tea house

Teahouse - Wikipedia Teahouse From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Redirected from Tea house) Jump to navigation Jump to search "Tearoom" redirects here. For other uses, see Tearoom (disambiguation). For the Chinese play, see Teahouse (play). For the help space for new Wikipedia editors, see Wikipedia:Teahouse. Old Twinings Shop on The Strand, London A teahouse is an establishment which primarily serves tea and other light refreshments. Sometimes the word "tea" is also used to refer to a meal. Although the functions of teahouses vary widely in different countries, teahouses often serve as centers of social interaction, like coffeehouses. Some cultures have a variety of distinct tea-centered establishments of different types, depending on the national tea culture. For example, the British or American tearoom serves afternoon tea with a variety of small cakes. Contents 1 Asia 2 Europe 2.1 Britain 2.1.1 Commonwealth 2.2 Elsewhere 3 Relationship to 19th century temperance movement 4 See also 4.1 Eating establishments 4.2 Other 5 References Asia[edit] A teahouse at night in Yu Yuan Garden, Shanghai A Chaikhaneh (teahouse) in Yazd See also: Chinese tea culture, Hong Kong tea culture, Taiwanese tea culture, Chashitsu, and Ochaya In China, Japan and Nepal, a teahouse (茶館 cháguăn or 茶屋 cháwū; Standard Nepali:चिया घर) is traditionally a place which offers tea to its customers. People gather at teahouses to chat, socialize, and enjoy tea, and young people often meet at teahouses for dates. The Guangdong (Cantonese) style teahouse is particularly famous outside of China especially in Nepal's Himalayas. These teahouses, called chálou (茶樓) serve dim sum (點心), and these small plates of food are enjoyed alongside tea. Before tea was used as a social drink, Buddhist Monks drank tea as an aid to their meditation.[1] During the Chinese adaptation of Buddhism between 200 C.E. and 850 C.E., tea was introduced as a medicinal herb. It was then evolved to assist Buddhist monks in their meditation by providing the energy needed to stay awake (likely via the effects of caffeine as a stimulant on the brain). Soon thereafter, tea popularized as a commonplace beverage (replacing the previously consumed milk- and water-based beverages) as Chinese teahouses provided a new kind of social life for the Chinese during the 8th-9th centuries C.E.[2] In Japanese tradition a teahouse ordinarily refers to a private structure designed for holding Japanese tea ceremonies. This structure and specifically the room in it where the tea ceremony takes place is called chashitsu (茶室, literally "tea room"). The architectural space called chashitsu was created for aesthetic and intellectual fulfillment. In Japan during the Edo period, the term "teahouse" could also refer to a place of entertainment with geisha or as a place where couples seeking privacy could go. In this case the establishment was referred to as an ochaya (お茶屋), which literally meant "tea house". However, these establishments only served tea incidentally, and were instead dedicated to geisha entertainment or to providing discreet rooms for visitors. This usage is now archaic. Contemporary Japanese go to modern tearooms called kissaten on main streets to drink black or green tea as well as coffee. In Central Asia the term teahouse could refer to Shayhana in Kazakh, Chaykhana in Kyrgyz and Choyxona in Uzbek, which literally means a tea room. In Tajikistan, the largest teahouses are the Orient Teahouse, Chinese Teahouse, and Orom Teahouse in the city of Isfara. On the 15th anniversary of the independence of Tajikistan, the people of Isfara presented the Isfara Teahouse to the city of Kulyab for its 2700th anniversary on September 2006.[citation needed] Teahouses are present in other parts of Central Asia, notably in Iran and also Turkey. Such teahouses may be referred to, in Persian, as Chay-Khaneh, or in Turkish, çayhane—literally, the "house of tea". These teahouses usually serve several beverages in addition to tea. In Arab countries such as Egypt, establishments that serve tea, coffee and herbal teas like karkade are referred to as ahwa or maqha (Arabic: مقهى‎) and are more commonly translated into English as coffeehouse.[3] In Pakistan, the proniment Pak Tea House is an intellectual tea–café located in Lahore known as the hub of Progressive Writers' Movement. Europe[edit] Britain[edit] Main article: Tearoom (UK and US) See also: Tea in the United Kingdom Tea drinking is a pastime closely associated with the English.