Stew - Wikipedia Stew From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search For other uses, see Stew (disambiguation). StewLamb and lentil stewTypeStewMain ingredientsVegetables (carrots, potatoes, onions, beans, peppers, mushrooms, etc.), meat, (such as beef) and a liquid such as water or Stock Cookbook: Stew  Media: StewA stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy. Ingredients in a stew can include any combination of vegetables (such as carrots, potatoes, onions, beans, peppers, mushrooms, and tomatoes) and may include meat, especially tougher meats suitable for slow-cooking, such as beef. Poultry, sausages, and seafood are also used. While water can be used as the stew-cooking liquid, stock is also common. Seasoning and flavourings may also be added. Stews are typically cooked at a relatively low temperature (simmered, not boiled), allowing flavours to mingle. One thing to note, stew is not a dip. Stewing is suitable for the least tender cuts of meat that become tender and juicy with the slow moist heat method. This makes it popular in low-cost cooking. Cuts having a certain amount of marbling and gelatinous connective tissue give moist, juicy stews, while lean meat may easily become dry. Stews are thickened by reduction or with flour, either by coating pieces of meat with flour before searing, or by using a roux or beurre manié, a dough consisting of equal parts of fat and flour. Thickeners like cornstarch or arrowroot may also be used. Stews are similar to soups, and in some cases there may not be a clear distinction between the two. Generally, stews have less liquid than soups, are much thicker and require longer cooking over low heat. While soups are almost always served in a bowl, stews may be thick enough to be served on a plate with the gravy as a sauce over the solid ingredients.[1] Cocido montañés or Highlander stew, a common Cantabrian dish Contents 1 History 2 Types 3 List of stews 4 See also 5 References 6 External links History[edit] A beef stew Stews have been made since ancient times. The world's oldest evidence of stew was found in Japan, also the place of the origin of fishing equipment[2][3]. Herodotus says that the Scythians (8th to 4th centuries BC) "put the flesh into an animal's paunch, mix water with it, and boil it like that over the bone fire. The bones burn very well, and the paunch easily contains all the meat once it has been stripped off. In this way an ox, or any other sacrificial beast, is ingeniously made to boil itself." Amazonian tribes used the shells of turtles as vessels, boiling the entrails of the turtle and various other ingredients in them. Other cultures[who?] used the shells of large mollusks (clams etc.) to boil foods in.[citation needed] There is archaeological evidence[where?] of these practices going back 8,000 years or more.[citation needed]There are recipes for lamb stews and fish stews in the Roman cookery book Apicius, believed to date from the 4th century AD. Le Viandier, one of the oldest cookbooks in French, written in the early 14th century by the French chef known as Taillevent, has ragouts or stews of various types in it.[4]The first written reference to 'Irish stew' is in Byron's "The Devil's Drive" (1814): "The Devil ... dined on ... a rebel or so in an Irish stew."[5] Types[edit] In meat-based stews, white stews, also known as blanquettes or fricassées, are made with lamb or veal that is blanched, or lightly seared without browning, and cooked in stock. Brown stews are made with pieces of red meat that are first seared or browned, before a browned mirepoix and sometimes browned flour, stock and wine are added. List of stews[edit] Main article: List of stews Irish stew A traditional bouillabaisse from Marseille, with the fish served separately from the soup Cochinita pibil, cooling in the pan after cooking Goulash in a traditional "bogrács" Dubu jjigae (Korean tofu stew) Pichelsteiner Chicken yahni[citation needed] A pork stew (ragoût de porc) Claypot beef stew with potatoes and mushrooms Baeckeoffe, a potato stew from Alsace Beef bourguignon, a French dish of beef stewed in red burgundy wine Beef Stroganoff, a stew with beef from Russia Bigos, a traditional stew in Polish cuisine Birria, a goat stew from Mexico Bo Kho, (Vietnamese: bò kho), a beef stew in rich seasonings, served with bread, noodle or plain rice from Vietnam Bollito misto, consisting of beef, veal, and pork simmered in an aromatic vegetable broth from Italy Booyah, an American meat stew Bosnian Pot, a stew with beef or lamb which is a national dish in Bosnia and Herzegovina Bouillabaisse, a fish stew from Provence Brunswick stew, from Virginia and the Carolinas Burgoo, a Kentuckian stew Caldeirada, a fish stew from Portugal Carbonade flamande (Stoofvlees), a traditional Belgian beef and onion stew made with Belgian beer Cawl, a Welsh stew Chakapuli, a Georgian stew made with lamp chops, coriander and tarragon leaves and white wine Chanakhi, a Georgian lamb stew with tomatoes, aubergines, potatoes, greens and garlic Charquicán, a Chilean dish Chankonabe, a Japanese dish flavoured with soy sauce or miso. Chankonabe is traditionally eaten by sumo wrestlers Chicken stew, whole chicken and seasonings Chicken paprikash, chicken stew with paprika Chili con carne, Mexican-American meat and chili pepper stew Chili sin carne, a meatless American adaptation of the Mexican dish Chilorio, a pork stew from Sinaloa, Mexico Cincinnati chili, chili developed by Greek immigrants in the Cincinnati area Cholent, a slow-cooked Jewish dish Chorba (also spelt "Shorba"), a stew like soup dish found in various Middle Eastern, Central Asian, South Asian and European cuisines Cochinita pibil, an