Palace of the Parliament

Palace of the Parliament - Wikipedia Palace of the Parliament From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Redirected from Palace of the parliament) Jump to navigation Jump to search Palace of the Parliament Palatul Parlamentului The Palace in April 2018 Location within Romania Former names House of the Republic Alternative names People's House General information Architectural style Totalitarian, neoclassical Address Calea 13 Septembrie 1, Sector 5 Town or city Bucharest Country Romania Coordinates 44°25′39″N 26°5′15″E / 44.42750°N 26.08750°E / 44.42750; 26.08750Coordinates: 44°25′39″N 26°5′15″E / 44.42750°N 26.08750°E / 44.42750; 26.08750 Groundbreaking 25 June 1984 Completed 1997 Cost €3 billion Height Architectural 84 m (276 ft) Technical details Size 240 m (790 ft) long, 270 m (890 ft) wide Floor count 12 Floor area 365,000 m2 (3,930,000 sq ft) Grounds 66,000 m2 Design and construction Architect 700 architects under the direction of chief architect Anca Petrescu Designations World's largest civilian building with an administrative function World's most expensive administrative building World's heaviest building Other information Number of rooms 1,100 The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului) is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Dealul Arsenalului in central Bucharest (Sector 5), it is the second largest administrative building in the world, if excluding the Pentagon [1] with a height of 84 metres (276 ft), an area of 365,000 square metres (3,930,000 sq ft) and a volume of 2,550,000 cubic metres (90,000,000 cu ft). In terms of weight, the Palace of the Parliament is the heaviest building in the world, weighing in at around 4,098,500,000 kilograms (9.0356×109 lb).[2] A colossal parliament building known for its ornate interior composed of 23 sections, it houses the Senate, Chamber of Deputies, three museums and an international conference center. The museums hosted inside the Palace are the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Museum of Communist Totalitarianism (established in 2015)[3] and the Museum of the Palace. Though named the House of the Republic (Romanian: Casa Republicii), after the Romanian Revolution in 1989 it became widely known as the People's House (Romanian: Casa Poporului). Due to its impressive endowments, events organized by state institutions and international bodies such as conferences, symposia, and others take place there, but even so about 70% of the building remains empty.[4][5] In 1990, Australian business magnate Rupert Murdoch wanted to buy the building for US $1 billion, but his bid was rejected.[6] As of 2008[update], the Palace of the Parliament is valued at €3 billion ($3.4 billion), making it the most expensive administrative building in the world.[7] The cost of heating and electric lighting alone exceeds $6 million per year, as much as the cost for a medium-sized city.[8] Contents 1 Location 2 History 2.1 After 1989 3 Technical details 3.1 Materials 4 Gallery 5 References 6 External links Location[edit] The building of the Palace is located in the central part of Bucharest (in Sector 5), in a location that today is known as Dealul Arsenalului, framed by Izvor Street to the west and northwest, United Nations Avenue to the north, Liberty Avenue to the east and Calea 13 Septembrie to the south. History[edit] Palace of the Parliament under construction on 1 May 1986. View toward Unirii Boulevard View from the Palace. For its construction, Uranus-Izvor neighborhood was demolished.[9] After the earthquake of 4 March 1977, Nicolae Ceaușescu started a reconstruction plan of Bucharest. The People's House was the center of this project. Named Project Bucharest, it was an ambitious project of Ceaușescu's begun in 1978 as an intended replica of Pyongyang, the North Korean capital. A systematization project existed since the 1930s (during the time of Carol II) for the Unirii–Dealul Arsenalului area. Its construction was organized as a contest and won by Anca Petrescu, who was appointed chief architect of the project when she was just 28. In total, the team that coordinated the work was made up of 10 architects, which supervised a further 700.