[4] A female manager of London's Aerated Bread Company is credited with creating the bakery's first public tearoom, which became a thriving chain.[5] Tea rooms were part of the growing opportunities for women in the Victorian era. In the UK today, a tea room is a small room or restaurant where beverages and light meals are served, often having a sedate or subdued atmosphere. The food served can range from a cream tea (also known as Devonshire tea), i.e. a scone with jam and clotted cream; to an elaborate afternoon tea featuring tea sandwiches and small cakes; to a high tea, a savoury meal. In Scotland teas are usually served with a variety of scones, pancakes, crumpets and other cakes. There is a long tradition of tea rooms within London hotels, for example, at Brown's Hotel at 33 Albemarle Street, which has been serving tea in its tea room for over 170 years.[6] Part of the charm of the occasion is an attractive tea set, often decorated china. In a related usage, a tea room may be a room set aside in a workplace for relaxation and eating during tea breaks. Traditionally this was served by a tea lady, not to be confused with a dinner lady. Commonwealth[edit] Tea rooms are popular in Commonwealth countries, particularly Canada, with its harsh winters, when afternoon tea is popular. The menu will generally have similar foods to in the UK, but with the addition sometimes of butter tarts or other small desserts like nanaimo bars or pets de sœurs. Tea is commonly consumed in other Commonwealth countries alone or in the British fashion. Elsewhere[edit] End view of the teahouse "belvedere" of the Charlottenburg Palace In France, a tea room is called Salon de thé, and pastries and cakes are also served. It seems that having a separate teahouse was a tradition in many countries in Europe.[citation needed] In Germany, one Teehaus was particularly famous during the Third Reich era where the German Dictator Adolf Hitler used to have his daily walk and tea on Mooslahnerkopf hill near his residence Berghof, in the Bavarian Alps. Hitler's teahouse was a cylindrical structure built in the woods.[citation needed] In the Czech Republic, the tea room culture has been spreading since the Velvet Revolution 1989 and today, there are nearly 400 tea rooms[7] (čajovny) in the country (more than 50 just in Prague), which is according to some sources[8] the largest concentration of tea rooms per capita in Europe. In Eastern Europe, countries like Latvia are located at the crossroads of trade routes between Western and Eastern Europe, and tea came both from the East and West. One example of mixed tea is a new type of tea room—Club tea culture. For example, a tea club Goija.[citation needed] Relationship to 19th century temperance movement[edit] The popularity of the tea room rose as an alternative to the pub in the UK and US during the temperance movement in the 1830s. The form developed in the late 19th century, as Catherine Cranston opened the first of what became a chain of Miss Cranston's Tea Rooms in Glasgow, Scotland, and similar establishments became popular throughout Scotland. In the 1880s, fine hotels in both the United States and England began to offer tea service in tea rooms and tea courts, and by 1910 they had begun to host afternoon tea dances as dance crazes swept both the U.S. and the UK. Tea rooms of all kinds were widespread in Britain by the 1950s, but in the following decades cafés became more fashionable, and tea rooms became less common. See also[edit] Chashitsu Pak Tea House List of tea houses Eating establishments[edit] Cha chaan teng, Hong Kong eating establishments (literally "tea restaurant") Coffeehouse Dabang (Korea), the Korean word for such establishments Nakamal, a traditional meeting place in Vanuatu, where kava is drunk Other[edit] Tea garden, see pleasure garden Teahouse scam, a type of fraud The Teahouse of the August Moon, a novel and works derived from it Yum cha, going for dim sum, a sort of Cantonese brunch Tea ceremony References[edit] ^ Laudan, Rachel. Cuisine and Empire: Cooking in World History. University of California Press, 2015. ^ Laudan, Rachel (2013). Cuisine and Empire. Berkley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-520-28631-3.  ^ "Ahwa's in Egypt". Hummusisyummus.wordpress.com. 