Travel - Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation
Jump to search
For other uses, see Travel (disambiguation).
"Travelling" redirects here. For other uses, see Travelling (disambiguation).
A statue dedicated to the traveler in Oviedo, Spain
Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical locations. Travel can be done by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, or other means, with or without luggage, and can be one way or round trip. Travel can also include relatively short stays between successive movements.
2 Purpose and motivation
3 History of travel
4 Geographic types
5 Travel safety
6 See also
8 External links
The origin of the word "travel" is most likely lost to history. The term "travel" may originate from the Old French word travail, which means 'work'. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, the first known use of the word travel was in the 14th century. It also states that the word comes from Middle English travailen, travelen (which means to torment, labor, strive, journey) and earlier from Old French travailler (which means to work strenuously, toil). In English we still occasionally use the words "travail", which means struggle. According to Simon Winchester in his book The Best Travelers' Tales (2004), the words "travel" and "travail" both share an even more ancient root: a Roman instrument of torture called the tripalium (in Latin it means "three stakes", as in to impale). This link may reflect the extreme difficulty of travel in ancient times. Today, travel may or may not be much easier depending upon the destination you choose (e.g. Mt. Everest, the Amazon rainforest), how you plan to get there (tour bus, cruise ship, or oxcart), and whether you decide to "rough it" (see extreme tourism and adventure travel). "There's a big difference between simply being a tourist and being a true world traveler", notes travel writer Michael Kasum. This is, however, a contested distinction as academic work on the cultures and sociology of travel has noted.
Purpose and motivation
Train travel – Passengers on a train on a bridge of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, between Mettupalayam and Ootacamund, in Tamil Nadu, India
Reasons for traveling include recreation,tourism or vacationing,research travel, the gathering of information, visiting people, volunteer travel for charity, migration to begin life somewhere else, religious pilgrimages and mission trips, business travel,trade,commuting, and other reasons, such as to obtain health care or waging or fleeing war or for the enjoyment of traveling. Travellers may use human-powered transport such as walking or bicycling; or vehicles, such as public transport, automobiles, trains and airplanes.
Motives for travel include:
Discovery and exploration
Getting to know other cultures
Taking personal time for building interpersonal relationships.History of travel
Travel dates back to antiquity where wealthy Greeks and Romans would travel for leisure to their summer homes and villas in cities such as Pompeii and Baiae.
While early travel tended to be slower, more dangerous, and more dominated by trade and migration, cultural and technological advances over many years have tended to mean that travel has become easier and more accessible. Mankind has come a long way in transportation since Christopher Columbus sailed to the new world from Spain in 1492, an expedition which took over 10 weeks to arrive at the final destination; to the 21st century where aircraft allow travel from Spain to the United States overnight.
Travel in the Middle Ages offered hardships and challenges, however, it was important to the economy and to society. The wholesale sector depended (for example) on merchants dealing with/through caravans or sea-voyagers, end-user retailing often demanded the services of many itinerant peddlers wandering from village to hamlet, gyrovagues (Wandering Monks) and wandering friars brought theology and pastoral support to neglected areas, travelling minstrels practiced the never-ending tour, and armies ranged far and wide in various crusades and in sundry other wars.
Pilgrimages were common in both the European and Islamic world and involved streams of travellers both locally (Canterbury Tales-style) and internationally.In the late 16th century it became fashionable for young European aristocrats and wealthy upper class men to travel to significant European cities as part of their education in the arts and literature. This was known as the Grand Tour, it included cities such as London, Paris, Venice, Florence and Rome.
However, The French revolution brought with it the end of the Grand Tour.Travel by water often provided more comfort and speed than land-travel, at least until the advent of a network of railways in the 19th century. Travel for the purpose of tourism is reported to have started around this time when people began to travel for fun as travel was no longer a hard and challenging task. This was capitalised on by people like Thomas Cook selling tourism packages where trains and hotels were booked together.Airships and airplanes took over much of the role of long-distance surface travel in the 20th century, notably after the second World War where there was a surplus of both aircraft and pilots.
Travel may be local, regional, national (domestic) or international. In some countries, non-local internal travel may require an internal passport, while international travel typically requires a passport and visa. A trip may also be part of a round-trip, which is a particular type of travel whereby a person moves from one location to another and returns.
See also: Air safety and Automobile safety
Travelers in a British Airways 747 airplane. Air travel is a common means of transport.
MS Skania ferry in the port of Szczecin
Authorities emphasize the importance of taking precautions to ensure travel safety. When traveling abroad, the odds favor a safe and incident-free trip, however, travelers can be subject to difficulties, crime and violence. Some safety considerations include being aware of one's surroundings, avoiding being the target of a crime, leaving copies of one's passport and itinerary information with trusted people, obtaining medical insurance valid in the country being visited and registering with one's national embassy when arriving in a foreign country. Many countries do not recognize drivers' licenses from other countries; however most countries accept international driving permits.Automobile insurance policies issued in one's own country are often invalid in foreign countries, and it is often a requirement to obtain temporary auto insurance valid in the country being visited. It is also advisable to become oriented with the driving-rules and -regulations of destination countries. Wearing a seat belt is highly advisable for safety reasons; many countries have penalties for violating seatbelt laws.There are three main statistics which may be used to compare the safety of various forms of travel (based on a DETR survey in October 2000):
Deaths per billion
Environmental impact of aviation (including effects on climate change)
List of travelers
Mode of transport
The Negro Motorist Green Book
^ "Travel." (definition). Thefreedictionary.com. Accessed July 2011.