orange color pork stew from Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico Cocido montañés or Highlander stew, a bean and pork meat stew from Cantabria, Spain Cotriade, a fish stew from Brittany Cozido, a traditional Portuguese stew; in Spain, it is called cocido Cream stew, a yōshoku Japanese white stew Crow stew, a sour cream-based stew made with crow meat, popular in the United States during the Great Depression Daal, the Indian legume stew that has many varieties, a staple food throughout Asia Dalma, a traditional dish of Orrisha, India, contain ulses with vegetable Daube, a French stew made with cubed beef braised in wine, vegetables, garlic and herbs Dinuguan, pork blood stew from the Philippines Ewedu, vegetable stew from Nigeria Eintopf, (one pot) a German stew that includes a vast number of unlimited ingredients Fabada asturiana, an Asturian bean and meat stew Feijoada, Brazilian or Portuguese bean stew Fårikål, traditional Norwegian stew with lamb or mutton and white cabbage Főzelék, a thick Hungarian vegetable dish Gaisburger Marsch, a German dish of stewed beef served with Spätzle and potatoes Gheimeh, an Iranian stew with cubed lamb and yellow split peas Ghormeh sabzi, an Iranian stew with green herbs, dried limes, beans and sheep meat Goulash, a Hungarian meat stew with paprika Gumbo, a Louisiana creole dish Hachee, a Dutch type of stew with wine or vinegar Haleem, an Indian - Pakistani lentil and beef stew Hasenpfeffer, a sour, marinated rabbit stew from Germany Hayashi rice, a Japanese dish of beef, onions and mushrooms in red wine and demi-glace sauce, served with rice Irish stew, made with lamb or mutton, potato, onion and parsley Ishtu, a curry in Kerala, India made from chicken or mutton, potato and coconut milk[6] Istrian stew or yota, or jota, a dish popular in Croatian and Slovenian Istra and NE Italy I-tal Stew, a Rastafarian vegan dish of mostly Caribbean root vegetables and spices Jjigae, a diverse range of Korean stews Kalops, a traditional Swedish beef stew, with onions and carrots, served with potatoes and pickled beets Kare-kare, stewed beef or oxtail and vegetables in peanut sauce from the Philippines Karelian hot pot, from the region of Karelia in eastern Finland Khash, a traditional Armenian dish of pig's or cow's feet.[7] Khoresht, a variety of Persian stews, often prepared with saffron Kokkinisto, a Greek stew with red meat, in a tomato passata with shallots, cinnamon and other spices Kuurdak Lapskaus, a Norwegian stew with beef, potato, onion and carrot Lancashire hotpot, an English stew Lecsó, a summertime favourite in Hungary, vegetable stew with bell pepper and tomato as main ingredients Locro, a South American stew (mainly in the Andes region) Machanka, a Belarus and Ukraine pork stew Mechado, a Philippine beef stew Moqueca, a Brazilian stew with fish (or shrimp, crab or other seafoods) as its main ingredient Mućkalica, a Serbian stew Nihari, a Pakistani beef stew made overnight and served for breakfast Nikujaga, a Japanese beef and potato stew Oil down, National dish of Grenada, made of breadfruit, salted meat, chicken, dumplings, callaloo, coconut milk, spices Olla podrida, a Spanish red bean stew Pašticada, a Croatian stew from the region of Dalmatia Peperonata, an Italian stew made with peppers Pescado Blanco, a white fish stew from Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico Pichelsteiner a traditional German stew Pörkölt, a Hungarian meat stew resembling goulash, flavoured with paprika Potjiekos, a South African stew Pot-au-feu, a simple French beef stew Pozole, a Mexican stew or soup Puchero, a Philippine, South American, and Spanish stew Pulusu, is a form of stew from Andhra Pradesh in India that is typically sour and cooked with tamarind paste Ratatouille, a French vegetable stew Ragoût de Porc, a French pork stew Sambar, a thick vegetable stew, from South India Sancocho, a stew from the Caribbean Scouse, a stew commonly eaten by sailors throughout Northern Europe, popular in seaports such as Liverpool The Stew, a stew from La Tour-du-Pin Semur, a typical Indonesian stew with beef or chicken, potatoes, carrots, various spices and kecap manis (sweet soy sauce) from Indonesia Slumgullion, a watery stew of meat and vegetables Tagine, a Moroccan stew, named after the conical pot in which it is traditionally cooked and/or served Tocană, a Romanian stew prepared with tomato, garlic and sweet paprika Tharid, a traditional Arab stew of bread in broth Waterzooi, a Belgian stew Yahni, a Greek (γιαχνί), Turkish and Persian stewSee also[edit] Food portal Braising Casserole Curry Eintopf Hot pot Jugging List of foods Nabemono Perpetual stew Pottage Soup References[edit] ^ Soup vs. stew: Difference in details | The Journal Gazette Archived August 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine ^ BBC - A History of the World - About: Transcripts - Episode 10 - Jomon pot ^ World's Oldest Pottery Used to Cook Fish in Japan | JOMON FOOD | Facts and Details ^ "Taillevent, Viandier (Manuscrit du Vatican)". Retrieved 2017-01-27. ^ Byron, George Gordon Byron Baron (1891-01-01). The Poetical Works of Lord Byron: With Memoir and the Original Explanatory Notes, &c. F. Warne and Company. ^ Koshi Ishtu – Kerala Chicken Stew Recipe – – 265726 ^ Leo M.L. Nollet; Fidel Toldra (1 April 2011). Handbook of Analysis of Edible Animal By-Products. CRC Press. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-4398-0361-5. External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stews. Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Stews Look up stew in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.Stew recipes. 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