statue

Statue - Wikipedia Statue From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search For other uses, see Statue (disambiguation). Not to be confused with statute. .thumbinner{width:100%!important;max-width:none!important}.mw-parser-output .tmulti .tsingle{float:none!important;max-width:none!important;width:100%!important;text-align:center}}]]>The Thinker, by Auguste Rodin c. 1902, Bronze, Copenhagen, DenmarkGommateshwara statue in India, the largest ancient monolithic statue in the world.Leshan Giant Buddha, c. 803, a stone statue carved out of a mountain face in Leshan, China A statue is a free-standing sculpture in which the realistic, full-length figures of persons or animals or non-representational forms are carved in durable material (like wood, metal, or stone) and placed on a pedestal in a public place as public art to serve as an impressive and commanding material support for contemplation of persons, events, concepts or other realities of religious, historical, moral, or spiritual import..[1] Some statues gain fame independent of the person or concept they represent, as with the Statue of Liberty, which now represents the great era of immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when its appearance on the horizon to ships indicated that passengers had at last put the Old World behind them and would soon disembark in a land of unlimited opportunity. Typical statues are life-sized or close to life-size; a sculpture that represents persons or animals in full figure but that is small enough to lift and carry is a statuette or figurine, while one more than twice life-size is a colossal statue.[2]Statues have been produced in many cultures from prehistory to the present; the oldest known statue dating to about 30,000 years ago. The world's tallest statue, Spring Temple Buddha, is 128 metres (420 ft), and is located in Lushan County, Henan, China. Contents 1 Color 2 Historical periods 2.1 Antiquity 2.2 Middle Ages 2.3 Modern Era 3 Image gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Color[edit] Ancient statues often survive showing the bare surface of the material of which they are made. For example, many people associate Greek classical art with white marble sculpture, but there is evidence that many statues were painted in bright colors.[3] Most of the color has weathered off over time; small remnants were removed during cleaning; in some cases small traces remained which could be identified.[3] A travelling exhibition of 20 coloured replicas of Greek and Roman works, alongside 35 original statues and reliefs, was held in Europe and the United States in 2008: Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity.[4] Details such as whether the paint was applied in one or two coats, how finely the pigments were ground, or exactly which binding medium would have been used in each case—all elements that would affect the appearance of a finished piece—are not known. Richter goes so far as to say of classical Greek sculpture, "`All stone sculpture, whether limestone or marble, was painted, either wholly or in part." [5]Medieval statues were also usually painted, with some still retaining their original pigments. The coloring of statues ceased during the Renaissance, as excavated classical sculptures, which had lost their coloring, became regarded as the best models. Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Paul Landowski and Gheorghe Leonida 1931 Easter Island moai statues Historical periods[edit] Main article: Sculpture Antiquity[edit] The Löwenmensch figurine from the Swabian Alps in Germany is the oldest known statue in the world, and dates to 30,000-40,000 years ago.[6][7][8] The Venus of Hohle Fels, from the same area, is somewhat later.[9] Throughout history, statues have been associated with cult images in many religious traditions, from Ancient Egypt, Ancient India, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome to the present. Egyptian statues showing kings as sphinxes have existed since the Old Kingdom, the oldest being for Djedefre (c. 2500 BC).[10] The oldest statue of a striding pharaoh dates from the reign of Senwosret I (c. 1950 BC) and is the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.[11] The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (starting around 2000 BC) witnessed the growth of block statues which then became the most popular form until the Ptolemaic period (c. 300 BC).[12]The oldest statue of a deity in Rome was the bronze statue of Ceres in 485 BC.[13][14] The oldest statue in Rome is now the statue of Diana on the Aventine.