Airline ticket - Wikipedia
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A ticket cover from Austrian Airlines, circa 1960s
A sample Northwest Airlines ticket
Air China's ticket for Domestic Service (from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport to Kunming Wujiaba International Airport)
An airline ticket is a document or electronic record, issued by an airline or a travel agency, that confirms that an individual is entitled to a seat on a flight on an aircraft. The airline ticket may be one of two types: a paper ticket, which comprises coupons or vouchers; and an electronic ticket (commonly referred to as an e-ticket).
The ticket, in either form, is required to obtain a boarding pass during check-in at the airport. Then with the boarding pass and the attached ticket, the passenger is allowed to board the aircraft.
2 Issuing air ticket
3 Replacement of paper tickets
5 See also
7 External links
Regardless of the type, all tickets contain the following information:
The passenger's name.
The issuing airline.
A ticket number, including the airline's 3 digit code at the start of the number.
The cities the ticket is valid for travel between.
Flight that the ticket is valid for. (Unless the ticket is "open")
Baggage allowance. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Fare. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
Taxes. (Not always visible on a printout but recorded electronically for the airline)
The "Fare Basis", an alpha or alpha-numeric code that identifies the fare.
Restrictions on changes and refunds. (Not always shown in detail, but referred to).
Dates that the ticket is valid for.
"Form of payment", i.e., details of how the ticket was paid for, which will in turn affect how it would be refunded.
The Rate of Exchange used to calculate any international parts of the fare and tax.
A "Fare Construction" or "Linear" showing the breakdown of the total fare.Times on airline tickets are generally for the local time zone where the flight will be at that moment.
Issuing air ticket
A revenue passenger on an airline must hold a valid issued ticket. In order for a ticket to be issued, there are two distinct process:
ReservationA reservation for an itinerary is made in the airline system, either directly with the airline or by an agent. The itinerary includes all the above details needed for the issuance of an air ticket, except the ticket number.
When the reservation the made, a passenger name record (PNR) will be created which is used to manage the reservation and check in. It is possible to have multiple passengers in a single passenger name record.
IssuanceHaving a reservation itself does not entitle the passenger to travel. Only when the airline receives the payment or a passenger redeems miles/points, a ticket is issued which is linked to the reservation which allows the passenger to travel.
Traditionally, reservation and payment are separate steps, which the time between them are defined in the fare rules when the reservation is made. However, it has become more common to require immediate payment on online booking systems.
Each passenger must hold his/her own air ticket, as shown by an individual ticket number, even when the reservations are linked by a single PNR.
An itinerary where multiple passengers are in same reservation with a ticket number for each passenger
Replacement of paper tickets
A handwritten flight coupon for Biman Bangladesh Airlines
IATA announced that as of June 1, 2008, IATA-member airlines will no longer issue any paper tickets.A ticket is generally only good on the airline for which it was purchased. However, an airline can endorse the ticket, so that it may be accepted by other airlines, sometimes on standby basis or with a confirmed seat. Usually the ticket is for a specific flight. It is also possible to purchase an 'open' ticket, which allows travel on any flight between the destinations listed on the ticket. The cost for doing this is greater than a ticket for a specific flight. Some tickets are refundable. However, the lower cost tickets are usually not refundable and may carry many additional restrictions.
The carrier is represented by a standardized 2-letter code. In the example above, Thai Airways is TG. The departure and destination cities are represented by International Air Transport Association airport codes. In the example above, Munich is MUC and Bangkok is BKK. The International Air Transport Association is the standard setting organization.
Only one passenger can use a ticket. If multiple passengers are traveling together, the tickets are linked together by the same record locator or reservation number, which are assigned, if the tickets were purchased at the same time. If not, most airlines can cross-reference the tickets together in their reservation systems. This allows all members in a party to be processed in a group, allowing seat assignments to be together (if available at the time of the assignment)
When paper tickets were still frequently used, a practice existed by travellers to get rid of their tickets (which are person-specific), when they decided to alter the course of their trips. This practice consisted of selling the ticket to other travellers (often at discount prices), after which the seller accompanied the buyer at the time of departure to the airport. Here, the original owner checked in under his name and provided the airline with the buyer's baggage. After this, the buyer boarded the airplane at the moment of departure. However, since most airlines check identification on boarding, this procedure is rarely functional. The practice of using another person's ticket is illegal in many jurisdictions.
Miscellaneous charges orderNotes
^ "Industry Bids Farewell to Paper Ticket" (Press release). International Air Transport Association. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
^ Airline and Airport Code Search
^ "Industry Bids Farewell to Paper Ticket" (Press release). International Air Transport Association. 31 May 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
^ Timmerhuis, Frans (2007). Handboek Voor De Wereldreiziger (in Dutch). Rijswijk: Elmar. ISBN 978-9038917597.
The dictionary definition of paper ticket at Wiktionary
Media related to Air tickets at Wikimedia CommonsvteCommercial air travelAirlines
Airline holding companies
U-FLY AllianceTrade groups
Aircraft seat map
Buy on board
Crew rest compartment
Airport rail link
Low-cost carrier terminal
Transit hotelCustoms / Immigration
UK landing card
Impact on environmentLaw
Air transport agreement
Bermuda Agreement (UK–US, 1946–1978)
Bermuda II Agreement (UK–US, 1978–2008)
Cross-Strait charter (China–Taiwan)
Cape Town Treaty
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives
European Common Aviation Area
Freedoms of the air
Hague Hijacking Convention
EU–US Open Skies Agreement
Paris Convention of 1919
Baggage handling system
Air Navigation and Transport Act
Air traffic control (ATC)
Aircraft safety card
Airport crash tender
National aviation authority
Pre-flight safety demonstration
Airline booking ploys
Airline reservations system
Fare basis code
Flight cancellation and delay
Government contract flight
Passenger name record
Aircraft maintenance technician
Aircraft ground handler
Mile high club
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