[10] Construction of the Palace began on June 25, 1984, and the inauguration of the work was attended by Ceaușescu. The building was erected on the site of some monasteries that were demolished and on the site of Uranus Hill that was leveled. In this area were located the National Archives, Văcărești Monastery, Brâncovenesc Hospital,[11] as well as about 37 old factories and workshops.[12] Demolition in Uranus area began in 1982. 7 km2 of the old city center was demolished, and 40,000 people were relocated from this area. The works were carried out with forced labor of soldiers and so the cost was minimized.[13] Between 20,000 and 100,000 people worked on the site, sometimes operating in three shifts. Thousands of people died in connection with the construction of the People's House, some mention a figure of 3,000 people.[14] In 1989 building costs were estimated at $1.75 billion, and in 2006 at €3 billion. After 1989[edit] Since 1994 the building hosts the Chamber of Deputies, after the initial headquarters of the institution, the Palace of the Chamber of Deputies (now the Palace of the Patriarchate), was donated by state to the Romanian Orthodox Church. Since 2004 the Romanian Senate is headquartered in the building, originally housed in the former building of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party. Between 2003 and 2004 a glass annex was built alongside external elevators.[15] This was done to facilitate access to the National Museum of Contemporary Art opened in 2004 inside the west wing of the Palace. In the same period, a project aiming to hoist a huge flag was canceled following protests from the public. A flag was already hoisted on the building, but was removed together with the support. The restaurant, accessible only to politicians, was refurbished. Since 1998 the building houses a Regional SECI Center for Fighting Transborder Crime.[16] In 2008, the Palace hosted the 20th NATO summit. In 2010, politician Silviu Prigoană proposed re-purposing the building into a shopping centre and an entertainment complex. Citing costs, Prigoană said that Parliament should move to a new building, as they occupied only 30% of the massive palace. While the proposal has sparked a debate in Romania, politician Miron Mitrea dismissed the idea as a "joke".[17] The Palace has also been the background of several motorsports events, including the 2011 Drift Grand Prix Romania, which brought together professional drifters from all over Europe. [18] Technical details[edit] Elaborate decorations in Alexandru Ioan Cuza Hall The construction of the Palace began in 1984 and initially should have been completed in only two years. The term was then extended until 1990, but even now it is not finalized. Only 400 rooms and two meeting rooms are finished and used, out of 1,100 rooms. The building has eight underground levels, the last one being an antiatomic bunker, linked to the main state institutions by 20 km of catacombs.[19]Nicolae Ceaușescu feared nuclear war. The bunker is a room with 1.5 m thick concrete walls and can not be penetrated by radiation. The shelter is composed of the main hall – headquarters that would have had telephone connections with all military units in Romania – and several residential apartments for state leadership, in the event of war. The building has a developed area of 365,000 m2, making it the world's third-largest administrative building, after The Pentagon and Long'ao Building, and in terms of volume, with its 2.55 million m3, it is the third most massive, after the Vehicle Assembly Building of the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida and the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico.[20] For comparison, it can be mentioned that the building exceeds by 2% the volume of the Great Pyramid of Giza,[21] and therefore some sources label it as a "pharaonic" construction.[22] The building of the Palace of the Parliament sinks by 6 mm each year.[23] Romanian specialists who analyzed the data argue that massive weight and structure of the Palace lead to the settlement of layers below the construction. Materials[edit] Palace's famous crystal chandeliers were manufactured at Vitrometan Mediaș glass factory.