[15]The wonders of the world include several statues from antiquity, with the Colossus of Rhodes and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Middle Ages[edit] This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2013)While Byzantine art flourished in various forms, sculpture and statue making witnessed a general decline; although statues of emperors continued to appear.[16] An example was the statue of Justinian (6th century) which stood in the square across from the Hagia Sophia until the fall of Constantinople in the 15th century.[16] Part of the decline in statue making in the Byzantine period can be attributed to the mistrust the Church placed in the art form, given that it viewed sculpture in general as a method for making and worshiping idols.[16] While making statues was not subject to a general ban, it was hardly encouraged in this period.[16] Justinian was one of the last Emperors to have a full-size statue made, and secular statues of any size became virtually non-existent after iconoclasm; and the artistic skill for making statues was lost in the process. Modern Era[edit] Starting with the work of Maillol around 1900, the human figures embodied in statues began to move away from the various schools of realism that been followed for thousands of years. The Futurist and Cubist schools took this metamorphism even further until statues, often still nominally representing humans, had lost all but the most rudimentary relationship to the human form. By the 1920s and 1930s statues began to appear that were completely abstract in design and execution.[17]The notion that the position of the hooves of horses in equestrian statues indicated the rider's cause of death has been disproved.[18][19] Image gallery[edit] Löwenmensch figurine, from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany, now in Ulmer Museum, Ulm, Germany, the oldest known zoomorphic statuette, Aurignacian era, 40,000 BC-30,000 BC Venus of Dolní Věstonice, ceramic figurine, 29,000 BC-25,000 BC Venus of Willendorf, one of the oldest known Statuettes, Upper Paleolithic, 24,000 BC-22,000 BC Great Sphinx of Giza, c. 2558–2532 BC, the largest monolithic statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres (241 ft) long, 6 metres (20 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high. Giza, Egypt. The Charioteer of Delphi, 474 BC, Delphi Archaeological Museum, Greece Hermes and the Infant Dionysus by Praxiteles, 4th century BC, Archaeological Museum of Olympia, Greece Venus de Milo, c. 130 - 100 BC, Greek, the Louvre Laocoön and his Sons, Greek, (Late Hellenistic), c. 160 BC and 20 BC, White marble, Vatican Museum Nara Daibutsu, c. 752, Nara, Japan Gommateshvara Bahubali, c. 978-993 AD, 157 feet high Moai of Easter Island facing inland, Ahu Tongariki, c. 1250 - 1500, restored by Chilean archaeologist Claudio Cristino in the 1990s The Great Buddha of Kamakura, c. 1252, Japan Michelangelo's David, 1504, The Accademia Gallery, Florence, Italy Auguste Rodin, The Burghers of Calais (1884–c. 1889) in Victoria Tower Gardens, London, England. The Statue of Liberty, (formally Liberty Enlightening the World) New York Harbor, United States, by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi c.1886 Henry Bain Smith's bronze of Robert Burns, 1892, above Union Terrace Gardens, Aberdeen, Scotland Camille Claudel, The Waltz, 1889-1905 The Little Mermaid, Copenhagen, by Edvard Eriksen 1913 Statue of Dr. Jose Rizal. at the Luneta Park, Philippines c.1908 Thomas Brock, John Everett Millais, at Tate Britain 1905 U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial, located in Arlington, Virginia, by Felix de Weldon 1954 A closeup of the replica statue of Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius, 1981, The original c. 200 AD is in the nearby Capitoline Museum, Rome Spring Temple Buddha, the world's tallest statue, overall 128 m (420 ft) in height, completed 2002, China. Kailashnath Mahadev Statue, Bhaktapur, Nepal. The world's tallest Statue of Lord Shiva, 144 feet (44 m), 2003–Present. Lord Murugan Statue, Batu Caves, Malaysia, 140 feet (42.7 m). Balance of Nature statue near VUDA Park, Visakhapatnam See also[edit] Bronze sculpture Bust (sculpture) Equestrian sculpture Figurine History of sculpture List of statues List of statues by height List of statues of Queen Victoria List of colossal sculpture in situ Mannequin Living statue Memorial Monument Sculpture Statues of Gudea, c. 2100 BC Stone carving Stone sculpture Venus figurines References[edit] ^ Merriam Webster's Dictionary defines a statue as: "a three-dimensional representation usually of a person, animal, or mythical being that is produced by sculpturing, modeling, or casting" [1] ^ Collins online dictionary: Colossal "2. (in figure sculpture) approximately twice life-size."; entry in the Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus® Online ^ a b "Archeological Institute of America: Carved in Living Color". Archaeology.org. 23 June 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2012. ^ "Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity September 22, 2007 Through January 20, 2008, The Arthur M. Sackler Museum". Web.archive.org. 4 January 2009. Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) ^ Richter, Gisela M. A., The Handbook of Greek Art: Architecture, Sculpture, Gems, Coins, Jewellery, Metalwork, Pottery and Vase Painting, Glass, Furniture, Textiles, Paintings and Mosaics, Phaidon Publishers Inc., New York, 1960 p. 46 ^ "Lion man takes pride of place as oldest statue" by Rex Dalton, Nature 425, 7 (4 September 2003) doi:10.1038/425007a also Nature News 4 September 2003 ^ "Ice Age Lion Man is world’s earliest figurative sculpture" by Martin Bailey, The Art Newspaper 31 January 2013 ^ Musical behaviours and the archaeological record: a preliminary study, University of Cambridge Archived 10 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Painted Caves: Palaeolithic Rock Art in Western Europe by Andrew J. Lawson (13 July 2012) ISBN 0199698228 Oxford UP page 125 ^ The Egyptian Museum in Cairo by Abeer El-Shahawy and Farid Atiya (10 November 2005) ISBN 9771721836 page 117 ^ The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt by Donald B. Redford (15 December 2000) ISBN 0195102347 page 230 ^ Egyptian Statues by Gay Robins (4 March 2008) ISBN 0747805202 page 28 ^ Famous Firsts in the Ancient Greek and Roman World by David Matz (Jun 2000) ISBN 0786405996 page 87 ^ The Art of Rome c.753 B.C.-A.D. 337 by Jerome Jordan Pollitt (30 June 1983) ISBN 052127365X page 19 ^ Samnium and the Samnites by E. T. Salmon (2 September 1967) ISBN 0521061857 page 181 ^ a b c d Byzantine Art by Charles Bayet (1 October 2009) ISBN 1844846202 page 54 ^ Giedion-Welcker, Carola, ‘’Contemporary Sculpture: An Evolution in Volume and Space, A revised and Enlarged Edition’’, Faber and Faber, London, 1961 pp. X to XX ^ Barbara Mikkelson (2 August 2007). "Statue of Limitations". Snopes.com. Retrieved 9 June 2011. ^ Cecil Adams (6 October 1989). "In statues, does the number of feet the horse has off the ground indicate the fate of the rider?". The Straight Dope. Chicago Reader. Retrieved 9 June 2011. External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Statues.UK Public Monument and Sculpture Association vteColossal Buddhist statuesBuddha Avukana Buddha statue Buddha Dordenma statue Buddha Park Buddhas of Bamiyan Buduruvagala Fo Guang Shan Buddha Gal Vihara Gifu Great Buddha Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Great Buddha of Thailand Hyderabad Buddha Kamagaya Great Buddha Kamakura Buddha Laykyun Sekkya Leshan Giant Buddha Maitreya Project Maligawila Buddha statue Mengshan Giant Buddha Rongxian Giant Buddha Sala Keoku Spring Temple Buddha Tian Tan Buddha Tōdai-ji Ushiku DaibutsuGuanyin Guanyin of Mount Xiqiao Guanyin of Nanshan Guishan Guanyin Hokkaido Kannon Sendai Daikannon Tsz Shan Monastery Authority control BNE: XX527313 BNF: cb119333152 (data) GND: 4129665-5 LCCN: sh85127595 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Statue&oldid=863492688" Categories: StatuesTypes of sculptureSculpture termsHidden categories: CS1 maint: Unfit urlWebarchive template wayback linksUse dmy dates from July 2014Articles to be expanded from April 2013All articles to be expandedArticles using small message boxesWikipedia articles with BNE identifiersWikipedia articles with BNF identifiersWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages AfrikaansAlemannischالعربيةAvañe'ẽBahasa BanjarБеларускаяБеларуская (тарашкевіца)‎Bikol CentralБългарскиBrezhonegCatalàČeštinaDanskDeutschΕλληνικάEspañolEsperantoفارسیFrançaisFryskGalego贛語한국어Հայերենहिन्दीIdoBahasa IndonesiaItalianoBasa JawaქართულიKiswahiliLatinaLatviešuLingálaLumbaartМакедонскиमराठीBahasa MelayuNederlands日本語NapulitanoNorskNorsk nynorskNouormandPatoisភាសាខ្មែរPolskiPortuguêsRomânăRuna SimiРусскийSeelterskSicilianuSimple EnglishSlovenčinaSlovenščinaSoomaaligaکوردیСрпски / srpskiBasa SundaSuomiSvenskaதமிழ்తెలుగుTürkçeУкраїнськаاردوTiếng Việtייִדיש粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 11 October 2018, at 03:57 (UTC). 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Spectacular Giant Statues Watching over the Surroundings

Tue, Mar 24, 2015

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