^ "Travel." (definition). Merriam-webster.com. Accessed July 2011.
^ Entymoligical dictionary (definition). Retrieved on 10 December 2011
^ Buzard, J. (1993) The Beaten Track. European Tourism literature, and the Ways to 'Culture' 1800 - 1918. Oxford: Oxford University Press
^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Road to Travel: Purpose of Travel." University of Florida, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. (Compilation for History 3931/REL 3938 course.) Accessed July 2011.
^ "So Your Community Wants Travel/Tourism? Guidelines for Attracting and Servicing Visitors". conservancy.edu. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
^ a b c d "A History Of Why People Travel". Matador Network. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
^ "A Brief Visual History of Travel". Accessed May 2017.
^ Peters, F. E. (1994). The Hajj: The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Places. Princeton University Press. p. 164. ISBN 9780691026190.
^ "A brief history of travel: From elite hobby to mass tourism". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
"Round-trip — Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
^ a b c d e f "Tips for Traveling Abroad." Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Accessed July 2011.
^ "A Safe Trip Abroad." Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Accessed July 2011.
^ a b c d "Road Safety Overseas." Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Accessed July 2011.
^ The risks of travel Archived 2001-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.
Travelat Wikipedia's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
Quotations from Wikiquote
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Resources from Wikiversity
Wikivoyage – a travel wiki
Travel at CurlievteTourismTypes
Bed and breakfast
Conference and resort hotels
Hospitality management studies
Visitor centerIndustry organizations, rankings and events
American Bus Association
American Hotel and Lodging Association
American Hotel & Lodging Educational Institute
BEST Education Network
Caribbean Tourism Organization
Destination marketing organization
European Travel Commission
Historical archive on tourism
South-East Asian Tourism Organisation
Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report
World Federation of Travel Journalists and Writers
World Tourism Day
World Tourism Organization
World Tourism rankings
World Travel and Tourism Council
World Travel MonitorLists
Convention and exhibition centers
Largest hotels in the world
Most internationally-visited cities
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists
World Heritage Sites by country
Swiss Army knife
vteCommercial air travelAirlines
Airline holding companies
U-FLY AllianceTrade groups
First class (aviation)
First class travel
Aircraft seat map
Buy on board
Crew rest compartment
Airport rail link
Low cost carrier terminal
Transit hotelCustoms / Immigration
Arrival card (UK landing card)
Impact on environmentLaw
Air transport agreement
Bermuda Agreement (UK-US, 1946-78)
Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008)
Cross-Strait charter (China-Taiwan)
Cape Town Treaty
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives
European Common Aviation Area
Freedoms of the air
Hague Hijacking Convention
Open skies (EU–US Open Skies Agreement)
Paris Convention of 1919
Baggage handling system
Air Navigation and Transport Act
Air traffic control (ATC)
Aircraft safety card
Airport crash tender
National aviation authority
Pre-flight safety demonstration
Airline booking ploys
Airline reservations system
Fare basis code
Flight cancellation and delay
Government contract flight
Passenger name record
Aircraft maintenance technician
Aircraft ground handler
Mile high club
Friendship Force International
Mennonite Your Way
vtePublic transportBus service
Bus rapid transit
Open top bus
Public light bus
Rail replacement bus
Medium-capacity rail system
VactrainVehicles for hire
Personal rapid transit
Public light bus
Water taxiOther transport
Bus garage (bus depot)
Bus turnout (bus bay)
Park and ride
Transport hubTicketing and fares
Automated fare collection
Contract of carriage
Farebox recovery ratio
Free public transport
Free travel pass
Manual fare collection
Reduced fare program
Public transport timetable
Transit-oriented development (TOD)
Transportation authorityOther topics
Bus rapid transit creep
Hail and ride
Passenger load factor
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Travel&oldid=868953770"
Categories: TravelTourismTourist activitiesTransport cultureHidden categories: Webarchive template wayback linksWikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pagesArticles with Curlie linksWikipedia articles with GND identifiersWikipedia articles with HDS identifiersWikipedia articles with LCCN identifiersWikipedia articles with NARA identifiersWikipedia articles with NDL identifiers
Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog in
ReadView sourceView history
Main pageContentsFeatured contentCurrent eventsRandom articleDonate to WikipediaWikipedia store
HelpAbout WikipediaCommunity portalRecent changesContact page
What links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationWikidata itemCite this page
Create a bookDownload as PDFPrintable version
In other projects
AfrikaansالعربيةAsturianuAzərbaycancaবাংলাБашҡортсаБеларускаяБългарскиCatalàČeštinaCymraegDanskDeitschDeutschEestiEspañolEsperantoEuskaraفارسیFrançaisFryskGalego한국어ItalianoעבריתBasa JawaKiswahiliKreyòl ayisyenLatinaMagyarမြန်မာဘာသာNāhuatlNederlandsनेपाल भाषा日本語NorskNorsk nynorskਪੰਜਾਬੀPolskiPortuguêsRomânăRuna SimiРусиньскыйРусскийScotsසිංහලSimple EnglishSlovenčinaکوردیSrpskohrvatski / српскохрватскиSvenskaTagalogไทยᏣᎳᎩTürkçeУкраїнськаTiếng Việt吴语ייִדיש粵語Žemaitėška中文 Edit links
This page was last edited on 15 November 2018, at 13:38 (UTC).
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License;
For more information about travel check the Wikipedia article here
ZME Science posts about travel