[24] The manufacture of the 480 chandeliers took two years. The building was constructed almost entirely of materials of Romanian origin. The only exceptions are the doors of Nicolae Bălcescu Hall. These were received by Ceaușescu as a gift from his friend Mobutu Sese Seko, the President of Zaire.[25] Among them: 3,500 tonnes of crystal – 480 chandeliers, 1,409 ceiling lights and mirrors were manufactured; 700,000 tonnes of steel and bronze for monumental doors and windows, chandeliers and capitals;1,000,000 m3 of marble[26] 900,000 m3 of wood[27] (over 95% domestic) for parquet and wainscotting, including walnut, oak, sweet cherry, elm, sycamore maple; 200,000 m2 of woolen carpets of various dimensions (machines had to be moved inside the building to weave some of the larger carpets); velvet and brocade curtains adorned with embroideries and passementeries in silver and gold. Gallery[edit] Palace of the Parliament seen from the Union Boulevard Palace of the Parliament and the Romanian People's Salvation Cathedral, currently under construction Inside the Palace of the Parliament International Conference Centre Palace of the Parliament, view from the Izvor Park References[edit] ^ "Largest administrative building: world record set by The Palace of the Romanian Parliament". World Record Academy.  ^ "Heaviest building". Guinness World Records.  ^ "Senatul a adoptat legea privind infiintarea Muzeului Totalitarismului Comunist. Academia Romana va intocmi si un raport de condamnare a comunismului". 22 September 2015.  ^ "Palatul Parlamentului, o emblema a Bucurestiului".  ^ John Malathronas (5 December 2014). "Palace of the damned dictator: On the trail of Ceausescu in Bucharest". CNN.  ^ "Detalii nestiute despre Casa Poporului, cea mai scumpa cladire administrativa din lume". Stirile Pro TV. 16 May 2013.  ^ "Casa Poporului - de trei ori în Cartea Recordurilor". Gândul. 4 April 2008.  ^ Andrei Pandele (September 2008). "Palatul Parlamentului din Casa Poporului". National Geographic România.  ^ Roxana Ruscior (21 August 2014). ""Ceauşima" – cum a fost demolat cartierul Uranus". Descoperă.ro.  ^ "De la Casa Poporului la Palatul Parlamentului. Istoria clădirii care a intrat de trei ori în Cartea Recordurilor". Digi24. 31 October 2013.  ^ "Spitalul Brâncovenesc nu trebuia să cadă!". Ziarul Ring. 22 February 2010.  ^ "Atunci si acum: Casa Poporului". Metropotam. 9 June 2009.  ^ Ioan Popa (1992). Robi pe Uranus (I ed.). Humanitas. ISBN 973-28-0304-5.  ^ Anca Murgoci (8 November 2013). "Peste ce s-a construit Casa Poporului. Vezi imagini din 1982". DC News.  ^ Mariusz Czepczynski (June 2008). Cultural Landscapes of Post-Socialist Cities. Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-7546-7022-3.  ^ "South-East Europe Cooperative Initiative (SECI)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original on 2 November 2015.  ^ Matthew Day (4 February 2010). "Nicolae Ceausescu palace 'to be turned into shopping mall'". The Telegraph.  ^ "Guest Blog:>> Sideways In Romania's Capital - Speedhunters". Speedhunters. 2011-10-29. Retrieved 2018-02-13.  ^ "Secretele Casei Poporului | "Ceauşescu voia să umble cu maşina pe sub Bucureşti"". Libertatea. 21 February 2011.  ^ "La plimbare prin subsolul Casei Poporului". Adevărul. 26 March 2010.  ^ "Lucruri mai putin stiute despre Casa Poporului - cea mai mare cladire din Europa". Metropotam. 4 March 2015.  ^ "Casa Poporului".  ^ "Casa Poporului se scufundă în sol în fiecare an. Ce spun specialiştii despre acest "fenomen"". Gândul. 26 December 2014.  ^ "VITROMETAN, locul unde 2 ani s-a lucrat la candelabrele din Casa Poporului. De la moda peştelui din sticlă colorată aşezat pe mileul de pe televizor la planul pentru supravieţuire". Mediafax. 26 March 2013.  ^ "7 Amazing Facts about The Palace of The Parliament in Bucharest".  ^ "7 Amazing Facts about The Palace of The Parliament in Bucharest".  ^ "Casa Poporului". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.  