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2012-03-08.  ^ Pamela Robin Brandt (2002-10-17). "Miaminewtimes.com". Miaminewtimes.com. Retrieved 2012-03-08.  ^ Chrystal, Paul (2014). Tea: A Very British Beverage. Amberley Publishing Limited,.  |access-date= requires |url= (help) ^ "Brown's Hotel". Brown's Hotel. Retrieved 2012-03-08.  ^ "ajk - seznam ajoven a obchod ajem". cajik.cz.  ^ "esko je zem snejvt koncentrac ajoven na svt. Kam na dobr aj zajt?". Hospodsk noviny.  Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tea houses. v t e Tea (Camellia sinensis) Common varieties Black tea Assam Bohea Ceylon Congou Darjeeling Dianhong Kangra Keemun Lapsang souchong (Jin Jun Mei) Nilgiri Tibeti Rize Yingdehong Oolong tea Bai Jiguan Ban Tian Yao Bu Zhi Chun Da Hong Pao Darjeeling oolong Dong ding Dongfang Meiren Gaoshan Huangjin Gui Huang Meigui Qilan Pouchong Rougui Ruanzhi Shui Jin Gui Shui Hsien Tieluohan Tieguanyin Green tea Anji bai cha Aracha Baimao Hou Bancha Biluochun Chun Mee Dafang Genmaicha Lu'an Melon Seed Gunpowder Gyokuro Hojicha Taiping houkui Huangshan Maofeng Hyson Kabusecha Kamairicha Konacha Kukicha Longjing Matcha Maojian Mecha Mengding Ganlu Sencha Shincha Tamaryokucha White tea Bai Mudan Baihao Yinzhen Darjeeling White Shoumei Yellow tea Junshan Yinzhen Huoshan Huangya Fermented tea Pu-erh Lahpet Blended or flavoured teas Earl Grey (Lady Grey) Breakfast tea (English, Irish) Jasmine tea Lapsang souchong Masala chai Moroccan mint tea Prince of Wales Russian Caravan By country Australian Chinese British Korean Nepali Taiwanese Turkish Vietnamese Culture Customs Afternoon/High tea/Evening meal Tea party Tasseography Tea ceremonies Japanese Chinese Korean Yum cha Associated places Chashitsu (tea room) Mizuya (prep room) Sukiya-zukuri (style) Roji (garden) Teahouse circuit or trek (Himalayas) By country American Argentine Azerbaijani Brazilian Chinese Dominican Hong Kong Indian Mexican Pakistani Russian Senegalese Taiwanese History China India Japan Production and distribution Tea processing (Tea leaf grading) Tea tasting Decaffeination Cultivation: Tea plant diseases and Tea plant predation Tea companies By country Bangladesh Kenya Sri Lanka United States Auctions London Chittagong Guwahati Preparation Flowering teas Infusion Decoction ISO Procedure Steeping Ground or pressed (Tea bag, Tea brick) Tea and health Health effects Phenolic content Caffeine Compounds: Theanine, Flavan-3-ol (Catechin), Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), Theaflavin Sale Pleasure garden Teahouse Consumption by country Tea-based drinks Bubble tea Builder's tea Butter tea Doodh pati chai Ginger tea Hong Kong-style milk tea Iced tea Arnold Palmer Jagertee Kahwah Lei cha Milk tea Noon chai 7 layered Tea Shahi haleeb Suutei tsai Sweet tea Teh botol Teh tarik Thai tea Troq chai Yuenyeung See also Teaware (Tea chest, Tea caddy) Tea set (Brewing: Strainer or Infuser, Utensils: Teacup or Teapot) Coffee Herbal tea Bak kut teh Mate Guayusa Kuding Kombucha List of Chinese teas Lipton Institute of Tea Teas of related species Camellia japonica Camellia sasanqua Camellia taliensis Tea seed oil Category:Tea Drink Portal Coffee & Tea Task Force Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Teahouse&oldid=845865596" Categories: Restaurants by typeTea housesTea ceremonyTea cultureGarden featuresCentral Asian cuisineZen art and cultureHidden categories: Pages using citations with accessdate and no URLArticles containing Japanese-language textAll articles with unsourced statementsArticles with unsourced statements from July 2012Articles containing Arabic-language text Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in Namespaces ArticleTalk Variants Views ReadEditView history More Search Navigation Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store Interaction HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page Tools What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page Print/export Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages AzərbaycancaCatalàČeštinaDeutschEspañolفارسیFrançais한국어हिन्दीItalianoעבריתBahasa MelayuNederlandsNorskOʻzbekcha/ўзбекчаਪੰਜਾਬੀPortuguêsРусскийSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSuomiТоҷикӣTürkçeУкраїнськаاردو粵語中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 14 June 2018, at 17:38. 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