Forest (1954) Sword of Sherwood Forest (1960) A Challenge for Robin Hood (1967) The Scalawag Bunch (1971) Wolfshead: The Legend of Robin Hood (1973) The Arrows of Robin Hood (1975) Robin and Marian (1976) Aaj Ka Robin Hood (1988) O Mistério de Robin Hood (1990) Robin Hood (1991) Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991) Robin Hood (2010) Robin Hood (2018) TV Robin Hood (1953) The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955) The Legend of Robin Hood (1968) The Legend of Robin Hood (1975) Robin of Sherwood (1984) The New Adventures of Robin Hood (1997) Robin Hood (2006) Animated Robin Hood Makes Good (1939) Rabbit Hood (1949) Robin Hood Daffy (1958) Robin Hoodwinked (1958) Robin Hood (1973) Robin Hood (1990) Young Robin Hood (1991) Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood and His Merry Mouse (2012) Parody When Things Were Rotten (1975) The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood (1984) Maid Marian and Her Merry Men (1989) Robin Hood: Men in Tights (1993) Alternate settings Mexicali Rose (1939 film) Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964 film) Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985 Tamil film) Nyayam Meere Cheppali (1985 Telugu film) Catch Me Now (2008 Chinese TV series) Alyas Robin Hood (2016 Philippines TV Series) Popular culture Robin Hood (Once Upon a Time character) Robin Hood (DC Comics character) Child ballads 8: Erlinton 102: Willie and Earl Richard's Daughter 103: Rose the Red and White Lily 115: Robyn and Gandeleyn 117: A Gest of Robyn Hode 118: Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne 119: Robin Hood and the Monk 120: Robin Hood's Death 121: Robin Hood and the Potter 123: Robin Hood and the Curtal Friar 124: The Jolly Pinder of Wakefield 126: Robin Hood and the Tanner 127: Robin Hood and the Tinker 128: Robin Hood Newly Revived 129: Robin Hood and the Prince of Aragon 130: Robin Hood and the Scotchman 131: Robin Hood and the Ranger 132: The Bold Pedlar and Robin Hood 136: Robin Hood's Delight 138: Robin Hood and Allan-a-Dale 139: Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham 140: Robin Hood Rescuing Three Squires 141: Robin Hood Rescuing Will Stutly 142: Little John a Begging 143: Robin Hood and the Bishop 144: Robin Hood and the Bishop of Hereford 145: Robin Hood and Queen Katherine 146: Robin Hood's Chase 147: Robin Hood's Golden Prize 148: The Noble Fisherman 149: The Noble Fisherman 151: The King's Disguise, and Friendship with Robin Hood 152: Robin Hood and the Golden Arrow 153: Robin Hood and the Valiant Knight 154: A True Tale of Robin Hood Stage / Theatre The Downfall and The Death of Robert Earl of Huntington (1598 and 1601 plays) The Merrie Men of Sherwood Forest (1871 operetta) Robin Hood (1890 opera) The Foresters (1892 play) Twang!! (1965 musical parody) Robin Hood (1934 opera) Robin Hood (1998 ballet) Robin des Bois (2013 musical) Video games Robin of the Wood (1985) The Curse of Sherwood (1987) The Adventures of Robin Hood (1991) Conquests of the Longbow: The Legend of Robin Hood (1991) Robin Hood: The Legend of Sherwood (2002) Robin Hood: Defender of the Crown (2003) Volume (2015) Literature Ivanhoe (1819) Maid Marian (1822) The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood (1883) Bows against the Barons (1934) The Once and Future King (1958) The Outlaws of Sherwood (1988) Through a Dark Mist (1991) Lady of the Forest (1992) In the Shadow of Midnight (1994) The Last Arrow (1997) Lady of Sherwood (1999) Ronin Hood of the 47 Samurai (2005) King Raven Trilogy (2006) Music Legend (1984 soundtrack) Robin Hood (2006 soundtrack) Robin Hood – czwarta strzała (1997) "Love" (song) "Not in Nottingham" (song) "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (song) The Tale of Gamelyn Alan Dale Outlaw (2009) Holy Warrior (2010) King's Man (2011) Warlord (2012) Grail Knight (2013) The Iron Castle (2014) The King's Assassin (2015) The Death of Robin Hood (2016) Related Miss Robin Hood Son of the Guardsman The Son of Robin Hood The Bandit of Sherwood Forest Princess of Thieves Robin Hood Morality Test "Robot of Sherwood" "Robin Good and His Not-So-Merry Men" Once Upon a Time Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157103790 LCCN: n80072324 GND: 4117929-8 Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page). Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nottingham&oldid=837583869" Categories: NottinghamCities in the East MidlandsFormer county towns in EnglandLocal government districts of the East MidlandsLocal government in NottinghamshireNottinghamshireThe Five BoroughsUnitary authority districts of EnglandUniversity towns in the United KingdomHidden categories: CS1 Welsh-language sources (cy)CS1 Slovenian-language sources (sl)CS1 Russian-language sources (ru)CS1 German-language sources (de)CS1 Dutch-language sources (nl)CS1 Polish-language sources (pl)EngvarB from May 2017Use dmy dates from January 2018Coordinates on WikidataArticles with OS grid coordinatesArticles with hAudio microformatsArticles including recorded pronunciations (English)All articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from December 2014Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersPages with graphsPages with mapsPages with reference errorsPages with missing references list Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia CommonsWikivoyage Languages AfrikaansአማርኛالعربيةAsturianuAzərbaycancaBân-lâm-gúБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎БългарскиBosanskiCatalàCebuanoČeštinaCymraegDanskDeutschEestiΕλληνικάEmiliàn e rumagnòlEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFrançaisFryskGaeilgeGalego客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî한국어HausaՀայերենहिन्दीHrvatskiBahasa IndonesiaInterlingueÍslenskaItalianoעבריתქართულიKiswahiliLatinaLatviešuLëtzebuergeschLietuviųMagyarമലയാളംमराठीمازِرونیМонголNederlands日本語NorskNorsk nynorskOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаپنجابیPolskiPortuguêsQaraqalpaqshaRomânăRuna SimiРусскийScotsSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaŚlůnskiСрпски / srpskiSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiSvenskaTagalogతెలుగుไทยТоҷикӣTürkçeTwiУкраїнськаاردوئۇيغۇرچە / UyghurcheTiếng ViệtVolapükWinarayייִדיש粵語Zazaki中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 21 April 2018, at 19:10. 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Nottingham, one of England’s best-kept secrets

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