External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palace of the Parliament of Romania. Cristina Hanganu-Bresch, The People's House: The Building and Rebuilding of Romanian National Consciousness Palace of Parliament - Chamber of Deputies, Bucharest at Google Cultural Institute v t e Palaces and castles in Romania Wallachia CEC Cotroceni Elisabeta Iulia Hasdeu Kretzulescu Mogoșoaia Palace of Justice (Bucharest) Palace of the Parliament Palace of the Patriarchate Săvârșin Palace Snagov Telephone Palace Victoria Moldavia Neamț Palace of Culture (Iași) Roznovanu Palace Sturdza Palace (Miclăușeni) Transylvania & Banat Bánffy (Bonțida) Bánffy (Cluj-Napoca) Baroque Palace Bran Corvin Deva Lázár Magna Curia Mikó Neumann Palace of Justice (Cluj-Napoca) Prefecture Palace Râșnov Rupea Széki v t e Tall buildings in Bucharest Built Anchor Plaza Asmita Gardens Basarab Tower Blocul Sârbesc BOS Tower BRD Tower BSE Tower Corporate Center Business Development Center Financial Plaza Tower Center Telephone Palace Casa Presei Libere Cathedral Plaza CCIR Building Charles de Gaulle Plaza City Gate Towers Crystal Tower Doamna Ghica Plaza Euro Tower Floreasca City Center Foișorul de Foc Bloc 13 "Flamura" Globalworth Tower Griro Tower Hotel Best Western Park Hotel Pullman InterContinental Hotel Iuliu Maniu at Virtuţii Bloc Millennium Business Center Monte Carlo Palace Nusco Tower Olympia Tower Oracle Tower Palace of the Parliament Pantelimon at B-dul Chişinău Bloc Pantelimon at Şoseaua Iancului PGV Tower Pipera Business Tower Piraeus Bank Tower Premium Plaza Rin Grand Hotel Sheraton Bucharest Hotel TVR Tower Unicredit Tower United Nations Plaza UpGround Victoria Complex Under construction Dâmbovița Center Europa Group Towers Monaco Towers Open Sky Residence Orhideea Towers Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului Românesc Sema Parc Hotel The Mark Approved Ana Tower Niro Hotel Tower N.O.C. Tower Proposed Carol Tower Cuprom Tower Dorobanţi Tower Kiseleff Business Plaza Olympic Tower Orhideea Business Center Politehnica Tower Prime Towers Tron Tower v t e Tall buildings in Romania Built Administrative Palace Anchor Plaza Asmita Gardens Basarab Tower BCR Tower Sibiu Blocul Sârbesc BOS Tower BRD Tower Bucharest BRD Tower Cluj-Napoca BSE Tower Bucharest Corporate Center Business Development Center Bucharest Bucharest Financial Plaza Bucharest Tower Center Bucharest Telephone Palace Casa Presei Libere CCIR Building Charles de Gaulle Plaza City Gate Towers Euro Tower Foișorul de Foc Griro Tower Hotel Best Western Park Hotel Continental Sibiu Hotel Continental Timișoara Hotel Hampton Iași Hotel Golden Tulip Sibiu Howard Johnson Hotel Hotel Moldova Iași Hotel Pullman Bucharest Hotel Ramada Sibiu Hotel Unirea Iași InterContinental Bucharest Iuliu Maniu at Virtuţii Bloc Millennium Business Center Monte Carlo Palace Nusco Tower Olympia Tower Oracle Tower Bucharest Palace of the Parliament Palas-UBC 3 Iași Pantelimon at B-dul Chișinău Bloc Pantelimon at Şoseaua Iancului UMF Tower Iași PGV Tower Pipera Business Tower Premium Plaza Rin Grand Hotel TVR Tower UpGround United Nations Plaza Fructus Tower Others Cathedral Plaza Cefin Tower Crystal Tower Dana Complex Dâmboviţa Center Europa Group Towers Flamenco Residences Floreasca City Center Hotel Euroil Monaco Towers Open Sky Residence Orhideea Towers Piraeus Bank Tower Romfelt Plaza Royal Tower Iași Sema Parc Hotel Sigma Towers Sky Towers The Mark Uranus Plaza Victoria Complex By city Bucharest Retrieved from "" Categories: Government buildings completed in 1997Museums in BucharestGovernment buildings in RomaniaPalaces in BucharestParliament of RomaniaLegislative buildings in EuropeSeats of national legislaturesLandmarks in RomaniaSkyscraper office buildings in BucharestTerminating vistasStalinist architectureNeoclassical architecture in RomaniaHidden categories: Coordinates on WikidataArticles containing Romanian-language textArticles containing potentially dated statements from 2008All articles containing potentially dated statementsUse dmy dates from April 2011 Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages العربيةAzərbaycancaБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎БългарскиCatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoFrançais한국어HrvatskiBahasa IndonesiaItalianoעבריתLatviešuМакедонскиNederlands日本語NorskPolskiPortuguêsRomânăРусскийSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaСрпски / srpskiSuomiSvenskaTürkçeУкраїнська中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 18 June 2018, at 03:11 (UTC). 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